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  • Print publication year: 2013
  • Online publication date: December 2013

Part II - The history of music before history

  • Edited by Philip V. Bohlman, University of Chicago
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • pp 101-180
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The Cambridge History of World Music
  • Online ISBN: 9781139029476
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHO9781139029476
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Bibliography

I Inventories of writings in Arabic and Persian
Massoudieh, M. T. (1996) Manuscrits persans concernant la musique, RISM, B XII, Munich: Henle
Neubauer, E. (2002) ‘Arabic writings on music: Eighth to nineteenth centuries’, in V. Danielson, S. Marcus, and D. Reynolds (eds.), The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, vol. 6, The Middle East, New York: Routledge, pp. 374–82: ‘Editions of Arabic sources’
Shiloah, A. (1979/2003) The Theory of Music in Arabic Writings c. 900–1900. RISM, B X and B XA, 2 vols., Munich: Henle
II Arabic texts, translations and commentaries (in approximate chronological order)
[Euclid], Kitāb al-Qanūn, ed. and Ger. trans. with Greek original and commentary E. Neubauer as ‘Die Euklid zugeschriebene “Teilung des Kanon” in arabischer Übersetzung’, Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Arabisch-Islamischen Wissenschaften, 16 (2004–5): 309–85
Ḥunayn ibn Iṣhāq, Kitāb ’ādāb al-falāsifa, Heb. trans. Judah b. Solomon al-Ḥarīzī, musical passages in I. Adler (ed.), Hebrew Writings on Music, RISM B IX/2, Munich: Henle (1975), pp. 147–55; Heb. text and Eng. trans. E. Werner and I. Sonne, ‘The philosophy and theory of music in Judeo-Arabic literature’, Hebrew Union College Annual, 17 (1942–43): 514–32
Būlos/Paulos, Kitāb ‘Unṣur al-mūsīqī, facs. and Ger. trans. with commentary E. Kazemi, Die bewegte Seele: Das spätantike Buch über das Wesen der Musik, Publications of the Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science, The Science of Music in Islam, Frankfurt am Main: Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science, 5 (1999); commentary F. Rosenthal, ‘Two Graeco-Arabic works on music’, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 110, 4 (1966): 261–8
al-Kindī, Kitāb al-muṣawwitāt al-watariyya, in Z. Yūsuf (ed.), Mu’allafāt al-Kindī al-mūsīqiyya, Baghdad: Maṭba‘at Shafīq (1962), pp. 67–92; Eng. trans. of sections on rhythm with commentary in Sawa, Rhythmic Theories, pp. 80–93
al-Kindī, KitābRisāla fī khubr ṣinā‘at al-ta’līf, ed. and Eng. trans. Y. Shawqī, Cairo: Dār al-Kutub (1969); facs. with Eng. trans. C. Cowl, The Consort, 23 (1966): 129–66
al-KindīRisāla fī’l-luḥūn wa’l-nagham, ed. Z. Yūsuf, Baghdad: Maṭba‘at Shafīq (1965); Fr. trans. A. Shiloah, ‘Un ancien traité sur le ‘ūd d’Abū Yūsuf al-Kindī’, Israel Oriental Studies, 4 (1974): 179–205
al-KindīRisāla fī ajzā’ khabariyya fī’l-mūsīqī, facs. and ed. M. A. al-Ḥifnī, Cairo: Maṭba‘at al-Amīn (n.d.); Eng. trans. H. G. Farmer, Transactions of the Glasgow University Oriental Society, 16 (1957), 29–38; repr. in H. G. Farmer, Studies in Oriental Music (see below), pp. 443–52
Ibn al-Munajjim, Kitāb al-nagham, facs. in E. Neubauer, Arabische Musiktheorie, pp. 113–26, with Ger. trans. and commentary, pp. 88–111 (repr. from Zeitschrift für die Geschichte der Arabisch-Islamischen Wissenschaften, 10 [1995–96], 300–23); commentary O. Wright, ‘Ibn al-Munajjim and the early Arabian modes’, Galpin Society Journal, 19 (1966): 27–48
Ibn ‘Abd Rabbih, Kitāb al-‘iqd al-farīd, ed. A. Amīnet al. Cairo: Lajnat al-Ta’līf wa’l-Tarjama wa’l-Nashr, ch. on music vi (1949), pp. 3–81; Eng. trans. H. G. Farmer, Music: The Priceless Jewel, Bearsden: The author (1942); repr. in Farmer, Studies in Oriental Music (see below), pp. 5–33
al-Fārābī, Kitāb al-mūsīqī al-kabīr, ed. Gh. ‘Abd al-Malik Khashaba and M. A. al-Hifnī, Cairo: Dar al-Kātib al-‘Arabī (1967); facs. of ms. 953, Köprülü Library, Istanbul, Publications of the Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science, The Science of Music in Islam, Series C, 61, Frankfurt am Main: Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science (1998); Fr. trans. R. d’Erlanger, La musique arabe, i and ii, Paris: P. Geuthner (1930 and 1935); Eng. trans. of chs. on rhythm with commentary in Sawa, Rhythmic Theories, pp. 120–235
al-FārābīKitāb al-īqā‘, facs. in E. Neubauer, Arabische Musiktheorie (see below), pp. 165–84, with Ger. trans. and commentary, pp. 128–64 (repr. from Oriens, 21–2 [1968–69], 196–232); Eng. trans. with commentary in Sawa, Rhythmic Theories, pp. 236–315
al-FārābīKitāb iḥṣā‘al-īqā‘, facs. in E. Neubauer, Arabische Musiktheorie, pp. 257–310, with Ger. trans. and commentary, pp. 185–255 (repr. from Oriens, 34 [1994], 103–73); Eng. trans. with commentary in Sawa, Rhythmic Theories, pp. 316–420
al-FārābīRisāla fī qawānīn ṣina‘at al-shi‘r, ed. and Eng. trans. A. J. Arberry, Rivista degli studi orientali, 17 (1935): 266–78; Eng. trans. V. Cantarino, Arabic Poetics in the Golden Age, Studies in Arabic Literature, 4, Leiden: Brill, 1975, pp. 110–16
al-Iṣbahāni, Kitāb al-aghānī, Cairo: Tab’ah Khāssah Tusdiruhā Dār al-Sha‘b, 1969–82, 31 vols.; Ger. trans. of excerpts G. Rotter, Und der Kalif beschenkte ihn reichlich: Auszüge aus dem “Buch der Lieder”, Tübingen: H. Erdmann (1977)
Ikhwān as-Ṣāfā‘, Rasā’il, ed. Kh. ad-Dīn Ziriklī, Cairo: al-Maṭba‘at al-Arabīya (1928), i, 132–80; Eng. trans. A. Shiloah as The Epistle on Music of the Ikhwān al-Sāfā’, Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University (1978)
al-Khwārizmī, Mafātīḥ al-‘ulūm, ed. G. van Vloten, Leiden: Brill (1895), chap. on music, pp. 235–46; Eng. trans. H. G. Farmer, ‘The science of music in the Mafātīh al-‘ulūm’, Transactions of the Glasgow University Oriental Society, 17 (1957–58), 1–9; repr. in Farmer, Studies in Oriental Music (see below), pp. 453–61
al-Ḥasan ibn Aḥmad ibn ‘Ali al-Kātib, Kitāb kamāl adab al-ghinā‘, ed. M. A. al-Ḥifnī and Gh. ‘Abd al-Malik Khashabah, Cairo: al-Hay’at al-Misriyat al-Āmma li ‘l-Kitāb (1975); Fr. trans. with commentary A. Shiloah as La perfection des connaissances musicales, Paris: P. Geuthner (1972)
Avicenna [Ibn Sīnā], Kitāb al-Shifā’, I, al-Mantiq, 9, al-Shi’r, ed. A. Badawī, Cairo: al-Dār al-Misriyyah li al-Ta’līf wa ‘t-Tarjamah (1966); Eng. trans. I. M. Dahiyat, Avicenna’s Commentary on the Poetics of Aristotle, Leiden: Brill (1974)
Avicenna [Ibn Sīnā], Kitāb al-Shifā’, III, ar-Riyaziyāt, 3, Jawāmi‘ ‘ilm al-mūsiqā, ed. Z. Yūsuf with A. F. Al-Ahwani and M. A. Al-Ḥifni, Cairo: Imprimerie Nationale (1956); Fr. trans. R. d’Erlanger, La musique arabe, ii, Paris: P. Geuthner, (1935), pp. 103–245
Avicenna [Ibn Sīnā], Kitāb al-Najāt, ch. on music ed. and Ger. trans. with commentary, M. El Hefny, Ibn Sina’s Musiklehre, Berlin: Otto Hellwig (1931)
Ibn al-Ṭaḥḥān, Hāwī al-Funūn wa salwat al-maḥzūn., facs. of funūn 539, Dar al-Kitāb, Cairo, Publications of the Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science, The Science of Music in Islam, Series C, 52, Frankfurt am Main: Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science (1990)
al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid, Ihyā’ ‘ulūm al-dīn, Cairo: Mu‘assasat al-Halabī (1967–68), vol. ii (1967), pp. 342–90; Eng. trans. of chs. on samā‘ D. B. MacDonald, ‘Emotional religion in Islam’, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (1901), 195–252, 705–48; (1902), 1–28
al-Tifāshi, Mut‘at al-asmā‘ fī ‘ilm as-samā‘, chs. 10–11, ed. M. ibn Tāwīt al-Tanjī, Majallat al-Abhāth 21 (1968): 93–116; Eng. trans. B. M. Liu and J. T. Monroe, Ten Hispano-Arabic Strophic Songs in the Modern Oral Tradition, Berkeley: University of California Press (1989), pp. 35–44
Ṣafī al-Dīn al-Urmawī, Kitāb al-adwār, facs. of ms.3653, Nuruosmania Library, Istanbul, Publications of the Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science, The Science of Music in Islam, Series C, 6, Frankfurt am Main: Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science, (1984); ed. Gh. ‘Abd al-Malik Khashabah and M. A. al-Ḥifnī, Cairo: al-Hay’a al-Miṣriyya al-‘Āmma li-‘l-Kitāb (1986); Fr. trans. within an extended commentary R. d’Erlanger, La musique arabe, vol. 3, Paris: P. Geuthner, (1938), pp. 183–566
Safī al-Dīn al-UrmawīAr-Risāla al-Sharafiyya, facs. of ms. A 3460, Topkapı Saray Library, Istanbul, Publications of the Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science, The Science of Music in Islam, Series C, 6, Frankfurt am Main: Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science, (1984); Fr. trans. R. d’Erlanger, La musique arabe, vol. 3, Paris: P. Geuthner, (1938), pp. 1–182
Ibn al-Khaṭīb al-Irbilī, Jawāhir al-nizām fī ma‘rifat al-anghām, ed. ‘Abbās al-‘Azzāwī in Al-Mūsīqā al-’irāqiyya fī ‘ahd al-mughūl,Baghdad: Shirkat al-Tijāra wa ‘l-Ṭibā’a al-Maḥdūda, pp. 106–13
Ibn al-Akfānī, Irshād al-qāṣid, section on music, ed. and Fr. trans. A. Shiloah, ‘Deux textes arabes inédits sur la musique’, Yuval, 1 (1969): 236–48
Ibn al-AkfānīAl-Durr al-naẓīm fī aḥwāl al-‘ulūm wa’l-ta‘līm, section on music, ed. and Fr. trans. A. Shiloah, ‘Deux textes arabes inédits sur la musique’, Yuval, 1 (1969): 236–48
Ibn Faḍlallāh al-‘Umarī, Masālik al-abṣār fī mamīlik al-amṣār, Frankfurt: Publications of the Institute for Arabic-Islamic Science, Series C, 46 (1988), vol. 10
Ibn Khaldūn, Muqaddimah, ed. Y. A. Dāghir, Tarikh al-allāma Ibn Khaldūn, vol. 1, 2nd edn, Beirut: Dār al-Kitāb al-Lubnanī (1961), pp. 758–67 (singing), 1097–110 (poetry); Eng. trans. F. Rosenthal, 2nd edn, 3 vols., Princeton University Press (1967), vol. 2, 395–405 (singing); vol. 3, 373–91 (poetry)
al-Shirwānī, Majallah fī‘l-mūsīqī, facs. of ms.3449, Ahmet III Collection, Topkapı Saray Library, Istanbul, Publications of the Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science, The Science of Music in Islam, Series C, 29, Frankfurt am Main: Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science, (1986); Fr. trans. of a longer version R. d’Erlanger, La musique arabe, vol. 4, Paris: P. Geuthner (1939), pp. 1–255
al-Lādhiqī, Risāla al-fathīyah, Kuwait: al-Majlis al-Watanī, 1986; Fr. trans. R. d’Erlanger, La musique arabe, vol. 4, Paris: P. Geuthner (1939), pp. 257–498
III Persian texts, translations and commentaries (in approximate chronological order)
Ebn Sinā, Dānesh-nāme ‘alā’i, chap. on music, in T. Binesh (ed.), Seh risāle fārsi dar musiqi, Tehran: Iran University Press (1992), pp. 3–29; Fr. trans. M. Achena and H. Massé in Le livre de science, Paris, (1955–8), vol. 2, pp. 217–39
al-Ghazali, Abu Ḥamid, Kimiyā-ye sa‘ādat, ed. M. ‘Abbāsi, Tehran: Ṭolu‘ va Zarrin; Eng. trans. of chap. on music by Muḥammad Nur Abdus Salam, Al-Ghazzali on Listening to Music, Chicago: Kazi (2002)
Onṣor al-Ma‘āli Keykāvus ebn Eskandar ebn Qābus ebn Voshmgir, Qābus-nāme, ed. Gh. H. Yusofi, Tehran: Enteshārāt-e ‘Elmi va Farhangi (1994), pp. 193–7 (chap. on music); Eng. trans. by R. Levy, A Mirror for Princes, New York: E. P. Dutton (1951), pp. 186–90
Neyshāburi, Moḥammad, Risāle mūsīqī, ed. with commentary A. H. Pourjavādy, Ma‘āref 12, 1–2 (1995): 32–70
Rāzi, Fakhr al-Din, Jāme‘ al-‘olum, chap. on music ed. with commentary, A. H. Pourjavādy, Ma‘āref 10, 2–3 (1994): 88–110
[Hasan Kāshāni, attr.] Kanz al-Tuḥaf, ed. T. Binesh in Seh risāle fārsi dar musiqi, Tehran: Iran University Press, 1992, pp. 55–128
Qotb al-Din Shirāzi, Dorrat al-tāj: music section in vol. 2, ed. S. H. Mashkān Tabasi and N. Taqvā, Tehran: Chapkhāneh Majles, 1945, part 4 (paginated separately)
ibn Gheybī al-Marāghī, ‘Abd al-Qāder, Jāme‘ al-alhān, ed. T. Bābak Khazrā’i, Tehran: Iranian Academy of Arts, 2009
ibn Gheybī al-Marāghī, ‘Abd al-Qāder,,Maqāsed al-alhān, ed. T. Binesh, 2nd ed., Persian Texts Series, 26, Tehran: Bongāh-e Tarjome va Nashr Ketāb (1977)
ibn Gheybī al-Marāghī, ‘Abd al-Qāder,,Shahr-e Adwār, ed. T. Binesh, Tehran: Iran University Press (1991)
‘Abdorraḥmān Jāmi, Risāle musiqi, in Bahāristān va rasā‘el-e Jāmi, Tehran: Mirās-e Maktub, pp. 193–220
‘Ali ebn Moḥammad al-Me‘mār al-Banā’ī, Risāle dar musiqi, facs. of ms. dated 1484, Tehran: Iran University Press, 1988
IV Secondary literature
Adler, I. (ed.) (1975) Hebrew Writings on Music, RISM B ix/2, Munich: Henle
Barker, A. (ed. and trans.) (1989) Greek Musical Writings, ii, Harmonic and Acoustic Theory, Cambridge University Press
Braune, G. (1990) ‘Puls und Musik: Die Wirkung der griechische Antike in arabische medizinische und musikalische Traktaten’, Jahrbuch für musikalische Volks- und Völkerkunde, 14: 52–67
Endress, G. (1990) ‘Der arabische Aristoteles und die Einheit der Wissenschaften im Islam’, in H. Balmer and B. Glaus (eds.), Die Blütezeit der arabischen Wissenschaft, Zurich: Verlag der Fachvereine, pp. 3–39
Farmer, H. G. (1929) A History of Arabian Music to the XIIIth Century, London: Luzac
Farmer, H. G. (1997) Studies in Oriental Music. 2 vols. Publications of the Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science: The Science of Music in Islam, 1–2, Frankfurt am Main: Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science
al-Faruqi, L. I. (1981) An Annotated Glossary of Arabic Musical Terms, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press
Gutas, D. (1998) Greek Thought, Arabic Culture: The Graeco-Arabic Translation Movement in Baghdad and Early ‘Abbāsid Society (2nd–4th/8th–10th Centuries), Abingdon and New York: Routledge
Haas, M. (1989) ‘Antikenrezeption in der arabischen Musiklehre: Al-Fārābī über musikalische Fantasie’, in W. Erzgräber (ed.), Kontinuität und Transformation der Antike ins Mittelalter: Veröffentlichungen der Kongressakten zum Freiburger Symposium des Mediävistenverbandes, Sigmaringen: J. Thorbecke, pp. 261–9
Haas, M. (1984) ‘Griechische Musiktheorie in arabischen, hebräischen und syrischen Zeugnissen’, in T. Ertelt, H. von Loesch, and F. Zaminer (ed.), Geschichte der Musiktheorie, vol. 2, Vom Mythos zur Fachdisziplin: Antike und Byzanz, Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, pp. 635–716
Haas, M. (1995) ‘Modus als Skala – Modus als Modellmelodie: Ein Problem musikalischer Überlieferung in der Zeit vor den ersten notierten Quellen’, in J. Raasted and C. Troelsgård (eds.), Paleobyzantine Notations: A Reconsideration of the Source Material, Hernen, The Netherlands: Bredius Stiftung, pp. 11–32
Heinrichs, W. (1978) ‘Die antike Verknüpfung von Phantasia und Dichtung bei den Arabern’, Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, 128: 252–98
Jeffery, P. (2001) ‘Oktōēchos’, in S. Sadie (ed.), The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, vol. 18, London: Macmillan, pp. 370–3
Kemal, S. (1991) The Poetics of Alfarabi and Avicenna, Islamic Philosophy, Theology and Science: Texts and Studies, 9, Leiden: E. J. Brill
Kirkpatrick, H. (2003) Making the Great Book of Songs, London: Routledge Curzon
Manik, L. (1969) Das arabische Tonsystem im Mittelalter, Leiden: E. J. Brill
Mathiesen, T. J. (2002) ‘Greek music theory’, in T. Christensen (ed.), The Cambridge History of Western Music Theory, Cambridge University Press, pp. 125–7
Neubauer, E. (1994) ‘Die acht “Wege” der arabischen Musiklehre und der Oktoechos’, Zeitschrift für Geschichte der arabisch-islamischen Wissenschaften, 9: 373–414
Neubauer, E. (1995–96) ‘Al-Ḫalīl ibn Ahmad und die Frühgeschichte der arabischen Lehre von den “Tönen” und den musikalischen Metren’, Zeitschrift für Geschichte der arabisch-islamischen Wissenschaften, 10: 255–323
Neubauer, E. (1997) ‘Zur Bedeutung der Begriffe Komponist und Komposition in der Musikgeschichte der islamischen Welt’, Zeitschrift für Geschichte der arabisch-islamischen Wissenschaften, 11: 307–63
Neubauer, E. (1998) Arabische Musiktheorie von den Anfängen bis zum 6./12. Jahrhundert: Studien, Übersetzungen und Texte in Faksimile, Publications of the Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science: The Science of Music in Islam, 3, Frankfurt am Main: Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science
Peters, F. E. (1968) Aristotle and the Arabs: The Aristotelian Tradition in Islam, New York University Studies in Near Eastern Civilizations, 1, New York University Press
Reinert, B. (1990) ‘Die arabische Musiktheorie zwischen autochthoner Tradition und griechischem Erbe’, in H. Balmer and B. Glaus (eds.), Die Blütezeit der arabischen Wissenshaft, Zurich: Verlag der Fachvereine, pp. 79–108
Rosenthal, F. (1956) ‘From Arabic Books and Manuscripts VI: Istanbul Materials for al-Kindî and as-Saraḫsî’, Journal of the American Oriental Society, 76: 27–31
Sawa, G. D. (2004) ‘Baghdadi rhythmic theories and practices in twelfth-century Andalusia’, in J. Haines and R. Rosenfeld (eds.), Music and Medieval Manuscripts: Paleography and Performance, Aldershot: Ashgate, pp. 151–81
Sawa, G. D. (1989) Music Performance Practice in the Early ‘Abbāsid Era 132–320 A.H./750–932 A.D., Toronto: Institute of Mediaeval Studies
Sawa, G. D. (2002) ‘Theories of rhythm and meter in the Medieval Middle East’ and ‘Classification of musical instruments in the Medieval Middle East’, in V. Danielson, S. Marcus and D. Reynolds (eds.), The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, vol. 6, The Middle East, New York: Routledge, pp. 387–93 and 395–99
Sawa, G. D. (2009) Rhythmic Theories and Practices in Arabic Writings to 339AH/950CE: Annotated Translations and Commentaries, Musicological Studies 93, Ottawa: Institute of Mediaeval Music
Shehadi, F. A. (1995) Philosophies of Music in Medieval Islam, Brill’s Studies in Intellectual History, 67, Leiden: Brill
Shehadi, F. A. (1999) ‘The influence of philosophy on music theory and performance in medieval Islam’, in C. Asmuth, G. Scholtz, and F.-B. Stammkötter (eds.), Philosophischer Gedanke und musikalischer Klang: Zum Wechselverhältnis von Musik und Philosophie, Frankfurt am Main and New York: Campus Verlag, pp. 69–77
Shiloah, A. (1981) ‘The Arabic concept of mode’, Journal of the American Musicological Society, 34: 19–42
Shiloah, A. (1990) ‘Techniques of scholarship in medieval Arabic treatises’, in A. Barbera (ed.), Music Theory and Its Sources: Antiquity and the Middle Ages, South Bend, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, pp. 85–99
Shiloah, A. (1993) The Dimension of Music in Islamic and Jewish Culture, Variorum, Collected Studies Series, 393, Aldershot: Variorum
Shiloah, A. (1995) Music in the World of Islam: A Socio-Cultural Study. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press
Shiloah, A. (2007) Music and Its Virtues in Islamic and Jewish Writings, Collected Studies Series, 875, Aldershot: Ashgate
Treitler, L. (ed.) (1998) Source Readings in Music History, New York: W. W. Norton
Ullmann, M. (1979) Wa-hairu l-hadītī mā kānā laḥnan, Sitzungsberichte der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Philosophisch-historische Klasse, 9
Werner, E., and I. Sonne (1941) ‘The philosophy and theory of music in Judeo-Arabic literature’, Hebrew Union College Annual, 16: 251–319; 17: (1942–43), 511–73
Wright, O. (1978) The Modal System of Arab and Persian Music, A.D. 1250–1300, Oxford University Press
Wright, O. (1983) ‘Music and poetry’, in A. F. L. Beestonet al. (eds.) Arabic Literature to the End of the Umayyad Period, Cambridge University Press, pp. 433–59
Wright, O. (1992) ‘Music in Muslim Spain’, in S. K. Jayyūsi (eds.), The Legacy of Muslim Spain, Leiden: E. J. Brill, pp. 555–79

I Inventories of writings in Arabic and Persian

Massoudieh, M. T. (1996) Manuscrits persans concernant la musique, RISM, B XII, Munich: Henle
Neubauer, E. (2002) ‘Arabic writings on music: Eighth to nineteenth centuries’, in V. Danielson, S. Marcus, and D. Reynolds (eds.), The Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, vol. 6, The Middle East, New York: Routledge, pp. 374–82: ‘Editions of Arabic sources’
Shiloah, A. (1979/2003) The Theory of Music in Arabic Writings c. 900–1900. RISM, B X and B XA, 2 vols., Munich: Henle

II Arabic texts, translations and commentaries (in approximate chronological order)

[Euclid], Kitāb al-Qanūn, ed. and Ger. trans. with Greek original and commentary E. Neubauer as ‘Die Euklid zugeschriebene “Teilung des Kanon” in arabischer Übersetzung’, Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Arabisch-Islamischen Wissenschaften, 16 (2004–5): 309–85
Ḥunayn ibn Iṣhāq, Kitāb ’ādāb al-falāsifa, Heb. trans. Judah b. Solomon al-Ḥarīzī, musical passages in I. Adler (ed.), Hebrew Writings on Music, RISM B IX/2, Munich: Henle (1975), pp. 147–55; Heb. text and Eng. trans. E. Werner and I. Sonne, ‘The philosophy and theory of music in Judeo-Arabic literature’, Hebrew Union College Annual, 17 (1942–43): 514–32
Būlos/Paulos, Kitāb ‘Unṣur al-mūsīqī, facs. and Ger. trans. with commentary E. Kazemi, Die bewegte Seele: Das spätantike Buch über das Wesen der Musik, Publications of the Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science, The Science of Music in Islam, Frankfurt am Main: Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science, 5 (1999); commentary F. Rosenthal, ‘Two Graeco-Arabic works on music’, Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 110, 4 (1966): 261–8
al-Kindī, Kitāb al-muṣawwitāt al-watariyya, in Z. Yūsuf (ed.), Mu’allafāt al-Kindī al-mūsīqiyya, Baghdad: Maṭba‘at Shafīq (1962), pp. 67–92; Eng. trans. of sections on rhythm with commentary in Sawa, Rhythmic Theories, pp. 80–93
al-Kindī, KitābRisāla fī khubr ṣinā‘at al-ta’līf, ed. and Eng. trans. Y. Shawqī, Cairo: Dār al-Kutub (1969); facs. with Eng. trans. C. Cowl, The Consort, 23 (1966): 129–66
al-KindīRisāla fī’l-luḥūn wa’l-nagham, ed. Z. Yūsuf, Baghdad: Maṭba‘at Shafīq (1965); Fr. trans. A. Shiloah, ‘Un ancien traité sur le ‘ūd d’Abū Yūsuf al-Kindī’, Israel Oriental Studies, 4 (1974): 179–205
al-KindīRisāla fī ajzā’ khabariyya fī’l-mūsīqī, facs. and ed. M. A. al-Ḥifnī, Cairo: Maṭba‘at al-Amīn (n.d.); Eng. trans. H. G. Farmer, Transactions of the Glasgow University Oriental Society, 16 (1957), 29–38; repr. in H. G. Farmer, Studies in Oriental Music (see below), pp. 443–52
Ibn al-Munajjim, Kitāb al-nagham, facs. in E. Neubauer, Arabische Musiktheorie, pp. 113–26, with Ger. trans. and commentary, pp. 88–111 (repr. from Zeitschrift für die Geschichte der Arabisch-Islamischen Wissenschaften, 10 [1995–96], 300–23); commentary O. Wright, ‘Ibn al-Munajjim and the early Arabian modes’, Galpin Society Journal, 19 (1966): 27–48
Ibn ‘Abd Rabbih, Kitāb al-‘iqd al-farīd, ed. A. Amīnet al. Cairo: Lajnat al-Ta’līf wa’l-Tarjama wa’l-Nashr, ch. on music vi (1949), pp. 3–81; Eng. trans. H. G. Farmer, Music: The Priceless Jewel, Bearsden: The author (1942); repr. in Farmer, Studies in Oriental Music (see below), pp. 5–33
al-Fārābī, Kitāb al-mūsīqī al-kabīr, ed. Gh. ‘Abd al-Malik Khashaba and M. A. al-Hifnī, Cairo: Dar al-Kātib al-‘Arabī (1967); facs. of ms. 953, Köprülü Library, Istanbul, Publications of the Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science, The Science of Music in Islam, Series C, 61, Frankfurt am Main: Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science (1998); Fr. trans. R. d’Erlanger, La musique arabe, i and ii, Paris: P. Geuthner (1930 and 1935); Eng. trans. of chs. on rhythm with commentary in Sawa, Rhythmic Theories, pp. 120–235
al-FārābīKitāb al-īqā‘, facs. in E. Neubauer, Arabische Musiktheorie (see below), pp. 165–84, with Ger. trans. and commentary, pp. 128–64 (repr. from Oriens, 21–2 [1968–69], 196–232); Eng. trans. with commentary in Sawa, Rhythmic Theories, pp. 236–315
al-FārābīKitāb iḥṣā‘al-īqā‘, facs. in E. Neubauer, Arabische Musiktheorie, pp. 257–310, with Ger. trans. and commentary, pp. 185–255 (repr. from Oriens, 34 [1994], 103–73); Eng. trans. with commentary in Sawa, Rhythmic Theories, pp. 316–420
al-FārābīRisāla fī qawānīn ṣina‘at al-shi‘r, ed. and Eng. trans. A. J. Arberry, Rivista degli studi orientali, 17 (1935): 266–78; Eng. trans. V. Cantarino, Arabic Poetics in the Golden Age, Studies in Arabic Literature, 4, Leiden: Brill, 1975, pp. 110–16
al-Iṣbahāni, Kitāb al-aghānī, Cairo: Tab’ah Khāssah Tusdiruhā Dār al-Sha‘b, 1969–82, 31 vols.; Ger. trans. of excerpts G. Rotter, Und der Kalif beschenkte ihn reichlich: Auszüge aus dem “Buch der Lieder”, Tübingen: H. Erdmann (1977)
Ikhwān as-Ṣāfā‘, Rasā’il, ed. Kh. ad-Dīn Ziriklī, Cairo: al-Maṭba‘at al-Arabīya (1928), i, 132–80; Eng. trans. A. Shiloah as The Epistle on Music of the Ikhwān al-Sāfā’, Tel Aviv: Tel Aviv University (1978)
al-Khwārizmī, Mafātīḥ al-‘ulūm, ed. G. van Vloten, Leiden: Brill (1895), chap. on music, pp. 235–46; Eng. trans. H. G. Farmer, ‘The science of music in the Mafātīh al-‘ulūm’, Transactions of the Glasgow University Oriental Society, 17 (1957–58), 1–9; repr. in Farmer, Studies in Oriental Music (see below), pp. 453–61
al-Ḥasan ibn Aḥmad ibn ‘Ali al-Kātib, Kitāb kamāl adab al-ghinā‘, ed. M. A. al-Ḥifnī and Gh. ‘Abd al-Malik Khashabah, Cairo: al-Hay’at al-Misriyat al-Āmma li ‘l-Kitāb (1975); Fr. trans. with commentary A. Shiloah as La perfection des connaissances musicales, Paris: P. Geuthner (1972)
Avicenna [Ibn Sīnā], Kitāb al-Shifā’, I, al-Mantiq, 9, al-Shi’r, ed. A. Badawī, Cairo: al-Dār al-Misriyyah li al-Ta’līf wa ‘t-Tarjamah (1966); Eng. trans. I. M. Dahiyat, Avicenna’s Commentary on the Poetics of Aristotle, Leiden: Brill (1974)
Avicenna [Ibn Sīnā], Kitāb al-Shifā’, III, ar-Riyaziyāt, 3, Jawāmi‘ ‘ilm al-mūsiqā, ed. Z. Yūsuf with A. F. Al-Ahwani and M. A. Al-Ḥifni, Cairo: Imprimerie Nationale (1956); Fr. trans. R. d’Erlanger, La musique arabe, ii, Paris: P. Geuthner, (1935), pp. 103–245
Avicenna [Ibn Sīnā], Kitāb al-Najāt, ch. on music ed. and Ger. trans. with commentary, M. El Hefny, Ibn Sina’s Musiklehre, Berlin: Otto Hellwig (1931)
Ibn al-Ṭaḥḥān, Hāwī al-Funūn wa salwat al-maḥzūn., facs. of funūn 539, Dar al-Kitāb, Cairo, Publications of the Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science, The Science of Music in Islam, Series C, 52, Frankfurt am Main: Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science (1990)
al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid, Ihyā’ ‘ulūm al-dīn, Cairo: Mu‘assasat al-Halabī (1967–68), vol. ii (1967), pp. 342–90; Eng. trans. of chs. on samā‘ D. B. MacDonald, ‘Emotional religion in Islam’, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (1901), 195–252, 705–48; (1902), 1–28
al-Tifāshi, Mut‘at al-asmā‘ fī ‘ilm as-samā‘, chs. 10–11, ed. M. ibn Tāwīt al-Tanjī, Majallat al-Abhāth 21 (1968): 93–116; Eng. trans. B. M. Liu and J. T. Monroe, Ten Hispano-Arabic Strophic Songs in the Modern Oral Tradition, Berkeley: University of California Press (1989), pp. 35–44
Ṣafī al-Dīn al-Urmawī, Kitāb al-adwār, facs. of ms.3653, Nuruosmania Library, Istanbul, Publications of the Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science, The Science of Music in Islam, Series C, 6, Frankfurt am Main: Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science, (1984); ed. Gh. ‘Abd al-Malik Khashabah and M. A. al-Ḥifnī, Cairo: al-Hay’a al-Miṣriyya al-‘Āmma li-‘l-Kitāb (1986); Fr. trans. within an extended commentary R. d’Erlanger, La musique arabe, vol. 3, Paris: P. Geuthner, (1938), pp. 183–566
Safī al-Dīn al-UrmawīAr-Risāla al-Sharafiyya, facs. of ms. A 3460, Topkapı Saray Library, Istanbul, Publications of the Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science, The Science of Music in Islam, Series C, 6, Frankfurt am Main: Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science, (1984); Fr. trans. R. d’Erlanger, La musique arabe, vol. 3, Paris: P. Geuthner, (1938), pp. 1–182
Ibn al-Khaṭīb al-Irbilī, Jawāhir al-nizām fī ma‘rifat al-anghām, ed. ‘Abbās al-‘Azzāwī in Al-Mūsīqā al-’irāqiyya fī ‘ahd al-mughūl,Baghdad: Shirkat al-Tijāra wa ‘l-Ṭibā’a al-Maḥdūda, pp. 106–13
Ibn al-Akfānī, Irshād al-qāṣid, section on music, ed. and Fr. trans. A. Shiloah, ‘Deux textes arabes inédits sur la musique’, Yuval, 1 (1969): 236–48
Ibn al-AkfānīAl-Durr al-naẓīm fī aḥwāl al-‘ulūm wa’l-ta‘līm, section on music, ed. and Fr. trans. A. Shiloah, ‘Deux textes arabes inédits sur la musique’, Yuval, 1 (1969): 236–48
Ibn Faḍlallāh al-‘Umarī, Masālik al-abṣār fī mamīlik al-amṣār, Frankfurt: Publications of the Institute for Arabic-Islamic Science, Series C, 46 (1988), vol. 10
Ibn Khaldūn, Muqaddimah, ed. Y. A. Dāghir, Tarikh al-allāma Ibn Khaldūn, vol. 1, 2nd edn, Beirut: Dār al-Kitāb al-Lubnanī (1961), pp. 758–67 (singing), 1097–110 (poetry); Eng. trans. F. Rosenthal, 2nd edn, 3 vols., Princeton University Press (1967), vol. 2, 395–405 (singing); vol. 3, 373–91 (poetry)
al-Shirwānī, Majallah fī‘l-mūsīqī, facs. of ms.3449, Ahmet III Collection, Topkapı Saray Library, Istanbul, Publications of the Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science, The Science of Music in Islam, Series C, 29, Frankfurt am Main: Institute for the History of Arabic-Islamic Science, (1986); Fr. trans. of a longer version R. d’Erlanger, La musique arabe, vol. 4, Paris: P. Geuthner (1939), pp. 1–255
al-Lādhiqī, Risāla al-fathīyah, Kuwait: al-Majlis al-Watanī, 1986; Fr. trans. R. d’Erlanger, La musique arabe, vol. 4, Paris: P. Geuthner (1939), pp. 257–498

III Persian texts, translations and commentaries (in approximate chronological order)

Ebn Sinā, Dānesh-nāme ‘alā’i, chap. on music, in T. Binesh (ed.), Seh risāle fārsi dar musiqi, Tehran: Iran University Press (1992), pp. 3–29; Fr. trans. M. Achena and H. Massé in Le livre de science, Paris, (1955–8), vol. 2, pp. 217–39
al-Ghazali, Abu Ḥamid, Kimiyā-ye sa‘ādat, ed. M. ‘Abbāsi, Tehran: Ṭolu‘ va Zarrin; Eng. trans. of chap. on music by Muḥammad Nur Abdus Salam, Al-Ghazzali on Listening to Music, Chicago: Kazi (2002)
Onṣor al-Ma‘āli Keykāvus ebn Eskandar ebn Qābus ebn Voshmgir, Qābus-nāme, ed. Gh. H. Yusofi, Tehran: Enteshārāt-e ‘Elmi va Farhangi (1994), pp. 193–7 (chap. on music); Eng. trans. by R. Levy, A Mirror for Princes, New York: E. P. Dutton (1951), pp. 186–90
Neyshāburi, Moḥammad, Risāle mūsīqī, ed. with commentary A. H. Pourjavādy, Ma‘āref 12, 1–2 (1995): 32–70
Rāzi, Fakhr al-Din, Jāme‘ al-‘olum, chap. on music ed. with commentary, A. H. Pourjavādy, Ma‘āref 10, 2–3 (1994): 88–110
[Hasan Kāshāni, attr.] Kanz al-Tuḥaf, ed. T. Binesh in Seh risāle fārsi dar musiqi, Tehran: Iran University Press, 1992, pp. 55–128
Qotb al-Din Shirāzi, Dorrat al-tāj: music section in vol. 2, ed. S. H. Mashkān Tabasi and N. Taqvā, Tehran: Chapkhāneh Majles, 1945, part 4 (paginated separately)
ibn Gheybī al-Marāghī, ‘Abd al-Qāder, Jāme‘ al-alhān, ed. T. Bābak Khazrā’i, Tehran: Iranian Academy of Arts, 2009
ibn Gheybī al-Marāghī, ‘Abd al-Qāder,,Maqāsed al-alhān, ed. T. Binesh, 2nd ed., Persian Texts Series, 26, Tehran: Bongāh-e Tarjome va Nashr Ketāb (1977)
ibn Gheybī al-Marāghī, ‘Abd al-Qāder,,Shahr-e Adwār, ed. T. Binesh, Tehran: Iran University Press (1991)
‘Abdorraḥmān Jāmi, Risāle musiqi, in Bahāristān va rasā‘el-e Jāmi, Tehran: Mirās-e Maktub, pp. 193–220
‘Ali ebn Moḥammad al-Me‘mār al-Banā’ī, Risāle dar musiqi, facs. of ms. dated 1484, Tehran: Iran University Press, 1988

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