In this chapter we have concentrated on Callicott’s interpretation of Leopold as an ecoholist, because that has been the most widely read and discussed interpretation. For an alternative, the reader should see either of the following works by Bryan Norton, who reads Leopold as a pragmatist who believed that the implications of ecoholism and a kind of enlightened anthropocentrism converge in practice. Readers interested in Leopold’s development as a scientist should see his professional biography by Flader (1974).
Flader, S.L. (1974). Thinking Like a Mountain: Aldo Leopold and the Evolution of an Ecological Attitude Toward Deer, Wolves, And Forests. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press.
Lo, Y.S. (2001). “The land ethic and Callicott’s ethical system (1980–2001): An overview and critique.” Inquiry, 44, 331–358.
Millstein, Roberta L. (2015). “Re-examining the Darwinian basis for Aldo Leopold’s Land Ethic,” Ethics, Policy & Environment, 18, 301–317.
Norton, Bryan G. (1987). “The Constancy of Leopold’s Land Ethic.” Conservation Biology 2: 93–102.
Norton, Bryan G. (1991). “Aldo Leopold and the Search for an Integrated Theory of Environmental Management.” In Norton, Bryan, Toward Unity Among Environmentalists. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 39–60.
Ouderkirk, W. and Hill, J. eds. (2002) Land, Value, Community: Callicott and Environmental Philosophy. Albany: State University of New York Press.