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    Eckart, Wolfgang Uwe Behringer, Wolfgang Breul, Wolfgang Waczkat, Andreas Schneider, Johann Herbers, Klaus Reichmuth, Stefan Kempe, Michael Langer, Daniela Rode-Breymann, Susanne Petri, Grischka Kanz, Roland Pelc, Milan Häberlein, Mark Bergemann, Lutz Sonne, Wolfgang Lüsebrink, Hans-Jürgen Wiesenfeldt, Gerhard Leven, Karl-Heinz Stockhorst, Stefanie Gierl, Martin Hein-Kircher, Heidi Weber, Wolfgang E. J. Gebhardt, Jürgen Brandt, Hartwig Stöckmann, Ingo Herold-Schmidt, Hedwig Voigt, Friedemann Zimmermann, Clemens Härter, Karl Pahlow, Louis Scholz-Löhnig, Cordula Häseler, Jens Gladigow, Burkhard Sokoll, Thomas Kretschmann, Carsten Popplow, Marcus Lehmann-Brauns, Sicco Spehr, Christopher Ehmer, Josef Eder, Franz X. Reith, Reinhold Antonin, Daniela Ducheyne, Steffen Allousch, Jasmin Beyrer, Klaus Didczuneit, Veit Sparn, Walter Czeguhn, Ignacio Schwerhoff, Gerd Rudersdorf, Tina Asch, Ronald G. Weller, Thomas Chihaia, Matei Walter, Peter Straßberger, Andres Felmy, Karl Christian Engel, Alexander Denzel, Markus A. Metz, Rainer Schennach, Martin Freudenberg, Matthias Olechowski, Thomas Lucassen, Jan Lucassen, Leo Bley, Helmut Meine, Sabine Simon, Thomas Kühner, Christian North, Michael Rasche, Ulrich Eisfeld, Jens Gestrich, Andreas Gryska, Peter Hofer, Sibylle Mohnhaupt, Heinz Marquardt, Bernd Bartels, Christoph Eisenberg, Christiane Pfister, Ulrich Windorf, Wiebke Hübner, Marita Kümmerle, Julian Mader, Eric-Oliver Stanitzek, Georg Tischer, Anuschka Mai, Ekkehard Müller, Jan-Dirk Ulbrich, Claudia Torp, Cornelius Neu, Tim Köster, Roman Albrecht, Christian Graf, Friedrich Wilhelm Bahlcke, Joachim Keiser, Thorsten Wodianka, Stephanie Matthias, Markus Schneider, Ute Greve, Ylva Klippel, Diethelm Walther, Gerrit Requate, Jörg Beck, Michael Weber, Alexander Schäufele, Wolf-Friedrich Dlugaiczyk, Martina Martin, Lucinda Rammer, Gerhard Steinle, Friedrich Weitensfelder, Hubert Rosenke, Stephan Zimmermann, Margarete Kosman, Admiel Mährle, Wolfgang Müller-Wille, Staffan Torres, Max Sebastián Hering Isenmann, Eberhard Albrecht, Stephan Miller, Jon Wohlleben, Doren Mörke, Olaf Rau, Susanne Berg, Sebastian Beuttler, Ulrich Pulte, Helmut Büttner, Nils Töpfer, Thomas Epple, Moritz Schneider, Konrad Gorißen, Stefan Christophersen, Alf Habermeyer, Helen Ohst, Martin Avenarius, Martin Ruppert, Stefan Schäfer, Frank L. Otto, Martin Zwanzger, Michael Pállinger, Zoltán Tibor Luig, Klaus Ellmers, Detlev Gerber, Stefan Schilling, Lothar Demel, Walter Wendebourg, Dorothea Schilling, Johannes Strohm, Christoph Null, Ashley Friedrich, Martin Bremer, Kai Talkner, Katharina Hecht, Christian Cordes, Harm Haußig, Hans-Michael Knopp, Katrin Simona Kolk, Caroline Zum Kühn, Sebastian Stauber, Reinhard Brendecke, Arndt Wendehorst, Stephan Kuhn, Thomas Konrad Hufeld, Ulrich Buschmann, Arno Winzen, Kristina Auer, Leopold Ortlieb, Eva Schnettger, Matthias Mally, Anton Karl Pelizaeus, Ludolf Brandt, Robert Liebmann, Edgar Ago, Renata Gareis, Iris Lafuente, Gloria Sanz König, Hans-Joachim Eggert, Marion Mathias, Regine Dharampal-Frick, Gita Martini, Marco Brenner, Peter J. Tresp, Uwe Pröve, Ralf Wallentin, Stefan Bergunder, Michael von Stuckrad, Kocku Whaley, Joachim Brockmann, Thomas de Mortanges, René Pahud Vogel, Lothar Beiderbeck, Friedrich Mulsow, Martin Großhans, Hans-Peter Kuße, Holger dem Knesebeek, Harald Wolter-von Warland, Rainer Strohmaier-Wiederanders, Gerlinde Rüther, Kirsten and Czapla, Ralf Georg 2009. Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit. p. 1.

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  • Print publication year: 2006
  • Online publication date: March 2008

6 - The Man of Science

from Part II - Personae and Sites of Natural Knowledge
Summary
Historically responsible treatment of the early modern man of science has to embrace a splitting impulse and resist temptations toward facile generalization. Early modern scientific work, of whatever version, was pursued within a range of traditionally established social roles. Unlike the role of the university scholar in general, the social role of the medical man strongly linked natural knowledge with practical interventions. Membership in a scientific society or academy therefore had no one stable significance for the identity of the seventeenth-century man of science, though eighteenth-century developments, and especially patterns emerging in France, did eventually make the academic role increasingly important for scientific identity. Medicine was therefore one important domain within which natural knowledge enjoyed well-established social authority and credibility. The gentlemanly conception of a new social role for the man of science was important in new practitioners' self-conceptions and in justifications of new intellectual practices.
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The Cambridge History of Science
  • Online ISBN: 9781139054010
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521572446
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