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    Crompton, D. W. T. and Savioli, L. 1993. Summary and recommendations. Parasitology, Vol. 107, Issue. , p. S201.

  • Print publication year: 1993
  • Online publication date: March 2008

III.3 - Nutritional Chemistry

from Part III - Medical Specialties and Disease Prevention
The development of a workable system or science of nutrition had to await the development of modern chemistry with its significant advances at the end of the eighteenth century. Although the scientific evaluation of diets at the end of the nineteenth century focused on protein and energy, some realized that there were other requirements for a healthy diet. In particular, it was known that sailors on long voyages developed scurvy unless they periodically ate fresh green vegetables or fruit. As with ascorbic acid, the development of chemical analytic methods for determining the levels of each vitamin in foods and the inexpensive production of vitamins have enabled food manufacturers to fortify processed foods with them, without unduly raising their prices. Modern food industries have been able to process seeds and vegetables so as to extract the fat and sugar or, in the case of grains, to mill off the outer branny layers to yield white rice or white wheat flour.
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The Cambridge World History of Human Disease
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D. C. Goodman 1971. The application of chemical criteria to biological classification in the eighteenth century. Medical History 15.

A. J. Ihde , and S. L. Becker . 1971. Conflict of concepts in early vitamin studies. Journal of the History of Biology 4.

R. Stockman 1895. Observations on the causes and treatment of chlorosis. British Medical Journal 2.