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    Johnson, David 2015. The Book in Africa. p. 105.

  • Print publication year: 2011
  • Online publication date: July 2011

4 - War and Union, 1899–1910

The conflict that broke out on 10 October 1899, with the expiry of President Kruger's ultimatum to the British government, was South Africa's 'Great War'. South African union, on the imperial agenda since the failure of confederation in the1870s, was born in its ashes. If, at one level, it was a war about colonial self-determination, at another, it was also a war for the survival of a settler society, and about the credibility and international reputation of the British Empire, raising major moral issues of global importance. One of the most striking features of the war was the bitter hostility displayed by Afrikaner women toward the British forces. As demoralised and disheartened male combatants left the front line, placing the need for farmland families before the defence of the state, many militant women came to espouse an explicitly nationalist and republican rhetoric.
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The Cambridge History of South Africa
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Further Reading
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