Skip to main content
×
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2000
  • Online publication date: March 2008

2(d) - England: Midlands

from Part I - Area surveys 1540–1840
Summary
The West Midlands displayed few signs of unusual wealth in the later middle ages, but many of the wool-producing East Midland counties figure among the more prosperous parts of fourteenth-century England. Most of the major routes between London and the northern and western provinces ran through the Midlands, creating an overland communication network of great importance, especially as the largest market for Midland products lay in London. Levels of urbanisation in the Midlands were probably low in the late medieval period. The counties of Derby and Lincoln appear to have had the thinnest urban populations and Warwick and Worcester the densest, with over double the level shown in the east. Urban growth involved the development of new towns. More new towns were created by communication developments and industry. Lincolnshire was poor, thinly inhabited and an isolated backwater before the later eighteenth-century improvements in communications brought it more firmly into the Midland economy, with some impressive industrial growth in several towns.
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Cambridge Urban History of Britain
  • Online ISBN: 9781139053419
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521431415
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
×
Adey, K. R., ‘Seventeenth century Stafford: a county town in decline’, Midland History, 2 (1974) 66.
Berger, R. M., The Most Necessary Luxuries (Philadelphia, 1993), p., quoting a Coventry corporation petition of the mid-1630s.
Champion, W. A., ‘The frankpledge population of Shrewsbury 1500–1720’, Local Population Studies, 41 (1988);
Dodgson, R. A. and Butlin, R. A., An Historical Geography of England and Wales, 2nd edn (London, 1990), p. ;
Everitt, A. M., ‘Country, county and town: patterns of regional evolution in England’, Transactions of the Royal Historical Society, 5th series, 29 (1979).
Goodacre, J., The Transformation of a Peasant Economy (Aldershot, 1994), 66–7, 76–7, 224.
Owen, C. C., ‘The Greatest Brewery in the World’: A History of Bass, Ratcliff and Gretton (Derbyshire Record Society, 19, 1992).
Rowlands, M. B., The West Midlands from AD 1000 (London, 1987), p..
Schofield, R. S., ‘The geographical distribution of wealth in England 1334–1649’, Economic History Review, 2nd series, 18 (1965);
Wanklyn, M., ‘Urban revival in early modern England: Bridgnorth and the river trade 1660–1800’, Midland History, 18 (1993).
Wrigley, E. A. and Schofield, R. S., The Population History of England 1541–1871 (London, 1981) 2.