Skip to main content Accesibility Help
×
×
Home
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 5
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Jackson, Catherine M. 2016. A Companion to the History of Science. p. 296.

    Crawford, Matthew James 2014. An Empire’s Extract: Chemical Manipulations of Cinchona Bark in the Eighteenth-Century Spanish Atlantic World. Osiris, Vol. 29, Issue. 1, p. 215.

    te Heesen, Anke Müller-Wille, Staffan Daum, Andreas W. Voss, Julia Köchy, Kristian Hagen, Joel B. Laubichler, Manfred D. and Kröger, Björn 2010. Evolution. p. 139.

    Klein, Ursula 2008. The Laboratory Challenge: Some Revisions of the Standard View of Early Modern Experimentation. Isis, Vol. 99, Issue. 4, p. 769.

    Kohler, Robert E. 2008. Lab History: Reflections. Isis, Vol. 99, Issue. 4, p. 761.

    ×
  • Print publication year: 2006
  • Online publication date: March 2008

13 - Laboratories

from Part II - Personae and Sites of Natural Knowledge
Summary
In 1603, after six years of construction, Count Wolfgang II von Hohenlohe put the finishing touches on a new two-story laboratory in his residence Schloss Weikersheim. Count Wolfgang used a single long-term laboratory worker, or Laborant, who appears to have held the major responsibility for the laboratory over a sixteen-year period. Paracelsian ideas about the alchemical reform of the world impelled many nobles, particularly in the German territories, to found alchemical laboratories. In the second half of the seventeenth century, a new conception of replicable experimentation in the controlled space of the laboratory began to be constructed. The proceedings of the Accademia del Cimento, published in 1667, also set out the academicians' experiments in plain prose and clear illustrations. The new epistemology of natural knowledge involving use of the laboratory was institutionalized in only very few universities by the end of the seventeenth century, the most notable example being the University of Leiden.
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Cambridge History of Science
  • Online ISBN: 9781139054010
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521572446
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
×
Agricola, GeorgDe re metallica (Basel: H. Froben and N. Episcopus, 1556)
Alonso Barba, AlvaroEl arte de los metales (Madrid, 1640)
Barclay, RobertThe Art of the Trumpet-Maker: The Materials, Tools, and Techniques of the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries in Nuremberg (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992).
Battista Alberti’s, LeonDella pittura (comp. 1435–6).
Bauer, A.Chemie und Alchymie in österreich bis zum beginnenden XIX Jahrhundert (Vienna: R. Lechner, 1883)
Bedel, CharlesLes cabinets de chimie,” in Enseignement et diffusion des sciences en France au XVIII siècle, ed. Taton, René (Paris: Hermann, 1964).
Beukers, HarmClinical Teaching in Leiden from Its Beginning until the End of the Eighteenth Century,Clio Medica, 21 (1987–8).
Beukers, HarmHet Laboratorium van Sylvius,Tijdschrift voor de geschiedenis der geneeskunde, natuurwetenschappen, wiskunde en technick, 3 (1980).
Bialostocki, JanThe Renaissance Concept of Nature and Antiquity,” in The Renaissance and Mannerism: Studies in Western Art (Acts of the Twentieth International Congress of the History of Art, 2) (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1963).
Biringuccio, VannoccioDe la pirotechnia (Venice: Venturino Rossinello, 1540)
Bono, James J.The Word of God and the Languages of Man: Interpreting Nature in Early Modern Science and Medicine (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1995).
Borggrefe, HeinerThomas, Fusenig, and Anne, Schunicht-Rawe, eds., Moritz der Gelehrte: Ein Renaissancefürst in Europa (Eurasburg: Edition Minerva, 1997)
Cameron, Keith introduction to his Palissy, edition of Bernard, Recepte veritable (Geneva: Librairie Droz, 1988).
Cook, Harold J.The New Philosophy in the Low Countries,” in The Scientific Revolution in National Context, ed. Porter, Roy and Teich, Mikuláš (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).
Dear, PeterNarratives, Anecdotes, and Experiments: Turning Experience into Science in the Seventeenth Century,” in The Literary Structure of a Scientific Argument: Historical Studies, ed. Dear, Peter (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1991).
Dear, PeterDiscipline and Experience: The Mathematical Way in the Scientific Revolution (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995).
Debus, Allen G.The Chemical Philosophy, 2 vols. (New York: Science History Publication, 1977)
del Cimento, AccademiaSaggi di naturali esperienze fatte nell’ Accademia del Cimento sotto la protezione del serenissimo principe Leopoldo di Toscana e descritte dal segretario dr essa accademia (Florence: Giuseppe Cocchini, 1667).
della Porta, GiambattistaMagiae naturalis, sive de miraculis rerum naturalium (Naples, 1558).
Dobbs, B. J. T.The Foundations of Newton’s Alchemy; or, “The hunting of the greene lyon” (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1975)
Eamon, WilliamScience and the Secrets of Nature: Books of Secrets in Mediecal and Early Modern Culture (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1994)
Ercker, LazarusBeschreibung aller fürnemsten mineralischen Ertzt unnd Bergwercksarten (Prague: G. Schwartz, 1574).
Evans, R. J. W.Rudolf II and His World: A Study in Intellectual History, 1576–1612 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984).
Field, J. V. and James, Frank A. J. L., eds. Renaissance and Revolution: Humanists, Scholars, Craftsmen and Natural Philosophers in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993)
Garin, EugenioScience and Civic Life in the Italian Renaissance, trans. Munz, Peter (New York: Doubleday, 1969)
Geoghegan, A.The Attitude toward Labor in Christianity and Ancient Culture (Washington, D.C.: The Catholic university of America Press, 1945)
Gilbert, WilliamDe magnete (London: Peter Short, 1600).
Glanvill, JosephPlus Ultra (London: James Collins, 1668).
Goldammer, KurtParacelsus: Natur und Offenbarung (Hanover: Theodor Pooermann Verlag, 1953).
Golinski, JanScience as Public Culture: Chemistry and Enlightenment in Britain, 1760–1829 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992)
Grafton, Anthony and Lisa, JardineFrom Humanism to the Humanities: Education and the Liberal Arts in Fifteenth- and Sixteenth-Century Europe (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1986)
Hall, Bert S.Der Meister sol auch kennen schreiben und lesen: Writings about Technology ca. 1400–ca. 1600 A.D. and their Cultural Implication,” in Early Technologies, ed. Schmandt-Besserat, Denise (Malibu, Calif.: Undena Publications, 1979).
Hannaway, OwenLaboratory Design and the Aim of Science: Andreas Libavius versus Tycho Brahe,Isis, 77 (1986)
Hannaway, OwenThe Chamists and the Wird: The Didactic Origins of Chemistry (Blatimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1975).
Heilbron, J. L.Electricity in the 17th and 18th Centuries (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1979).
Hooykaas, R.La Nature et l’art,” in Selected Studies in History of Science (Coimbra: Acta Universitatis Conimbricensis, 1983).
Hooykaas, R.Humanisme, Science et Réforme: Pierre de la Ranmée (1515–1572) (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1985)
Hunter, MichaelEstablishing the New Science: The Experience of the Early Royal Social (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1989).
Jardine, Lisa and Grafton, Anthony‘Studied for Action’: How Gabriel Harvey Read His Livy,Post and Present, 129 (1990).
Kiein, UrsulaThe Chemical Workshop Tradition and the Experimental Practice: Discontinuities within Continuities,Science in Context, 9 (1996).
Klein, UrsulaVerbindung und Affinität: Die Grundlegung der neuzeitlichen chemie an der Wende vom 17. zum 18. Jahrhundert (Basel: Birkhauser, 1994).
l’Estrange Turner, GerardThe Cabinet of Experimental Philosophy,” in The Origins of Museume: The Cabinet of Curiosities in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Centuey Europe, ed. Impey, Oliver and Macgregor, Arthur (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1985).
Latour, BrunoScience in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers through Society (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1987)
Lensi Orlandi, GiulioCosimo e Francesco de’ Medici alchimisti (Florence: Nardini Editors, 1978).
Long, Pamela O.Power, Patronage, and the Authorship of Ars,Isis, 88 (1997)
Long, Pamela O.The Contribution of Architectural Writers to a ‘Scientific’ Outlook in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries,Journal of Mediecal and Renaissance Studies, 15 (1985)
Luis Vives, JuanDe tradendis disciplinis [1531], trans. Watson, Foster (Totowa, N.J.: Rowman and Littlefield, 1971).
Luther, MartinTable Talk, trans. Hazlitt, William (London: Bell, 1920).
Meinel, Cristoph, ed., Die Alchemie in der europäischen Kultur- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte (Wiesbaden: O. Harrassowitz, 1986)
Meinel, ChristophArtibus academicis inserenda: Chemistry’s Place in Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Century Universities,History of Universities, 7 (1988).
Mitcham, CarlPhilosophy and the History of Technology,” in The History and Philosophy of Technology, ed. Bugliarello, George and Doner, Dean B. (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1979).
Moran, Bruce T.The Alchemical World of the German Court: Occult Philosophy and Chamical Medicine in the circle of Moritz of Hessen (1572–1632) (Sudhoffs Archiv, Beiheft 29) (Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag, 1991)
Moran, Bruce T. ed., Patronage and Institutions: Science, Technology, and Medicine at the European Court, 1500–1750 (Rochester, N.Y.: Boydell Press, 1991)
Newman, , The “Aumma Perfectionis,” and Newan, William R. and Principe, Lawrence M., Alchemy Tried in the Fire: Starkey, Boyle, and the Fate of Helmontian chymistry (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2002)
Newman, William R.Technology and Alchemical Debate in the Late Middle Ages,Isis, 80 (1989).
Newman, William R.Libellus de alchemia, trans. Heines, VirginiaSister (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1958).
Newman, William R.The “Summa perfectionis” of Pseudo-Geber (Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1991)
Ovitt, GeorgeThe Restoration of Perfection: Labor and Technology in Medieval Culture (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1987).
Owens, LarryPure adn Sound Goverment: Laboratories, Playing Fields, and Gymnasia in the Nineteenth-Century Search for Order,Isis, 76 (1985).
Pagel, WalterParacelsus: An Introduction to Philosophical Medicine in the Era of the Renaissance, 2nd ed. (Basel: Karger, 1982).
Paracelsus, , Das Buch Labyrinthus Medicorum genant [1538, orig. publ. 1553], in Sämtliche Werke, vol. 11 (Munich: R. Oldenbourg, 1928).
Paracelsus, , Sämtliche Werke: Medizinische, naturwissenschaftliche und Philosophische Schriften, ed. Sudhoff, Karl and Matthiessen, William, 14 vols. (Munich and Berlin: R. Oldenbourg and Oldenbourg and O. W. Barth, 1922–33), vol. 12 (Munich: Oldenbourg, 1929).
pérez-Ramos, AntonioFrancis Bacon’s Idea of Science and the Maker’s Knowledge Tradition (Oxford: Clatremdon Press, 1988)
Pesic, PeterWrestling with Proteus: Francis Bacon and the ‘Torture’ of Nature,Isis, 90 (1999).
Piccolpasso, CiprianoThe Three Books of the Potter’s Art [ca. 1558], trans. Lightbown, Ronald and Caiger-Smith, Alan, 2 vols. (London: Scholar Press, 1980).
Randall, CathatineBuilding Codes: The Aesthetics of Calvinism in Early Modern Europe (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1999).
Rosner, LisaMedical Education in the Age of Improvement: Edinburgh Students and Apprentices, 1760–1826 (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1991)
Rossi, PaoloPhilosophy, Technology, and the Arts in the Early Modern Era, trans. Attanasio, Salvator (New York: Harper and Row, 1970).
Schaffer, SimonNatural Philosophy and Public Spectacle in the Eighteenth Century,History of Science, 21 (1983).
Shapin, Steven and Schaffer, SimonLeviathan and the Air-Pump: Hobbes, Boyle, and the Experimental Life (Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press, 1985).
Shapin, , A Social History of Truth: Civility and Science in Seventeenth-Century England (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994).
Shapin, StevenPump and Circumstance: Robert Boyle’s Literary Technology,Social Studies of Science, 14 (1984).
Shapin, StevenThe House of Experiment in Seventeenth-century England,Isis, 79 (1988).
Smith, , “Vital Spirits: Alchemy, Redemption, and Artisanship in Early Modern Europe,” in Rethinking the Scientific Revolution, ed. Osler, Margaret J. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000).
Smith, Pamela H.The Business of Alchemy: Science and Culture in the Holy Roman Empire (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1994)
Smith, Pamels H.The Body of the Artisan: Art and Experience in the Scientific Revolution (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2004).
Solomon, Howard M.Public Welfare, Science, and Propaganda in Seventeenth Century France (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1972).
Soukup, R. W.Osten, S. von, and Mayer, H., “Alembics, Curcurbits, Phials, Crucibles: A 16th-Century Dicimastic Laboratory Excavated in Austria,Ambix, 40 (1993)
Sprat, ThomasThe History of the Royal Society (London: Printed by T. R. for J. Martyn, 1667).
Stewart, LarryThe Rise of Public Science: Rhetoric, Technology, and Natural Philosophy in Newtonian Britain, 1660–1750 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992).
Webster, CharlesThe Great Insteuration: Science, Medicine, and Reform, 1626–1660 (London: Gerald Duckworth, 1975).
Werner Soukup, Rudolf and Mayer, Helmut, Alchemistisches Gold: Paracelsistische Pharmaka: Laboratoriumstechnik im 16. Jahrhundert. Chemiegeschichtliche und archäometrische Untersuchungen am Inventar des Laboratoriums von Oberstockstall/Kirchberg am Wagram, ed. Grössing, Helmuth, Kadletz, Karl, and Klemun, Marianne (Perspektive der Wissenschaftsgeschichte, 10) (Vienna: Böhlau Verlag, 1997).
Weyer, JostGraf Wolfgang II von Hohenlohe und die Alchemie: Alchemistische Studien in Schloß Weikersheim, 1587–1610 (Sigmaringen: J. Thorbeke, 1992).
Whitney, ElsbethParadise Restored: The Mechanical Arts from Antiquity through the Thirteenth Century (Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, 80) (Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 1990).