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    Whitt, Richard J. 2018. “And all this is spoken of the naturall byrth …”. English Text Construction, Vol. 11, Issue. 2, p. 226.

    Gage, Frances M. 2018. Encyclopedia of Renaissance Philosophy. p. 1.

    Dear, Peter 2009. Revolutionizing the Sciences. p. 47.

  • Print publication year: 2006
  • Online publication date: March 2008

18 - Medicine

from Part III - Dividing the Study of Nature
At the beginning of the sixteenth century, the science of physic consisted of both theoria and practica. The great eleventh-century Canon of Avicenna is remained as an especially fundamental and widely taught summary of physic. Medical Hellenists studied many subjects related to the foundations of the science of physic. The "autoptic imagination" that has been noticed from the mid-sixteenth century onward in the works of those who wrote of the New World had been present even longer among those who wrote of their medical experiences and observations. In Italy and a few other places, such as Montpellier and Leiden, surgery was included among the academic subjects taught, and throughout Europe surgeons were increasingly involved in learned medicine, even in promoting medical humanism. Philosophical materialism was also to be found among Italian philosophers who took up Averroist themes, such as Cesare Cremonini and Pietro Pomponazzi.
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