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    Falconer, J. R. D. 2011. Surveying Scotland’s Urban Past: The Pre-Modern Burgh. History Compass, Vol. 9, Issue. 1, p. 34.

  • Print publication year: 2000
  • Online publication date: March 2008

4 - Scotland

from Part I - Area surveys 1540–1840
This chapter explores the transformation of Scottish urban life over a period of more than three centuries. In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries Scotland was less urbanised than England and though the urban framework was far from static there was only marginal increase in the proportion of Scots living in towns and cities between the Union of crowns in 1603 and the Union of parliaments in 1707. The south-east, around Edinburgh, had levels of urbanisation on a par with the Low Countries. Edinburgh itself was by far the most important town in Scotland, dominating not only the overseas trade of the country but its civil, religious and legal administration as well. From the later seventeenth century, but with massive acceleration from the middle decades of the eighteenth century, these traditional urban patterns were broken up. By the 1850s, with England, Scotland had become one of the most urbanised societies in Europe.
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The Cambridge Urban History of Britain
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