Skip to main content
×
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2001
  • Online publication date: March 2008

12 - The provision of social services

from Part II - Governance
Summary
This chapter concentrates on the provision of urban social services concerning poverty and health, especially critical life situations associated with unemployment, low wages, life-cycle stages, illness and death. Britain as voluntarism became municipal and increasingly mutually interdependent with the local state of local government and the poor law. In the mid-nineteenth century the reliance on families for the provision of social welfare may have been even greater in urban industrial towns than rural areas and small towns. The chapter then focuses on the continuities and changes in the provision of social services with regard to poverty and health. It explores alternative sources of assistance and their interrelationships in the mixed economy of welfare. Finally, the chapter examines to what extent these changed during the period and paying particular attention to whether there were distinctive urban aspects and to variations among urban areas.
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Cambridge Urban History of Britain
  • Online ISBN: 9781139053839
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521417075
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
×
Abel-Smith, B., The Hospitals 1800–1948: A Study in Social Administration in England and Wales (London, 1964)
Abrams, P., ‘Towns and economic growth: some theories and problems’, in Abrams, P. and Wrigley, E. A., eds., Towns and Societies (London, 1978).
Anderson, M., ‘The impact on the family relationships of the elderly of changes since Victorian times in governmental income-maintenance provision’, in Shanas, E. and Sussman, M. B., eds., Family, Bureaucracy and the Elderly (Durham, N. C., 1977).
Anderson, M., Family Structure in Nineteenth-Century Lancashire (Cambridge, 1971)
Beveridge, W., Voluntary Action: A Report on Methods of Social Advance (London, 1948)
Bowley, A. L. and Burnett-Hurst, A. R., Livelihood and Poverty (London, 1915)
Bowley, A. L. and Hogg, M., Has Poverty Diminished? (London, 1925)
Bulmer, M., The Social Basis of Community Care (London, 1987)
Cahill, M., and Jowitt, T., ‘The new philanthropy: the emergence of the Bradford City Guild of Help’, Journal of Social Policy, 9 (1980)
Checkland, O., Philanthropy in Victorian Scotland: Social Welfare and the Voluntary Principle (Edinburgh, 1983)
Cherry, S., Medical Services and the Hospitals in Britain, 1860–1939 (Cambridge, 1996)
Chris, Gordon, The Myth of Family Care? The Elderly in the 1930s, The Welfare State Programme, London School of Economics, Discussion Paper 29 (London, 1988), p..
Cox, J., The English Churches in a Secular Society: Lambeth 1870–1930 (New York and Oxford, 1982)
Crafts, N. F. R., ‘Some dimensions of the “quality of life” during the British Industrial Revolution’, Economic History Review, 2nd series, 50 (1997)
Crowther, M. A., ‘Family responsibility and state responsibility in Britain before the welfare state’, Historical Journal, 25 (1982)
Crowther, M. A., British Social Policy 1914–1939 (Basingstoke, 1988)
Daunton, M. J., ‘Payment and participation: welfare and state formation in Britain 1900–1951’, Past and Present, 150 (1996)
Daunton, M. J., ‘Payment and participation: welfare and state formation in Britain 1900–1951’, Past and Present, 150 (1996)
Denvir, J., The Irish in Britain (London, 1892), p..
Digby, A., Making a Medical Living (Cambridge, 1995).
Digby, A., British Welfare Policy: Workhouse to Workfare (London, 1989)
Dupree, M., Family Structure in the Staffordshire Potteries, 1840–1880 (Oxford, 1995)
Finlayson, G. B. A. M., ‘A moving frontier: voluntarism and the state in British social welfare 1911–1949’, Twentieth Century British History, 1 (1990)
Finlayson, G. B. A. M., Citizen, State and Social Welfare in Britain 1830–1990 (Oxford, 1994)
Finney, J., Sixty Years’ Recollections of an Etruscan (Stoke-on-Trent, 1903), p..
Fraser, W. H., and Morris, R. J., eds., People and Society in Scotland, 2 vols. (Edinburgh, 1990)
Gorsky, M., Patterns of Philanthropy: Charity and Society in Nineteenth-Century Bristol (Woodbridge, 1999)
Hay, J. R., Origins of Liberal Welfare Reforms 1906—1914, 2nd edn (Basingstoke, 1983)
Hayburn, R. H. C., ‘The voluntary occupational centre movement 1932–39’, Journal of Contemporary History, 6 (1971)
Johnson, P., ‘Risk, redistribution and social welfare in Britain from the poor law to Beveridge’, in Daunton, , ed., Charity, Self-Interest and Welfare (London, 1996), esp..
Johnson, P., Saving and Spending: The Working-Class Economy in Britain 1870–1939 (Oxford, 1985)
Joyce, P., Work, Society and Politics: The Culture of the Factory in Later Victorian England (Brighton, 1980)
Kidd, A., ‘Charity organisation and the unemployed in Manchester c. 1870–1914’, Social History., 9 (1984)
Kidd, A. J., and Roberts, K. W., eds., City, Class and Culture: Studies of Cultural Production and Social Policy in Victorian Manchester (Manchester, 1985)
Langton, J., and Morris, R. J., eds., Atlas of Industrialising Britain, 1780–1914 (London, 1986)
Lees, L. H., Exiles of Erin: Irish Migrants in Victorian London (Manchester, 1979)
Lees, L. H., The Solidarities of Strangers: The English Poor Laws and the People, 1700–1948 (Cambridge, 1998)
Levitt, I., Poverty and Welfare in Scotland 1890–1948 (Edinburgh, 1988)
Lewis, J., ‘Gender, the family and women’s agency in the building of “welfare states”: the British case’, Soc. Hist., 19 (1994)
Lewis, J., ‘Agents of health care: the relationship between family, professionals and the state in the mixed economy of welfare in twentieth-century Britain’, in Woodward, J. and Jutte, R., eds., Coping with Sickness: Perspectives on Health Care, Past and Present (Sheffield, 1996)
Lewis, J., ‘Family provision of health and welfare in the mixed economy of care in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries’, Social History of Medicine, 8 (1995)
Lewis, J., ‘The boundary between voluntary and statutory social service in the later nineteenth and early twentieth centuries’, Historical Journal, 39 (1996)
Macadam, Elizabeth, The New Philanthropy: A Study of the Relations Between the Statutory and Voluntary Social Services (London, 1934)
Marks, L., ‘Mothers, babies and hospitals: “The London” and the provision of maternity care in east London 1870–1939’, in Fildes, V., Marks, L. and Marland, H., eds., Women and Children First: International Maternal and Infant Welfare 1870–1945 (London and New York, 1992).
Marks, L., Metropolitan Maternity: Maternal and Infant Welfare Services in Early Twentieth Century London (Amsterdam and Atlanta, 1996)
Marland, H., Medicine and Society in Wakefield and Huddersfield, 1780–1870 (Cambridge, 1987)
McLeod, H., ‘New perspectives on Victorian working class religion: the oral evidence’, Oral History, 14 (1986).
Mohan, John, ‘Neglected roots of regionalism? The commissioners for the Special Areas and grants to hospital services in the 1930s’, Social History of Medicine, 10 (1997)
Morris, R. J., ‘Externalities, the market, power structure and the urban agenda’, Urban History Yearbook, 17 (1990)
Oakley, Ann, Man and Wife — Richard and Kay Titmuss: My Parents’ Early Years (London, 1996), 54–5.
Olechnowicz, A., Working-Class Housing in England between the Wars: The Becontree Estate (Oxford, 1997)
Peacock, A. and Wiseman, J., The Growth of Public Expenditure in the United Kingdom (London, 1961), 101, 103, 117.
Peretz, E. P., ‘The costs of modern motherhood to low income families in interwar Britain’, in Fildes, V., Marks, L. and Marland, H., eds., Women and Children First: International Maternal Welfare 1870–1945 (London, 1992)
Pickstone, J. V., Medicine and Industrial Society: A History of Hospital Development in Manchester and its Region (Manchester, 1985)
Prochaska, Frank, The Voluntary Impulse: Philanthropy in Modern Britain (London, 1988).
Prochaska, F. K., Philanthropy and the Hospitals of London: The King’s Fund, 1897–1990 (Oxford, 1992)
Reeves, M. Pember, Round About a Pound a Week (London, 1913), p..
Reynolds, J., The Great Paternalist: Titus Salt and the Growth of Nineteenth-Century Bradford (London, 1983)
Riley, C., Sick Not Dead: The Health of British Workingmen during the Mortality Decline (Baltimore and London, 1997)
Roberts, E., A Woman’s Place: An Oral History of Working-Class Women 1890–1940 (Oxford, 1984)
Rose, M. E., ed., The Poor and the City: The English Poor Law in its Urban Context, 1834–1914 (Leicester, 1985)
Ross, E., ‘Survival networks – women’s neighbourhood sharing in London before World War I’, History Workshop, 15 (1983)
Rowntree, B. S., Poverty and Progress (London, 1941)
Rowntree, B. Seebohm, Poverty: A Study in Town Life (London, 1901).
Sharpe, L. J. and Newton, K., Does Politics Matter? The Determinants of Public Policy (Oxford, 1984), p..
Smith, D., Conflict and Compromise: Class Formation in English Society, 1830–1914: A Comparative Study of Birmingham and Sheffield (London, 1982)
Stedman, Jones, G., Outcast London: A Study in the Relationship between Classes in Victorian Society (Oxford, 1971)
Tebbutt, M., Making Ends Meet: Pawnbroking and Working-Class Credit (Leicester, 1983)
Thane, P., ‘Historiography of the British welfare state’, Social History Society Newsletter, 15 (1990)
Thane, P., ‘Old people and their families in the English past’, in Daunton, , ed., Charity, Self-Interest and Welfare (London, 1996), 143.
Thomson, D., ‘Welfare and the historians’, in Bonfield, L., Smith, R. and Wrightson, K., eds., The World We Have Gained (Oxford, 1986), p..
Titmuss, R. M., ‘The social division of welfare’, in Titmuss, R. M., Essays on ‘The Welfare State’ (London, 1958).
Trainor, R. H., Black Country Elites: The Exercise of Authority in an Industrialized Area, 1830–1900 (Oxford, 1993)
Treble, J., Urban Poverty in Britain, 1830–1914 (London, 1979)
Vincent, D., Poor Citizens: The State and the Poor in Twentieth-Century Britain (London, 1991)
Waddington, K., Charity and the London Hospitals, 1850–1898 (Woodbridge, 2000)
Waller, P. J., Town, City and Nation: England, 1850–1914 (Oxford, 1983)
Webster, C., ‘Labour and the origins of the National Health Service’, in Rupke, N., ed., Science, Politics and the Public Good: Essays in Honour of Margaret Gowing (London and Basingstoke, 1988).
Webster, C., The Health Service since the War, vol. I (London, 1988)
Whiteside, N., ‘Private agencies for public purposes: some new perspectives on policy making in health insurance between the wars’, Journal of Social Policy, 12 (1983)
Yeo, S., Religion and Voluntary Organisations in Crisis, 1890–1914 (London, 1976)