Skip to main content Accessibility help
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 7
  • Print publication year: 2014
  • Online publication date: December 2014

3 - Speech act annotation

from Part I - Corpora and speech acts


Allen, J. and Core, M. 1997. Draft of DAMSL: Dialog Act Markup in Several Layers. Online at:
Androutsopoulos, I. and Aretoulaki, M. 2003. Natural language interaction. In R. Mitkov (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Computational Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Archer, D., Culpeper, J. and Davies, M. 2008. Pragmatic annotation. In A. Lüdeling and M. Kytö (eds), Corpus Linguistics: An International Handbook, pp. 613–641. Mouton de Gruyter.
Austin, J. L. 1962. How To Do Things With Words. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Biber, D., Johansson, S., Leech, G., Conrad, S. and Finegan, E. 1999. Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. London: Longman.
Bunt, H., Alexandersson, J., Carletta, J., Choe, J.-W., Fang, A., Hasida, K., Lee, K., Pethukova, V., Popescu-Belis, A., Romary, L., Soria, C. and Traum, D. 2010. Towards an ISO standard for dialogue annotation. In Proceedings of the Seventh Conference on International Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2010), pp. 2548–2555.
De Eugenio, B., Jordan, P. and Pylkkänen, L. 1998. The COCONUT project: Dialogue Annotation Manual. ISP Technical Report 98–1.
Godfrey, J. and Holliman, E. 1997. Switchboard-1 Release 2. Philadelphia: Linguistic Data Consortium. Online at:
Godfrey, J., Holliman, E. and McDaniel, J. 1992. SWITCHBOARD: Telephone speech corpus for research and development. In Proceedings of ICASSP, vol. 1, pp. 517–520.
Heeman, P. and Allen, J. 1995. The Trains 93 Dialogues: TRAINS Technical Note 94–2. Computer Science Department, The University of Rochester. Online at:
Hobbs, J. 2006. Abduction in natural language understanding. In L. Horn and G. Ward (eds), The Handbook of Pragmatics. Oxford: Blackwell.
Horn, L. and Ward, G. 2006. The Handbook of Pragmatics. Oxford: Blackwell. (Paperback edition of 2004.)
Jurafsky, D. 2006. Pragmatics and computational linguistics. In L. Horn and G. Ward (eds), The Handbook of Pragmatics, pp. 578–604. Oxford: Blackwell.
Jurafsky, D., Shriberg, E. and Biasca, D. 1997. Switchboard SWBD-DAMSL Shallow-Discourse-Function Annotation Coder Manual. Online at:
Klein, M. 1999. Standardisation efforts on the level of dialogue act in the MATE project. In Proceedings of the ACL Workshop ‘Towards Standards and Tools for Discourse Tagging’, pp. 35–41.
Leech, G. and Weisser, M. 2003. Generic speech act annotation for task-oriented dialogues. In D. Archer, P. Rayson, A. Wilson and T. McEnery (eds), Proceedings of the Corpus Linguistics 2003 Conference. Lancaster University: UCREL Technical Papers, vol. 16.
Leech, G., Weisser, M., Wilson, A. and Grice, M. 2000. Survey and guidelines for the representation and annotation of dialogue. In D. Gibbon, I. Mertins and R. Moore (eds), Handbook of Multimodal and Spoken Language Systems. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.
Mitkov, R. (ed.) 2003. The Oxford Handbook of Computational Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sacks, H., Schegloff, E. and Jefferson, G. 1974. A simplest systematics for the organization of turn-taking for conversation. Language 50 (4): 697–735.
Searle, J. 1969. Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Simpson, R., Briggs, S., Ovens, J. and Swales, J. 2002. The Michigan Corpus of Academic Spoken English. Ann Arbor, MI: The Regents of the University of Michigan.
Stent, A. 2000. The Monroe Corpus. Technical Report 728/TN 99-2, Computer Science Department, The University of Rochester. Online at:
Stiles, W. 1992. Describing Talk: A Taxonomy of Verbal Response Modes. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Stolcke, A., Ries, K., Coccaro, N., Shriberg, E., Bates, R., Jurafsky, D., Taylor, P., Martin, R., Meteer, M. and Van Ess-Dykema, C. 2000. Dialogue act modelling for automatic tagging and recognition of conversational speech. Computational Linguistics 26: 339–371.
Taylor, A. 1995. Dysfluency Annotation Stylebook for the Switchboard Corpus. University of Pennsylvania, Department of Computer and Information Science ( Original version by Marie Meteer et al.
W3C 2010. XML Technology: W3C. Online at: (accessed 11 March 2011).
Weisser, M. 2002. Determining generic elements in dialogue. In Language, Information and Lexicography, vols 12, 13, pp. 131–156. Institute of Language and Information Studies, Yonsei University.
Weisser, M. 2003. SPAACy: A semi-automated tool for annotating dialogue acts. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics 8 (1): 63–74.
Weisser, M. 2004. Tagging dialogues in SPAACy. In J. Véronis (ed.), Traitement Automatique des Langues: Le Traitement Automatique des Corpus Oraux, vol. 45, pp. 131–157.
Weisser, M. 2010. Annotating Dialogue Corpora Semi-Automatically: A Corpus-Based Approach to Pragmatics. Unpublished habilitation, University of Bayreuth.
Weisser, M. 2014. The Dialogue Annotation and Research Tool (DART) (Version 1.0) [Computer Software]. Available from