Skip to main content
  • Export citation
  • Recommend to librarian
  • Recommend this book

    Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

    The Cambridge World History
    • Volume 1: Introducing World History, to 10,000 BCE
    • Edited by David Christian
    • Online ISBN: 9781139194662
    • Book DOI:
    Please enter your name
    Please enter a valid email address
    Who would you like to send this to? *
  • Buy the print book

Book description

Volume 1 of the Cambridge World History is an introduction to both the discipline of world history and the earliest phases of world history up to 10,000 BCE. In Part I leading scholars outline the approaches, methods, and themes that have shaped and defined world history scholarship across the world and right up to the present day. Chapters examine the historiographical development of the field globally, periodisation, divergence and convergence, belief and knowledge, technology and innovation, family, gender, anthropology, migration, and fire. Part II surveys the vast Palaeolithic era, which laid the foundations for human history, concentrating on the most recent phases of hominin evolution, the rise of Homo sapiens and the very earliest human societies through to the end of the last ice age. Anthropologists, archaeologists, historical linguists and historians examine climate and tools, language, and culture, as well as offering regional perspectives from across the world.

    • Aa
    • Aa
Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send:

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.

Page 1 of 2

  • 11 - What does anthropology contribute to world history?
    pp 261-276
  • DOI:
  • View abstract
    This introduction chapter summarizes the other chapters in the two parts of the book. It describes some of the main themes of each chapter and makes comparisons among them. As a sub-discipline of the modern history discipline, world history is surprisingly new. World historians have worked particularly hard to escape the Eurocentrism of so much earlier historical scholarship. The Paleolithic history of the African species is coming into sharper focus, and that makes it more important to integrate Paleolithic history more fully within modern world history scholarship, teaching, and research. The migratory pulses were also shaped by the ancestors' technological creativity and by the slow accumulation of new techniques and new ecological and social understanding, so that, despite the checks and reversals, the ancestors eventually occupied environments ranging from tropical forests to the tundras of Siberia and North America. These Paleolithic movements laid the foundations for everything that would follow in the Holocene history of the species.
  • 13 - Before the farmers: culture and climate, from the emergence ofHomo sapiensto about ten thousand years ago
    pp 313-338
  • DOI:
  • View abstract
    Geography is the primary organising principle of meaning in Australian Indigenous histories, meaning that it is quite possible for figures from different times to connect with one another as if they were contemporaries. In his Histories, Herodotus delimited the military and political history of the Greeks in part by discrimination from barbarian 'others', and thus established the link between world history writing and actual and desired world order. The growth of intellectual, economic and socio-political networks of exchange in the paleolithic and agrarian eras prompted the defence, augmentation and revision of universal and later world historical views. From the eighteenth century, existing ideas about universal history came to be seen as increasingly out of step with the specialised national research that accompanied the professionalisation of history teaching, research and writing. A more optimistic assessment of 'modern' or 'Western' civilisation was also offered in the works of modernisation scholars. Postcolonial scholars also adapted dependency and world system theory.
  • 14 - Early humans: tools, language, and culture
    pp 339-361
  • DOI:
  • View abstract
    Given the state of the art of scholarship dealing with the evolution of world history, this chapter provides a balanced perspective between elite and other interpretations of the global past. Christian universal histories were repeatedly written in a spirit that sought to divide divine truth from heretical viewpoints. Starting from the late fifteenth century, the European conquests began having massive impacts on entire world regions, particularly the Americas and the coastal regions of Sub-Saharan Africa. The growing knowledge about different world regions fed into the epistemological crises of European historiography. During the early modern period, many societies experienced their own "culture wars" or "history wars", for example between religious and proto-secular narratives. The Eurocentric orientation of historiographical cultures in general and world history in particular continued during much of the twentieth century. Despite its limited impacts, university-based historical scholarship has a strong influence on general education systems as well as, to a certain extent, on the media.
  • 15 - Africa from 48,000 to 9500BCE
    pp 362-393
  • DOI:
  • View abstract
    This chapter sets world historical study within a larger history of periodization, showing the relation between its methodological difficulties and its immense historiographical significance. It starts with the systemization of disciplinary practice in Ranke, who inherited from the eighteenth century a paradox concerning global time. Starting with Heidegger through postmodernism and to the present, the critique of historical thought has sought a basis in distinct horizons of meaning, and therefore rupture. The limits of both return to us today the antinomy of history. The nineteenth-century institutionalization of historical thought included as a matter of course Ranke's critique of philosophical generalization. For nearly a century, world history has commonly examined its topics with methods derived from evolutionary theory. Postcolonial history jolted powerfully at the discipline's nationalist, Eurocentric, and teleological defaults. As universal chronology, historiography dislodges the idealization of "primordial" community. Contrary to Heidegger's characterization, however, historiography also simultaneously localizes and differentiates.
  • 16 - Migration and innovation in Palaeolithic Europe
    pp 394-413
  • DOI:
  • View abstract
    World historians recognize the need for a framework that encompasses the full range of human history, embraces all types of people, and acknowledges that globalization is not a passing fad but a significant outcome of deep historical forces. In aid of that enterprise this chapter looks at history in terms of two dominant historical trends: divergence and convergence. From the beginning most of history was a story of divergence: humans' biological and cultural differentiation as they evolved and dispersed across the planet. For the past millennium, history has been dominated by convergent forces, of which globalization is the latest phase. During this era the Great Convergence, human interaction, trade, and intercommunication have increased at a rapid rate. The long millennia during which biological and cultural diversification were dominant can be called the Age of Divergence. Pairing divergence and convergence as coequal themes makes it easier to talk about diversity as a norm, not an exception.
  • 17 - Asian Palaeolithic dispersals
    pp 414-432
  • DOI:
  • View abstract
    This chapter describes the origins of the modern, Western study of language, belief, and knowledge. "Europe" refers to the continent, itself with fuzzy boundaries, but when appearing in the world history of knowledge "European" usually refers also to the places most colonized by Europeans in the last two centuries, and to those places' peoples and their ideas. The chapter discusses how historians and others have treated four key moments in the history of knowledge and belief, and specifically at what role the Wider World plays in their scholarship. The four inflection points are familiar: hominization, the Axial Age of religious development, the European Scientific Revolution, and recent and continuing secularization. The secularization thesis was formed in a European scholarly milieu, based on ideas about contemporary and past Christianity, and only then expanded to the Wider World. The Wider World reinforces the secularization thesis, begs questions of the Scientific Revolution, and delights in the level playing field of the Axial Age.

Page 1 of 2

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

P. Burke , ‘European views of world history from Giovo to Voltaire’, History of European Ideas 6/3 (1985): 237–51.

D. Christian , ‘The return of universal history’, History and Theory, Theme Issue, 49 (December 2010): 526.

P. Duara , V. Murthy and A. Sartori (eds.), A Companion to Global Historical Thought, Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2014.

M. Hughes-Warrington , ‘Big History’, Historically Speaking 4/2 (2002): 1617, 20.

A. Iriye , and P.-Y. Saunier (eds.), The Palgrave Dictionary of Transnational History: From the Mid-19th century to the Present Day, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009.

P. Manning , Navigating World History: Historians Create a Global Past, New York: Palgrave, 2003.

T. A. Meade , and M. E. Wiesner-Hanks (eds.), A Companion to Gender History, Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2004.

A. Momigliano , ‘Greek historiography’, History and Theory 17/1 (1978): 128.

55 N. Steensgaard , ‘Universal history for our times’, Journal of Modern History 45 (1973): 7282.

R. Scott Appleby , “History in the fundamentalist imagination,” Journal of American History 89 (2002), 498511.

Thomas Bender , Rethinking American History in a Global Age, Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.

Jerry H. Bentley , “Myths, wagers, and some moral implications of world history,” Journal of World History 16 (2005), 5182.

Stefan Berger , “Introduction: Towards a global history of national historiographies,” in Stefan Berger (ed.), Writing the Nation: A Global Perspective, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007, pp. 129.

Peter Burke , “History, myth and fiction: Doubts and debates,” in José Rabasa , Masayuki Sato , Edoardo Tortarolo , and Daniel Woolf (eds.), The Oxford History of Historical Writing, New York: Oxford University Press, 2012, vol. iii, pp. 261–81.

Sebastian Conrad , Globalgeschichte: Eine Einführung (Global History: An Introduction), Munich: C. H. Beck, 2013.

Diogo R. Curto , “European historiography of the East,” in José Rabasa , Masayuki Sato , Edoardo Tortarolo , and Daniel Woolf (eds.), The Oxford History of Historical Writing, New York: Oxford University Press, 2012, vol. iii, pp. 536–55.

Paul Faulstich , “Mapping the mythological landscape: An Aboriginal way of being in the world,” Philosophy & Geography 1 (1998), 197221.

Anthony Grafton , “The history of ideas: Precepts and practice, 1950–2000 and beyond,” Journal of the History of Ideas 67 (2006), 132.

81 Tamara Griggs , “Universal history from Counter-Reformation to Enlightenment,” Modern Intellectual History 4 (2007), 219–47.

Grant Hardy , “Can an ancient Chinese historian contribute to modern Western theory? The multiple narratives of Ssu-ma Ch'ien,” History and Theory 33 (1994), 2038.

Dirk Hoerder , Cultures in Contact: World Migrations in the Second Millennium, Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002.

Akira Iriye , Global and Transnational History: The Past, Present and Future, New York: Palgrave, 2013.

I. R. Netton , “Basic structures and signs of alienation in the ‘Riḥla’ of Ibn Jubayr,” Journal of Arabic Literature 22 (1991), 2137.

Douglas Northrup (ed.), A Companion to World History, Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.

Dominic Sachsenmaier , Global Perspectives on Global History: Theories and Approaches in a Connected World, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

Dominic Sachsenmaier , “World history as ecumenical history?”, Journal of World History 18 (2007), 433–62.

Masayuki Sato , “Comparative ideas and chronology,” History and Theory 30 (1991), 275301.

Sanjay Subrahmanyam , “On world historians in the sixteenth century,” Representations 91 (2005), 2657.

83 Kira von Ostenfeld-Suske , “A new history for a ‘New World’: The first one hundred years of Spanish historical writing,” in José Rabasa , Masayuki Sato , Edoardo Tortarolo , and Daniel Woolf (eds.), The Oxford History of Historical Writing, New York: Oxford University Press, 2012, vol. iii, pp. 556–74.

Wang Wang , “Encountering the world: China and its other(s) in historical narratives, 1949–89,” Journal of World History 14 (2003), 327–58.

Wang Wang , “History, space, and ethnicity: The Chinese worldview,” Journal of World History 10 (1999), 285305.

Xu Xu , “Reconstructing world history in the People's Republic of China since the 1980s,” Journal of World History 18 (2007), 235–50.

Frederick C. Beiser , The German Historicist Tradition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Jerry H. Bentley , “Cross-cultural interaction and periodization in world history,” American Historical Review 101 (1996), 749–70.

J. W. Burrows , A Liberal Descent: Victorian Historians and the English Past, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981.

Antoinette Burton (ed.), After the Imperial Turn: Thinking With and Through the Nation, Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2003.

Dipesh Chakrabarty , “In defense of Provincializing Europe: A response to Carola Dietze,” History and Theory 47 (2008), 8596.

William Cronon , “Revisiting the vanishing frontier: The legacy of Frederick Jackson Turner”, Western Historical Quarterly 18 (1987), 157–76.

Jacques Derrida , The Problem of Genesis in Husserl's Philosophy, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003.

Prasenjit Duara , Rescuing History from the Nation: Questioning Narratives of Modern China, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

Dan Flores , “Place: An argument for bioregional history,” Environmental History Review 18 (1994), 118.

Paul Glennie , and Nigel Thrift , Shaping the Day: A History of Timekeeping in England and Wales 1300–1800, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009.

Carl G. Hempel , “The function of general laws in history,” The Journal of Philosophy 39 (1942), 3548.

Marshall G. S. Hodgson , Rethinking World History: Essays on Europe, Islam, and World History, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Jonathan Israel , Enlightenment Contested: Philosophy, Modernity, and the Emancipation of Man, 1670–1752, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.

Michael Lang , “Globalization and global history in Toynbee,” Journal of World History 22 (2011), 747–83.

Benjamin Lazier , “Earthrise; or, the globalization of the world picture,” American Historical Review 116 (2011), 602–30.

William Hardy McNeill , “One world: Divisible or indivisible?”, Journal of Contemporary History 37 (2002), 489–95.

William Hardy McNeill , The Rise of the West: A History of the Human Community, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991.

Michael Oakeshott , Experience and Its Modes, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1933.

Patrick O'Brien , “Historiographical traditions and modern imperatives for the restoration of global history,” Journal of Global History 1 (2006), 339.

William Reddy , “Neuroscience and the fallacies of functionalism,” History and Theory 49 (2010), 412–25.

Martin J. S. Rudwick , Bursting the Limits of Time: The Reconstruction of Geohistory in the Age of Revolution, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.

Heather Sutherland , “The problematic authority of (world) history,” Journal of World History 18 (2007), 491522.

Stefan Tanaka , New Times in Modern Japan, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004.

Frederick Jackson Turner , The Frontier in American History, New York: Henry Holt, 1921.

Leslie A. White , “Evolutionary stages, progress, and the evaluation of cultures,” Southwestern Journal of Anthropology 3 (1947), 165–92.

Arun Bala , The Dialogue of Civilizations in the Birth of Modern Science, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2006.

David R. Begun (ed.), A Companion to Paleoanthropology, Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013.

Marwa Elshahkry , “When science became Western: Historiographical reflections”, Isis 101 (2010), 98109.

Richard Gombrich , Theravada Buddhism: A Social History from Ancient Benares to Modern Colombo, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1988.

Geoffrey E. R. Lloyd , Ancient Worlds, Modern Reflections: Philosophical Perspectives on Greek and Chinese Science and Culture, New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.

Tomoko Masuza , The Invention of World Religions: Or, How European Universalism was Preserved in the Language of Pluralism, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.

164 Iwan Rhys Morus , When Physics Became King, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.

Carla Nappi , The Monkey and the Inkpot: Natural History and its Transformations in Early Modern China, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2009.

Pipa Norris , and Ronald Inglehart , Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Lissa Roberts , “Situating science in global history: Local exchanges and networks of circulation”, Itinerario 33 (2009), 930.

Neil Safier , Measuring the New World: Enlightenment Science and South America, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.

Steven Shapin , The Scientific Revolution, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.

Wiktor Stoczkowski , Explaining Human Origins: Myth, Imagination, and Conjecture, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

W. Brian Arthur , The Nature of Technology: What It Is and How It Evolves, New York: Free Press, 2009.

Kenneth Chase , Firearms: A Global History to 1700, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Mike Davis , Planet of Slums, London: Verso, 2004.

Barbara Andaya , “From temporary wife to prostitute: Sexuality and economic change in early modern Southeast Asia,” Journal of Women's History 9 (1998), 1134.

Edward Ross Dickinson , “Biopolitics, fascism, democracy: Some reflections on our discourse about ‘Modernity,’Central European History 37 (2004), 148.

Clive Gamble , Origins and Revolutions: Human Identity in Earliest Prehistory, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Qiang Gao , and Kuen Lee Yun , “A biological perspective on Yangshao kinship,” Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 12 (1993), 266–98.

Mary Jo Maynes , and Ann Waltner , “Temporalities and periodization in deep history: Technology, gender, and benchmarks of ‘human development,’Social Science History 36 (2012), 5983.

Robert Aldrich , Colonialism and Homosexuality, London: Routledge, 2002.

Tony Ballantyne , and Antoinette Burton (eds.), Bodies in Contact: Rethinking Colonial Encounters in World History, Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2005.

Karen Hagemann , and María Teresa Fernández-Aceves (eds.), “Gendering trans/national historiographies: Similarities and differences in comparison,” Journal of Women's History 19 (2007), 151213.

Catherine Hall , and Sonya Rose (eds.), At Home with the Empire: Metropolitan Culture and the Imperial World, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Phillipa Levine (ed.), Gender and Empire, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

Bonnie Smith (ed.), Women's History in Global Perspective, 3 vols., Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2004.

Émile Durkheim , Suicide: A Study in Sociology, George Simpson and John A. Spaulding (trans.), London: Routledge, 2002.

Jack Goody , and Ian Watt , ‘The consequences of literacy’, Comparative Studies in Society and History 5 (1963), 304–45.

Thomas T. Allsen , Culture and Conquest in Mongol Eurasia, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

310 John L. Brooke , Climate Change and the Course of Global History: A Rough Journey, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Robin Cohen , Global Diasporas: An Introduction, Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1997.

Stéphane Dufoix , Diasporas, William Rodarmor (trans.), Berkeley: University of California Press, 2008.

Jan Lucassen and Leo Lucassen , “The mobility transition revisited, 1500–1900: What the case of Europe can offer to global history,” Journal of Global History 4 (2009): 347–77.

Jan Lucassen and Leo Lucassen (eds.), Globalising Migration History: The Eurasian Experience (16th–21st Centuries), Leiden: Brill, 2014.

Jan Lucassen , Leo Lucassen , and Patrick Manning (eds.), Migration History in World History: Multidisciplinary Approaches, Leiden: Brill, 2010.

Patrick Manning , “Homo sapiens populates the Earth: A provisional synthesis, privileging linguistic data,” Journal of World History 17,2 (2006): 115–58.

Adam McKeown , “Chinese migration in global context, 1850–1940,” Journal of Global History 5 (2010): 95124.

Adam McKeown , “Global migration, 1846–1940,” Journal of World History 15 (2004), 155–89.

Janet M. Wilmshurst , Terry L. Hunt , Carl P. Lipo , and Atholl J. Anderson , “High-precision radiocarbon dating shows recent and rapid initial human colonization of East Polynesia,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 108,5 (February 1, 2011): 1,815–20.

John Fleagle , et al. (eds.), Out of Africa: the First Hominin Colonization of Eurasia, Dordrecht: Springer, 2010.

Peter Hiscock , The Archaeology of Ancient Australia, London: Routledge, 2008.

Andrew J. Lawson , Painted Caves: Palaeolithic Rock Art in Western Europe, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Richard G. Lesure , Interpreting Ancient Figurines: Context, Comparison, and Prehistoric Art, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

Claudio Vita-Finzi , Solar History: An Introduction, Dordrecht: Springer, 2013.

Stanley H. Ambrose , “Late Pleistocene human population bottlenecks, volcanic winter, and the differentiation of modern humans,” Journal of Human Evolution 34 (1998), 623–51.

Kristen Hawkes , James F. O'Connell , and Nicholas Blurton Jones , “Hadza women's time allocation, offspring provisioning, and the evolution of post-menopausal lifespans,” Current Anthropology 38 (1997), 551–78.

Richard G. Klein , “Out of Africa and the evolution of human behavior,” Evolutionary Anthropology 17 (2008), 267–81.

David W. Phillipson , African Archaeology, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.

Sarah A. Tishkoff , Floyd A. Reed , Françoise R. Friedlaender , Christopher Ehret , Alessia Ranciaro , et al., “The genetic structure and history of Africans and African Americans,” Science 324 (2009), 1035–44.

Nicholas J. Allen , Hilary Callan , Robin Dunbar , and Wendy James (eds.), Early Human Kinship: From Sex to Social Reproduction, Oxford: Blackwell, 2008.

Ofer Bar-Yosef , “Pleistocene connexions between Africa and Southwest Asia: An archaeological perspective,” The African Archaeological Review 5 (1987), 2938.

Karl W. Butzer , “Late Quaternary problems of the Egyptian Nile: Stratigraphy, environments, prehistory,” Paléorient 23 (1997), 151–73.

Els Cornelissen , “Human response to changing environments in Central Africa between 40,000 and 12,000 BP,” Journal of World Prehistory 16 (2002), 197235.

John F. Hoffecker , Landscape of the Mind: Human Evolution and the Archaeology of Thought, New York: Columbia University Press, 2011.

Richard G. Klein , The Human Career: Human Biological and Cultural Origins, 3rd edn., Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009.

Jiri Svoboda , Vojen Ložek , and Emanuel Vlček , Hunters between East and West: The Paleolithic of Moravia, New York: Plenum Press, 1996.

Bruce G. Trigger , A History of Archaeological Thought, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989.

Bernard Wood , Human Evolution: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

Ofer Bar-Yosef , and A. Belfer-Cohen , ‘From Africa to Eurasia – Early dispersals’, Quaternary International 75 (2001), 1928.

Eudald Carbonell , et al., ‘The first hominin of Europe’, Nature 452 (2008), 465–9.

Gary R. Scott , and Luis Gibert , ‘The oldest hand-axes in Europe’, Nature 461 (2009), 82–5.

Chris Stringer , ‘The status of Homo heidelbergensis’, Evolutionary Anthropology 21 (2012), 101–7.

Hervé Bocherens , Dorothée G. Drucker , Daniel Billiou , Marylène Patou-Mathis , and Bernard Vandermeersch , ‘Isotopic evidence for diet and subsistence pattern of the Saint-Cesaire I Neanderthal: Review and use of a multi-source mixing model’, Journal of Human Evolution 49 (2005), 7187.

Eric Boëda , Jacques Connan , Daniel Dessort , Sultan Muhesen , Norbert Mercier , Hélène Valladas , and Nadine Tisnérat , ‘Bitumen as a hafting material on Middle Paleolithic artefacts’, Nature 380 (1996), 336–8.

Eudald Carbonell , and Z. Castro-Curel , ‘Palaeolithic wooden artifacts from the Abric Romani (Capellades, Barcelona, Spain)’, Journal of Archaeological Science 19 (1992), 707–19.

Richard E. Green , et al., ‘A draft sequence of the Neandertal genome’, Science 328 (2010), 710–22.

Carles Lalueza-Fox , et al., ‘Genetic evidence for patrilocal mating behavior among Neandertal groups’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108 (2011), 250–3.

Timothy D. Weaver , ‘The meaning of Neandertal skeletal morphology’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106 (2009), 16,028–33.

M. V. Anikovich , et al., ‘Early Upper Paleolithic in eastern Europe and implications for the dispersal of modern humans’, Science 315 (2007), 223–6.

Liubov V. Golovanova , Vladimir B. Doronichev , Naomi E. Cleghorn , Marianna A. Kulkova , Tatiana V. Sapelko , and M. Steven Shackley , ‘Significance of ecological factors in the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition’, Current Anthropology 51 (2010), 655–91.

John F. Hoffecker , ‘Innovation and technological knowledge in the Upper Paleolithic of northern Eurasia’, Evolutionary Anthropology 14 (2005), 186–98.

John F. Hoffecker , ‘The spread of modern humans in Europe’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106 (2009), 16,040–5.

Lawrence G. Straus , ‘The Upper Paleolithic of Europe: an overview’, Evolutionary Anthropology 4 (1995), 416.

Marian Vanhaeren , and Francesco d'Errico , ‘Aurignacian ethno-linguistic geography of Europe revealed by personal ornaments’, Journal of Archaeological Science 33 (2006), 1,105–28.

Leslie C. Aiello , and Peter Wheeler , ‘The expensive tissue hypothesis’, Current Anthropology 36 (1995), 199222.

Graeme Barker , et al., ‘The “human revolution” in lowland tropical Southeast Asia: The antiquity and behavior of anatomically modern humans at Niah Cave (Sarawak, Borneo)’, Journal of Human Evolution 52 (2007), 243–61.

P. Jeffrey Brantingham , et al., ‘A short chronology for the peopling of the Tibetan Plateau’, Developments in Quaternary Sciences 9 (2007), 129–50.

Fabrice Demeter , Laura L. Shackelford , Anne-Marie Bacon , Philippe Duringer , Kira Westaway , Thongsa Sayavongkhamdy , José Braga , Phonephanh Sichanthongtip , Phimmasaeng Khamdalavong , Jean-Luc Ponche , Hong Wang , Craig Lundstrom , Elise Patole-Edoumba , and Anne-Marie Karpoff , ‘Anatomically modern human in Southeast Asia (Laos) by 46 ka’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 109 (2012), 14,375–80.

Robin W. Dennell , and Michael D. Petraglia , ‘The dispersal of Homo sapiens across southern Asia: How early, how often, how complex?’, Quaternary Sciences Reviews 47 (2012), 1522.

Robin W. Dennell , and M. Porr (eds.), Southern Asia, Australia and the Search for Human Origins, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.

Robin W. Dennell , and Wil Roebroeks , ‘An Asian perspective on early human dispersal from Africa’, Nature 438 (2005), 1,099–104.

Robin W. Dennell , María Martinón-Torres , and José María Bermudez de Castro , ‘Hominin variability, climatic instability and population demography in Middle Pleistocene Europe’, Quaternary Science Reviews 30 (2011), 1,511–24.

Andrei E. Dodonov , and L. L. Baiguzina , ‘Loess stratigraphy of Central Asia: Palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental aspects’, Quaternary Science Reviews 14 (1995), 707–20.

Robin I. M. Dunbar , ‘The social brain: Mind, language, and society in evolutionary perspective’, Annual Review of Anthropology 32 (2003), 163–81.

Reid Ferring , Oriol Oms , Jordi Agusti , Francesco Berna , Medea Nioradze , Teona Shelia , Martha Tappen , Abesalom Vekua , David Zhvania , and David Lorkipanidze , ‘Earliest human occupations at Dmanisi (Georgian Caucasus) dated to 1.85–1.78 Ma.’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 108 (2011), 10,432–6.

Leo Gabunia , et al., ‘Earliest Pleistocene hominid cranial remains from Dmanisi, Republic of Georgia: Taxonomy, geological setting, and age’, Science 288 (2000), 1,019–25.

Clive Gamble , et al., ‘Climate change and evolving human diversity in Europe during the last glacial’, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, London 359 (2004), 243–54.

Naama Goren-Inbar , et al., ‘Pleistocene milestones on the Out-of-Africa corridor at Gesher Ya'aqov, Israel’, Science 289 (2000), 944–7.

Roy Larick , et al., ‘Early Pleistocene 40Ar/39Ar ages for Bapang Formation hominins, Central Jawa, Indonesia’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 98 (2001), 4,866–71.

S. A. G. Leroy , K. Arpe , and U. Mikolaiewicz , ‘Vegetation context and climatic limits of the Early Pleistocene hominin dispersal in Europe’, Quaternary Science Reviews 30 (2011), 1,448–63.

Tungsheng Liu , Ding Zhonglli , and Nat Rutter , ‘Comparison of Milankovitch periods between continental loess and deep sea records over the last 2.5 Ma.’, Quaternary Science Reviews 18 (1999), 1,205–12.

David Lordkipanidze , et al., ‘Postcranial evidence from early Homo from Dmanisi, Georgia’, Nature 449 (2007), 305–10.

Henry Lumley , et al., ‘Les industries lithiques préoldowayennes du début du Pléistocène inférieur du site de Dmanissi en Géorgie’, L'Anthropologie 109 (2005), 1182.

F. McDermott , et al., ‘Mass spectrometric dates for Israeli Neanderthal/early modern sites’, Nature 363 (1993), 252–5.

Glen McDonald , Biogeography: Space, Time and Life, New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2003.

Shanti Pappu , Yanni Gunnell , Kumar Aklilesh , Régis Braucher , Maurice Taieb , François Demory , and Nicolas Thouveny , ‘Early Pleistocene presence of Acheulian hominins in South India’, Science 331 (2011), 1,596–99.

Michael D. Petraglia , et al., ‘Middle Paleolithic assemblages from the Indian Subcontinent before and after the Toba Super-eruption’, Science 317 (2007), 114–16.

Sergey L. Presnyakov , Elena V. Belyaeva , V. P. Lyubin , N. V. Rodionov , A. V. Antonov , A. K. Saltykova , Natalia G. Berezhnaya , and S. A. Sergeev , ‘Age of the earliest Paleolithic sites in the northern part of the Armenian Highland by SHRIMP-II U–Pb geochronology of zircons from volcanic ashes’, Gondwana Research 21 (2012), 928–38.

Vadim A. Ranov , ‘The “Loessic Palaeolithic” in South Tadjikistan, Central Asia: Its industries, chronology and correlation’, Quaternary Science Reviews 14 (1995), 731–45.

G. Philip Rightmire , David Lordkipanidze , and Abesalom Vekua , ‘Anatomical descriptions, comparative studies and evolutionary significance of the hominin skulls from Dmanisi, Republic of Georgia’, Journal of Human Evolution 50 (2006), 115–41.

Richard G. Roberts , et al., ‘The human colonisation of Australia: Optical dates of 53,000 and 60,000 years bracket human arrival at Deaf Adder Gorge, Northern Territory’, Quaternary Geochronology (Quaternary Science Reviews) 13 (1994), 575–83.

John J. Shea , ‘Transitions or turnovers? Climatically-forced extinctions of Homo sapiens and Neanderthals in the East Mediterranean Levant’, Quaternary Science Reviews 27 (2008), 2,253–70.

Glenn R. Summerhayes , et al., ‘Human adaptation and plant use in Highland New Guinea 49,000 to 44,000 years ago’, Science 330 (2010), 7881.

Tim D. White , et al., ‘Pleistocene Homo sapiens from Middle Awash, Ethiopia’, Nature 423 (2003), 742–7.

R. X. Zhu , et al., ‘New evidence on the earliest human presence at high northern latitudes in northeast Asia’, Nature 431 (2004), 559–62.

Gregory Adcock , Elizabeth Dennis and Simon Easteal , et al., Mitochondrial DNA sequences in ancient Australians: Implications for modern human origins’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 98 (2001), 537–42.

Bryce Barker , ‘Nara Inlet 1: Coastal resource use and the Holocene marine transgression in the Whitsunday Islands, central Queensland’, Archaeology in Oceania 26 (1991), 102–9.

Timothy T. Barrows , John O. Stone and L. Keith Fifield , ‘Exposure ages for Pleistocene periglacial deposits in Australia’, Quaternary Science Reviews 23 (2004), 697708.

Timothy T. Barrows , John O. Stone , L. Keith Fifield and Richard G. Cresswell , ‘The timing of the last glacial maximum in Australia’, Quaternary Science Reviews 21 (2002), 159–73.

James M. Bowler , ‘Willandra Lakes revisited: Environmental framework for human occupation’, Archaeology in Oceania 33 (1998), 120–55.

James M. Bowler , Harvey Johnston , Jon Olley , John Prescott , Richard G. Roberts , Wilfred Shawcross and Nigel A. Spooner , ‘New ages for human occupation and climatic change at Lake Mungo, Australia’, Nature 421 (2003), 837–40.

Barry W. Brook , and David M. Dowman , ‘Explaining the Pleistocene megafaunal extinctions: Models, chronologies, and assumptions’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 99 (2002), 624–7.

Barry W. Brook , and David M. Dowman , ‘The uncertain blitzkrieg of Pleistocene megafauna’, Journal of Biogeography 31 (2004), 517–23.

Peter Brown , ‘Pleistocene homogeneity and Holocene size reduction: The Australian human skeletal evidence’, Archaeology in Oceania 22 (1987), 4167.

457 David W. Cameron , and Colin P. Groves , Bones, Stones and Molecules: ‘Out of Africa’ and Human origins, Sydney: Academic Press, 2004.

John Chappell , ‘Late Quaternary environmental changes in eastern and central Australia: Their climatic interpretation’, Quaternary Science Reviews 10 (1991), 377–90.

A. Cooper , A. Rambaut , V. Macaulay , E. Willerslev , J. Hansen and C. Stringer , ‘Human origins and ancient human DNA’, Science 292 (2001), 1,655–6.

Richard Cosgrove , ‘Forty-two degrees south: The archaeology of late Pleistocene Tasmania’, Journal of World Prehistory 13 (1999), 357402.

J. R. Dodson , and R. V. S. Wright , ‘Humid to arid to subhumid vegetation shift on Pilliga Sandstone, Ulungra Springs, New South Wales’, Quaternary Research 32 (1989), 182–92.

Robert Feranec , Norton G. Miller , Jonathan C. Lothrop and Russell W. Graham , ‘The Sporormiella proxy and end-Pleistocene megafaunal extinction: A perspective’, Quaternary International 245 (2011), 333–8.

Tim F. Flannery , ‘Pleistocene faunal loss: Implications of the aftershock for Australia's past and future’, Archaeology in Oceania 25 (1990), 4567.

Richard Fullagar , and Judith H. Field , ‘Pleistocene seed grinding implements from the Australian arid zone’, Antiquity 71 (1997), 300–7.

Jean-Michel Geneste , Bruno David and Hugues Plisson , et al., ‘Earliest evidence for ground-edge axes: 35,400±410 cal BP from Jawoyn country, Arnhem Land’, Australian Archaeology 71 (2010), 66–9.

Rainer Grün , Stephen Eggins , Maxime Aubert , Nigel Spooner , Alistair W. G. Pike and Wolfgang Müller , ‘ESR and U-series analyses of faunal material from Cuddie Springs, NSW, Australia: Implications for the timing of the extinction of the Australian megafauna’, Quaternary Science Reviews 29 (2010), 596610.

Rainer Grün , C. Stringer , F. McDermott , R. Nathan , N. Porat , S. Robertson , L. Taylor , G. Mortimer , S. Eggins and M. Mcculloch , ‘U-series and ESR analyses of bones and teeth relating to the human burials from Skhul’, Journal of Human Evolution 49 (2005), 316–34.

Gabriel Gutiérrez , Diego Sanchez and Antonio Marin , ‘A reanalysis of the ancient mitochondrial DNA sequences recovered from Neandertal bones’, Molecular Biological Evolution 19 (2002), 1,359–66.

P. P. Hesse , and G. H. McTainsh , ‘Last Glacial Maximum to Early Holocene wind strength in the mid-latitudes of the Southern Hemisphere from aeolian dust in the Tasman Sea’, Quaternary Research 52 (1999), 343–9.

Peter Hiscock , and Lynley Wallis , ‘Pleistocene settlement of deserts from an Australian perspective’, in Mike Smith Peter Veth and Peter Hiscock (eds.), Desert Peoples: Archaeological Perspectives, Oxford: Blackwell, 2005, pp. 3457.

458 N. N. Hubbard , ‘In search of regional palaeoclimates: Australia, 18,000 yr BP’, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 116 (1995), 167–88.

Georgi Hudjashov , Toomas Kivisild and Peter A. Underhill , et al., ‘Revealing the prehistoric settlement of Australia by Y chromosome and mtDNA analysis’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104 (2007), 8,726–30.

B. J. Johnson , Gifford H. Miller , M. L. Fogel , John W. Magee , M. K. Gagan and A. R. Chivas , ‘65,000 years of vegetation change in Central Australia and the Australian summer monsoon’, Science 284 (1999), 1,150–2.

Kurt Lambeck , Yusuke Yokoyama and Tony Purcell , ‘Into and out of the Last Glacial Maximum: Sea-level change during Oxygen Isotope Stages 3 and 2’, Quaternary Science Reviews 21 (2002), 343–60.

John. W. Magee , James M. Bowler , Gifford H. Miller and D. L. G. Williams , ‘Stratigraphy, sedimentology, chronology and palaeohydrology of Quaternary lacustrine deposits at Madigan Gulf, Lake Eyre, South Australia’, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 113 (1995), 342.

John. W. Magee , and Gifford H. Miller , ‘Lake Eyre palaeohydrology from 60 ka to the present: Beach ridges and glacial maximum aridity’, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 144 (1998), 307–29.

Paul Mellars , ‘Going east: New genetic and archaeological perspectives on the modern human colonization of Eurasia’, Science 313 (2006), 796800.

Armond Salvador Mijares , Florent Détroit , Philip Piper , Rainer Grün , Peter Bellwood , Maxime Aubert , Guillaume Champion , Nida Cuevas , Alexandra de Leon and Eusebio Dizon , ‘New evidence for a 67,000-year-old human presence at Callao Cave, Luzon, Philippines’, Journal of Human Evolution 59 (2010), 123–32.

Gifford H. Miller , John W. Magee and A. J. T. Jull , ‘Low-latitude cooling in the Southern Hemisphere from amino-acid racemization in emu eggshells’, Nature 385 (1997), 241–4.

Gifford H. Miller , John W. Magee , Beverly J. Johnson , Marilyn L. Fogel , Nigel A. Spooner , Malcom T. McCulloch and Linda K. Ayliffe , ‘Pleistocene extinction of Genyornis newtoni: Human impact on Australian megafauna’, Science 283 (1999), 205–8.

G. C. Nanson , D. M. Price and S. A. Short , ‘Wetting and drying of Australia over the past 300ka’, Geology 20 (1992), 791–4.

James F. O'Connell , and Jim Allen , ‘Dating the colonization of Sahul (Pleistocene Australia – New Guinea): A review of recent research’, Journal of Archaeological Science 31 (2004), 835–53.

James F. O'Connell , and Jim Allen , ‘459The Restaurant at the End of the Universe: Modelling the colonisation of Sahul’, Australian Archaeology 74 (2012), 517.

Kathryn Przywolnik , ‘Long-term transitions in hunter-gatherers of coastal northwestern Australia’, in Peter Veth , Mike Smith and Peter Hiscock (eds.), Desert Peoples: Archaeological Perspectives, Oxford: Blackwell, 2005, pp. 177205.

Morten Rasmussen , and Guo Xiaosen , et al., ‘An Aboriginal Australian genome reveals separate human dispersals into Asia’, Science 334 (2011), 94–8.

David Reich , Nick Patterson , Martin Kircher , Frederick Delfin , Madhusudan R. Nandineni , Irina Pugach , Albert Min-Shan Ko , Ying-Chin Ko , Timothy A. Jinam , Maude E. Phipps , Naruya Saitou , Andreas Wollstein , Manfred Kayser , Svante Pääbo and Mark Stoneking , ‘Denisova admixture and the first modern human dispersals into Southeast Asia and Oceania’, American Journal of Human Genetics 89 (2011), 516–28.

Richard G. Roberts , and Barry W. Brook , ‘And then there were none?’, Science 327 (2010), 420–2.

Richard G. Roberts , Rhys Jones and M. A. Smith , ‘Optical dating at Deaf Adder Gorge, Northern Territory, indicates human occupation between 53,000 and 60,000 years ago’, Australian Archaeology 37 (1993), 58–9.

Richard G. Roberts , Timothy F. Flannery , Linda K. Ayliffe , Hiroyuki Yoshida , Jon M. Olley and Gavin J. Prideaux , et al., ‘New ages for the last Australian megafauna: Continent-wide extinction about 46,000 years ago’, Science 292 (2001), 1,888–92.

Jeffrey I. Rose , Vitaly I. Usik , Anthony E. Marks , Yamandu H. Hilbert and Christopher S. Galletti , et al., ‘The Nubian Complex of Dhofar, Oman: An African Middle Stone Age industry in Southern Arabia’, PLoS ONE 6 (2011).

Susan Rule , Barry W. Brook , Simon G. Haberle , Chris S. M. Turney , A. Peter Kershaw and Christopher N. Johnson , ‘The aftermath of megafaunal extinction: Ecosystem transformation in Pleistocene Australia’, Science 335 (2012), 1,483–6.

Svante Sankararaman , Nick Patterson , Li Heng , Svante Paabo and David Reich , ‘The date of interbreeding between Neandertals and modern humans’, PLoS Genetics 8 (2012).

Aylwyn Scally , and Richard Durbin , ‘Revising the human mutation rate: Implications for understanding human evolution’, Nature Reviews Genetics 13 (2012), 745–53.

Mike A. Smith , Michael I. Bird , Charles S. M. Turney , L. Keith Fifield , G. M. Santos , P. A. Hausladen and M. L. di Tada , ‘New ABOX AMS-14C ages remove dating anomalies at Puritjarra rock shelter’, Australian Archaeology 53 (2001), 45–7.

460 John R. Stewart , and Chris B. Stringer , ‘Human evolution out of Africa: The role of refugia and climate change’, Science 335 (2012), 1,317–21.

Tim Stone , and Matthew L. Cupper , ‘Last Glacial Maximum ages for robust humans at Kow Swamp, southern Australia’, Journal of Human Evolution 45 (2003), 99111.

T. Torgersen , M. R. Jones , A. W. Stephens , D. E. Searle and W. J. Ullman , ‘Late Quaternary hydrological changes in the Gulf of Carpentaria’, Nature 313 (1985), 785–7.

Clive N. G. Trueman , Judith H. Field , Joe Dortch , Bethan Charles and Stephen Wroe , ‘Prolonged coexistence of humans and megafauna in Pleistocene Australia’, Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 102 (2005), 8,381–5.

Charles S. M. Turney , Michael I. Bird , L. Keith Fifield , Richard G. Roberts , Mike Smith and Charles E. Dortch , et al., ‘Early human occupation at Devil's Lair, southwestern Australia, 50,000 years ago’, Quaternary Research 55 (2001), 313.

Peter Veth , ‘Islands in the interior: A model for the colonization of Australia's arid zone’, Archaeology in Oceania 24 (1989), 8192.

Peter Veth , Michael Smith and James M. Bowler , et al., ‘Excavations at Parnkupirti, Lake Gregory, Great Sandy Desert: OSL ages for occupation before the Last Glacial Maximum’, Australian Archaeology 69 (2009), 110.

Alan N. Williams A new population curve for prehistoric Australia’, Proceedings of the Royal Society B280 (2013), 20130486.

Stephen Wroe , and Judith H. Field , ‘A review of the evidence for a human role in the extinction of Australian megafauna and an alternative interpretation’, Quaternary Science Reviews 25 (2006), 2,692–703.

Yusuke Yokoyama , Patrick de Deckker , Kurt Lambeck , Paul Johnston and L. Keith Fifield , ‘Sea-level at the Last Glacial Maximum: Evidence from northwestern Australia to constrain ice volumes for oxygen isotope stage 2’, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 165 (2001), 281–97.

David G. Anderson , and J. Christopher Gillam , “Paleoindian colonization of the Americas: Implications from an examination of physiography, demography, and artifact distribution,” American Antiquity 65 (2000), 4366.

Michael R. Bever , “An overview of Alaskan Late Pleistocene archaeology: Historical themes and current perspectives,” Journal of World Prehistory 15 (2001), 125–91.

Bruce A. Bradley , Michael B. Collins , and Andrew Hemmings , Clovis Technology, Ann Arbor, MI: International Monographs in Prehistory, 2010.

David A. Burney , and Timothy F. Flannery , “Fifty millennia of catastrophic extinctions after human contact,” Trends in Ecology and Evolution 20 (2005), 395401.

Tom D. Dillehay , “The Late Pleistocene cultures of South America,” Evolutionary Anthropology 7 (1999), 206–16.

Jon M. Erlandson , Torben C. Rick , Todd J. Braje , Molly Casperson , Brendan Culleton , Brian Fulfrost , Tracy Garcia , Daniel A. Guthrie , Nicholas Jew , Douglas J. Kennett , Madonna L. Moss , Leslie Reeder , Craig Skinner , Jack Watts , and Lauren Willis , “Paleoindian seafaring, maritime technologies, and coastal foraging on California's Channel Islands,” Science 331 (2011), 1,181–5.

George C. Frison , “Experimental use of Clovis weaponry and tools on African elephants,” American Antiquity 54 (1989), 766–84.

Ted Goebel , Michael R. Waters , and Dennis H. O'Rourke , “The Late Pleistocene dispersal of modern humans in the Americas,” Science 319 (2008), 1,497–502.

Donald K. Grayson , and David J. Meltzer , “Clovis hunting and large mammal extinction: A critical review of the evidence,” Journal of World Prehistory 16 (2002), 313–59.

Donald K. Grayson , and David J. Meltzer , “North American overkill continued?”, Journal of Archaeological Science 31 (2004), 133–6.

Marcus J. Hamilton , and Briggs Buchanan , “Spatial gradients in Clovis-age radiocarbon dates across North America suggest rapid colonization from the North,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 104 (2007), 15,625–30.

Robert L. Kelly , and Lawrence C. Todd , “Coming into the country: Early Paleoindian hunting and mobility,” American Antiquity 53 (1988), 23–4.

Juliet E. Morrow , and Toby A. Morrow , “Geographic variation in fluted projectile points: A hemispheric perspective,” American Antiquity 64 (1999), 215–31.

William J. Ripple , and Blaire van Valkenburgh , “Linking top-down forces to the Pleistocene megafaunal extinctions,” BioScience 60 (2010), 516–26.

Nicole M. Waguespack , “The organization of male and female labor in foraging societies: Implications for Early Paleoindian archaeology,” American Anthropologist 107 (2005), 666–76.

Nicole M. Waguespack , “Why we're still arguing about the Pleistocene occupation of the Americas,” Evolutionary Anthropology 16 (2007), 6374.

Nicole M. Waguespack , and Todd A. Surovell , “Clovis hunting strategies, or how to make out on plentiful resources,” American Antiquity 68 (2003), 333–52.

Michael R. Waters , and Thomas W. Stafford , “Redefining the age of Clovis: Implications for the peopling of the Americas,” Science 315 (2007), 1,122–6.

Michael R. Waters , Steven L. Forman , Thomas A. Jennings , Lee C. Nordt , Steven G. Driese , Joshua M. Feinberg , Joshua L. Keene , Jessi Halligan , Anna Lindquist , James Pierson , Charles T. Hallmark , Michael B. Collins , and James E. Wiederhold , “The Buttermilk Creek complex and the origins of Clovis at the Debra L. Friedkin Site, Texas,” Science 331 (2011), 1,599–603.

Dipesh Chakrabarty , “The climate of history: Four theses,” Critical Inquiry 35 (2009), 197222.

Judith H. Field , and Stephen Wroe , ‘Aridity, faunal adaptations and Australian Late Pleistocene extinctions’, World Archaeology 44 (2012), 5674.

Bonnie Pitblado , “A tale of two migrations: Reconciling recent biological and archaeological evidence for the Pleistocene peopling of the Americas,” Journal of Archaeological Research 19 (2011), 327–75.


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 269
Total number of PDF views: 4414 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 7851 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd September 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.