Skip to main content
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 2
  • Cited by
    This (lowercase (translateProductType product.productType)) has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Kaya, Defne Yertutanol, Fatma Duygu Kaya and Calik, Mahmut 2018. Proprioception in Orthopaedics, Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation. p. 3.

    van den Bos, Mehdi A. J. Geevasinga, Nimeshan Menon, Parvathi Burke, David Kiernan, Matthew C. and Vucic, Steve 2017. Physiological processes influencing motor-evoked potential duration with voluntary contraction. Journal of Neurophysiology, Vol. 117, Issue. 3, p. 1156.

  • Print publication year: 2012
  • Online publication date: May 2012

10 - Propriospinal Transmission of Descending Motor Commands

Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Circuitry of the Human Spinal Cord
  • Online ISBN: 9781139026727
  • Book DOI:
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *


Abbruzzese, M., Rubino, V. & Schieppati, M. (1996). Task-dependent effects evoked by foot muscle afferents on leg muscle activity in humans. Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology 101, 339–348.
Alstermark, B. & Kümmel, H. (1990). Transneuronal transport of wheat germ agglutinin conjugated horseradish peroxidase into last order spinal interneurones projecting to acromio- and spinodeltoideus motoneurones in the cat. 2. Differential labelling of interneurones depending on movement type. Experimental Brain Research, 80, 96–103.
Alstermark, B. & Sasaki, S. (1986). Integration in descending motor pathways controlling the forelimb in the cat. 14. Differential projection to fast and slow motoneurones from excitatory C3-C4 propriospinal neurones. Experimental Brain Research 63, 530–542.
Alstermark, B., Isa, T., Ohki, Y. & Saito, Y. (1999). Disynaptic pyramidal excitation in forelimb motoneurones mediated via C3-C4 propriospinal neurones in Macaca fuscata. Journal of Neurophysiology 82, 3580–3585.
Alstermark, B., Isa, T., Pettersson, L. G. & SasakiS. (2007). The C3-C4 propriospinal system in the cat and monkey: a spinal pre-motoneuronal centre for voluntary motor control. Acta Physiologica 189, 123–140.
Alstermark, B., Petterson, L. G., Nishimura, Y., Yoshino-Saito, K., Tsuboi, F., Takahashi, M. & Isa, T. (2011). Motor command for precision grip in the macaque monkey can be mediated by spinal interneurons. Journal of Neurophysiology 106, 122–126.
Baldissera, F. & Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. (1989). Facilitation of the transmission in the pathway of non-monosynaptic Ia excitation to wrist flexor motoneurones at the onset of voluntary movement in man. Experimental Brain Research 74, 437–439.
Bradnam, L. V., Stinear, C. M., & Byblow, W. D. (2011). Cathodal transcranial direct stimulation suppresses ipsilateral projections to presumed proximal neurons of the proximal upper limb. Journal of Neurophysiology 105, 2582–2589.
Burke, D. (2001). Clinical relevance of the putative C3–4 propriospinal system in humans. Muscle & Nerve 24, 1437–1439.
Burke, D., Gracies, J. M., Mazevet, D., Meunier, S. & Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. (1992a). Convergence of descending and various peripheral inputs onto common propriospinal-like neurones in man. Journal of Physiology 449, 655–671.
Burke, D., Gracies, J. M., Meunier, S. & Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. (1992b). Changes in presynaptic inhibition of afferents to propriospinal-like neurones in man during voluntary contractions. Journal of Physiology 449, 673–687.
Burke, D., Gracies, J. M., Mazevet, D., Meunier, S. & Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. (1994). Non-monosynaptic transmission of the cortical command for voluntary movement in man. Journal of Physiology 480, 191–202.
Chaix, Y., Marque, P., Meunier, S., Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. & Simonetta-Moreau, M. (1997). Further evidence for non-monosynaptic group I excitation of motoneurones in the human lower limb. Experimental Brain Research 115, 35–46.
Crone, C. & Nielsen, J. (1989). Spinal mechanisms in man contributing to reciprocal inhibition during voluntary dorsiflexion of the foot. Journal of Physiology 416, 255–272.
Crone, C., Hultborn, H., Mazières, al. (1990). Sensitivity of monosynaptic test reflexes to facilitation and inhibition as a function of the test reflex size: a study in man and the cat. Experimental Brain Research 81, 35–45.
Dietz, V. (2002). Do human bipeds use quadrupedal coordination?Trends in Neurosciences 25: 462–467.
Forget, R., Pantieri, R., Pierrot-Deseilligny, E., Shindo, M. & Tanaka, R. (1989a). Facilitation of quadriceps motoneurones by group I afferents from pretibial flexors in man. 1. Possible interneuronal pathway. Experimental Brain Research 78, 10–20.
Forget, R., Hultborn, H., Meunier, S., Pantieri, R. & Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. (1989b). Facilitation of quadriceps motoneurones by group I afferents from pretibial flexors in man. 2. Changes occurring during voluntary contraction. Experimental Brain Research 78, 21–27.
Giboin, L. S., Lackmy-ValléeA., Burke, D. & Marchand-Pauvert, V. (2012). Enhanced propriospinal excitation from hand muscles to wrist flexors during reach-to-grasp in humans. Journal of Neurophysiology433, 532–543.
Gracies, J. M., Meunier, S., Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. & Simonetta, M. (1991). Pattern of propriospinal-like excitation to different species of human upper limb motoneurones. Journal of Physiology 434, 151–167.
Gracies, J. M., Meunier, S. & Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. (1994). Evidence for corticospinal excitation of presumed propriospinal neurones in man. Journal of Physiology 475, 509–518.
Hultborn, H., Meunier, S., Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. & Shindo, M. (1986). Changes in polysynaptic Ia excitation to quadriceps motoneurones during voluntary contraction in man. Experimental Brain Research 63, 436–438.
Iglesias, C., Marchand-Pauvert, V., Lourenço, G., Burke, D. & Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. (2007). Task-related changes in propriospinal excitation from hand muscles to human flexor carpi radialis motoneurones. Journal of Physiology 582, 1361–1379.
Isa, T., Ohki, Y., Seki, K. & Alstermark, B. (2006). Properties of propriospinal neurons in the C3-C4 segments mediating disynaptic pyramidal excitation to forelimb motoneurons in the macaque monkey. Journal of Neurophysiology 95, 3674–3685.
Isa, T., Ohki, Y., Alstermark, B., Pettersson, L. G. & Sasaki, S. (2007). Direct and indirect cortico-motoneuronal pathways and control of hand/arm movements. Physiology 22, 145–152.
Kirkwood, P. A., Maier, M. A. & Lemon, R. N. (2002). Interspecies comparisons for the C3-C4 propriospinal system: unresolved issues. Advances in Experimental Medicine & Biology 508, 299–308.
Lemon, R. N. (2008). Descending pathways in motor control. Annual Review of Neuroscience 31, 195–218.
Lemon, R. N. & GriffithsJ. (2005). Comparing the function of the corticospinal system in different species: organizational differences for motor specialization?Muscle & Nerve 32, 261–279.
Lourenço, G., Iglesias, C., Cavallari, P., Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. & Marchand-Pauvert, V. (2006). Mediation of late excitation from human hand muscles via parallel group II spinal and group I transcortical pathways. Journal of Physiology 572, 585–603.
Lourenço, G., Iglesias, C. & Marchand-Pauvert, V. (2007a). Effects produced in human arm and forearm motoneurones after electrical stimulation of ulnar and median nerves at wrist level. Experimental Brain Research 178, 267–284.
Lourenço, G., Bleton, J. P., Iglesias, C., Vidailhet, M. & Marchand-Pauvert, V. (2007b). Abnormal spinal interactions from hand afferents to forearm muscles in writer’s cramp. Clinical Neurophysiology 118, 2215–2226.
Lundberg, A. (1999). Descending control of forelimb movements in the cat. Brain Research Bulletin 50, 323–324.
Maertens de Noordhout, A., Rapisarda, G., Bogacz, al. (1999). Corticomotoneuronal synaptic connections in normal man. An electrophysiological study. Brain 122, 1327–1340.
Maier, M. A., Illert, M., Kirkwood, P. A., Nielsen, J. & Lemon, R. N. (1998). Does a C3-C4 propriospinal system transmit corticospinal excitation in the primate? An investigation in the macaque monkey. Journal of Physiology 511, 191–212.
Malmgren, K. & Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. (1987). Evidence that low threshold afferents both evoke and depress polysynaptic excitation of wrist flexor motoneurones in man. Experimental Brain Research 67, 429–432.
Malmgren, K. & Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. (1988a). Evidence for non-monosynaptic Ia excitation of human wrist flexor motoneurones, possibly via propriospinal neurones. Journal of Physiology 405, 747–764.
Malmgren, K. & Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. (1988b). Inhibition of neurones transmitting non-monosynaptic Ia excitation to human wrist flexor motoneurones. Journal of Physiology 405, 765–783.
Marchand-Pauvert, V. & Iglesias, C. (2008). Properties of human spinal interneurones: normal and dystonic control. Journal of Physiology 586, 1247–1256.
Marchand-Pauvert, V., Mazevet, D., Pierrot-Deseilligny, E., Pol, S. & Pradat-Diehl, P. (1999a). Handedness-related asymmetry in transmission in a system of human cervical premotoneurones. Experimental Brain Research 125, 323–334.
Marchand-Pauvert, V., Simonetta-Moreau, M. & Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. (1999b). Cortical control of spinal pathways mediating group II excitation to thigh motoneurones. Journal of Physiology 517, 301–313.
Marchand-Pauvert, V., Mazevet, D., Nielsen, J., Petersen, N. & Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. (2000). Distribution of non-monosynaptic excitation to early and late recruited units in human forearm muscles. Experimental Brain Research 134, 274–278.
Marchand-Pauvert, V., Mazevet, D., Pradat-Diehl, P., Alstermark, B. & Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. (2001). Interruption of a relay of corticospinal excitation by a spinal lesion at C6-C7. Muscle & Nerve 24, 1554–1561.
Marque, P., Nicolas, G., Marchand-Pauvert, al. (2001). Group I projections from intrinsic foot muscles to motoneurones of leg and thigh muscles in humans. Journal of Physiology 536, 313–327.
Martin, P. G., Gandevia, S. G. & Taylor, J. L. (2007). Muscle fatigue changes cutaneous suppression of propriospinal drive to human upper limb muscles. Journal of Physiology 580, 211–223.
Mazevet, D. & Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. (1994). Pattern of descending excitation of presumed propriospinal neurones at the onset of voluntary movement in humans. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 150, 27–38.
Mazevet, D., Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. & Rothwell, J. C. (1996). A propriospinal-like contribution to EMG responses evoked in wrist extensor muscles by transcranial stimulation of the motor cortex in man. Experimental Brain Research 109, 495–499.
Mazevet, D., Meunier, S., Pradat-Diehl, P., Marchand-Pauvert, V. & Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. (2003). Changes in propriospinally-mediated excitation of upper limb motoneurones in stroke patients. Brain 126, 988–1000.
Nakajima, K., Maier, M. A., Kirkwood, P. A. & Lemon, R. N. (2000). Striking differences in transmission of corticospinal excitation to upper limb motoneurones in two primate species. Journal of Neurophysiology 84, 698–709.
Nicolas, G., Marchand-Pauvert, V., Burke, D. & Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. (2001). Corticospinal excitation of presumed cervical propriospinal neurones and its reversal to inhibition in humans. Journal of Physiology 533, 903–919.
Nielsen, J. & Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. (1991). Pattern of cutaneous inhibition of the propriospinal-like excitation to human upper limb motoneurones. Journal of Physiology 434, 169–182.
Nielsen, J., Morita, H., Baumgarten, J., Petersen, N. & Christensen, L. O. (1999). On the comparability of H-reflexes and MEPs. Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology Supplement 51, 93–101.
Olivier, E., Baker, S. N., Nakajima, K., Brochier, T. & Lemon, R. N. (2001). Investigation into non-monosynaptic corticospinal excitation of macaque upper limb single motor units. Journal of Neurophysiology 86, 1573–1586.
Pauvert, V., Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. & Rothwell, J. C. (1998). Role of spinal premotoneurones in mediating corticospinal input to forearm motoneurones in man. Journal of Physiology 508, 301–312.
Perlmutter, S. I. (2009). Primates interneurons. In: Encyclopedia of Neurosciences, vol. 3, Ed. Squire, L. R., pp. 1045–1054. Oxford, Academic Press.
Pettersson, L. G., Alstermark, B., Braglovechtchenski, E., Isa, T. & Sasaki, S. (2007). Skilled digit movements in feline and primate – recovery after selective spinal cord lesions. Acta Physiologica 189, 141–154.
Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. (1996). Transmission of the cortical command for human voluntary movement through cervical propriospinal premotoneurones. Progress in Neurobiology 48, 489–517.
Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. (2002). Propriospinal transmission of part of the corticospinal excitation in humans. Muscle & Nerve 26,155–172.
Pierrot-Deseilligny, E. & Marchand-Pauvert, V. (2002). A cervical propriospinal system in man. Advances in Experimental Medicine & Biology 508, 273–279.
Pierrot-Deseilligny, E., Mazevet, D. & Meunier, S. (1995). Cutaneous inhibition of the descending command passing through the propriospinal relay might contribute to curtail human movements. In: Alpha and Gamma Motor System, eds. Taylor, A., Gladden, M. H. & Durbaba, R., pp. 607–615. Plenum, New York.
Pol, S., Vidailhet, M., Meunier, al. (1998). Overactivity of cervical premotor neurons in Parkinson’s disease. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, & Psychiatry 64, 166–171.
Raphael, G., Tsianos, G. A. & Loeb, G. E. (2010). Spinal-like regulator facilitates control of a two-degree-of-freedom wrist. Journal of Neuroscience 30, 9431–9443.
Roberts, L. V., Stinear, C. M., Lewis, G. N. & Byblow, W. D. (2008). Task-dependent modulation of propriospinal inputs to human shoulder. Journal of Neurophysiology 100, 2109–2114.
Sasaki, S., Isa, T., Pettersson, L. al. (2004). Dexterous finger movements in primate without monosynaptic corticomotoneuronal excitation. Journal of Neurophysiology 92, 3142–3147.
Schomburg, E. D. (1990). Spinal sensorimotor systems and their supraspinal control. Neuroscience Research 7, 265–340.
Stinear, J. W. & Byblow, W. D. (2004a). Modulation of human cervical premotoneurons during bilateral voluntary contraction of upper-limb muscles. Muscle & Nerve 29, 506–514.
Stinear, J. W. & Byblow, W. D. (2004b). The contribution of cervical propriospinal premotoneurons in recovering hemiparetic stroke patients. Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology 21, 426–434.
Stracke, C. P., Pettersson, L. G., Schoth, F., Möller-Hartmann, W. & Krings, T. (2005). Interneuronal systems of the cervical spinal cord assessed with BOLD imaging at 1.5 T. Neuroradiology 47, 127–133.
Taylor, B. A., Ridding, M. C. & Rothwell, J. C. (1995). Some evidence for a mid-thoracic nucleus in the human motor pathway. In: Alpha and Gamma Motor Systems, eds. Taylor, A., Gladden, M. H. & Durbaba, R., pp. 629–631. Plenum, New York.
Turton, A., Wroe, S., Trepte, N., Fraser, C. & Lemon, R. N. (1996). Contralateral and ipsilateral EMG responses to transcranial magnetic stimulation during recovery of arm and hand function after stroke. Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology 101, 316–328.