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  • Print publication year: 1996
  • Online publication date: March 2008

7 - Native people and European settlers in eastern North America, 1600–1783

Summary
As the seventeenth century opened, the relationship between Native peoples and Europeans in North America east of the Mississippi had an established history but uncertain future. The turn of the seventeenth century marked the beginning of competition among European nations to colonize North America. While coastal Indians confronted the decline of commercial trade, Natives in the interior experienced its advent. The decade of the 1660s marked a shift in the situation of Indians throughout much of eastern North America. Escalations of European settlement, of Indian-European trade, and of Anglo-French imperial competition led many groups to adopt new diplomatic and military strategies. The most immediate Native reaction to the expulsion of France came from Ohio and Great Lakes Indians, already desperately alarmed over Amherst's policies. The responses of Indians to the outbreak of war between Great Britain and its mainland colonies south of Canada varied greatly, depending both on recent events and longer-standing ties.
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The Cambridge History of the Native Peoples of the Americas
  • Online ISBN: 9781139055550
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521573924
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