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    Feldhay, Rivka 2018. Emergence and Expansion of Pre-Classical Mechanics. Vol. 270, Issue. , p. 29.

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  • Print publication year: 2006
  • Online publication date: March 2008

14 - Sites of Military Science and Technology

from Part II - Personae and Sites of Natural Knowledge
Summary
By the middle of the thirteenth century, gunpowder had made its way to Western Europe from Asia, most likely from China, by intermediaries yet to be ascertained. Technological changes were also frequent during this early period of gunpowder weapon development. Some of the more traditional arms manufacturers, especially armorers, tried to keep pace with these gunpowder-related changes. However, at some locations an entirely new fortification system was constructed that was designed completely with an eye toward defense against gunpowder weapons. However, one group of intellectuals began to build on and tie their quest for patronage to the advent and proliferation of gunpowder weapons. The earliest of these intellectuals, from the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries, have most frequently been called "courtly engineers" by modern historians. Gunnery, the building of war machines, and the design of fortifications were prominent among what were known as the "mechanical arts", which included the practical disciplines that involved working with machines.
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The Cambridge History of Science
  • Online ISBN: 9781139054010
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521572446
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