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    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Marples, A. and Pickering, V. R. M. 2016. Patron's review: Exploring cultures of collecting in the early modern world. Archives of Natural History, Vol. 43, Issue. 1, p. 1.

    Daston, Lorraine 2012. The Sciences of the Archive. Osiris, Vol. 27, Issue. 1, p. 156.

  • Print publication year: 2006
  • Online publication date: March 2008

10 - Libraries and Lecture Halls

from Part II - Personae and Sites of Natural Knowledge
Classrooms and libraries called up radically different images in the minds of sixteenth- and seventeenth-century writers. Like the lecture hall, the library attracted some formidable attacks in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. For all his command of bookish culture, the English philosophical reformer Francis Bacon considered libraries to be the repositories of an older and less powerful form of learning than those he preferred to pursue. Yet many of the new public libraries ended up parading the wealth, power, and culture of the rulers who had caused them to be assembled more effectively than they served the needs of scholars. Many of the greatest Italian libraries, from the Marciana to the Vatican, were notoriously hard to enter and harder still to work in. In the sixteenth century, libraries became weapons in a new form of confessional warfare, one in which the archive of early Christianity was the chief realm of struggle.
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