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    Mohapatra, Debasish Rath, Sakti Kanta and Mohapatra, Pradipta Kumar 2018. Mycoremediation and Environmental Sustainability. p. 181.

    Vijaya Kumar, Vankayalapati 2017. Mycoremediation and Environmental Sustainability. p. 171.

    Ijoma, G. N. and Tekere, M. 2017. Potential microbial applications of co-cultures involving ligninolytic fungi in the bioremediation of recalcitrant xenobiotic compounds. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 14, Issue. 8, p. 1787.

    Kaur, Harsimran Kapoor, Shammi and Kaur, Gaganjyot 2016. Application of ligninolytic potentials of a white-rot fungus Ganoderma lucidum for degradation of lindane. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, Vol. 188, Issue. 10,

    Rodríguez-Couto, Susana 2016. Fungal Applications in Sustainable Environmental Biotechnology. p. 91.

    Carranza, Cecilia S. Barberis, Carla L. Chiacchiera, Stella M. and Magnoli, Carina E. 2014. Influence of the pesticides glyphosate, chlorpyrifos and atrazine on growth parameters of nonochratoxigenicAspergillussectionNigristrains isolated from agricultural soils. Journal of Environmental Science and Health, Part B, Vol. 49, Issue. 10, p. 747.

    Chenaux, Peter R Lalji, Narisa and Lefebvre, Daniel D 2014. Trametes meyenii possesses elevated dye degradation abilities under normal nutritional conditions compared to other white rot fungi. AMB Express, Vol. 4, Issue. 1,

    Siripornprasarn, Apaporn Luepromchai, Ekawan and Nanny, Mark A. 2011. Mechanisms by Which Soluble Humic Substances Alter the Kinetics of Pentachlorophenol Transformation by Trametes versicolor Laccase. Environmental Engineering Science, Vol. 28, Issue. 11, p. 819.

    Magan, Naresh Fragoeiro, Silvia and Bastos, Catarina 2010. Environmental Factors and Bioremediation of Xenobiotics Using White Rot Fungi. Mycobiology, Vol. 38, Issue. 4, p. 238.

    Qayyum, Husain Maroof, Husain and Yasha, Kulshrestha 2009. Remediation and treatment of organopollutants mediated by peroxidases: a review. Critical Reviews in Biotechnology, Vol. 29, Issue. 2, p. 94.

    Adenipekun, Clementina O. and Isikhuemhen, Omoanghe S. 2008. Bioremediation of Engine Oil Polluted Soil by the Tropical White Rot Fungus,Lentinus squarrosulus Mont. (Singer). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol. 11, Issue. 12, p. 1634.

    Marco-Urrea, Ernest Gabarrell, Xavier Caminal, Gloria Vicent, Teresa and Adinarayana Reddy, C 2008. Aerobic degradation by white-rot fungi of trichloroethylene (TCE) and mixtures of TCE and perchloroethylene (PCE). Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, Vol. 83, Issue. 9, p. 1190.

    Anastasi, Antonella Varese, Giovanna C. Casieri, Leonardo and Marchisio, Valeria Filipello 2006. Basidiomycetes from Compost and their Dye Degradation and Enzyme Activities. Compost Science & Utilization, Vol. 14, Issue. 4, p. 284.

  • Print publication year: 2001
  • Online publication date: October 2009

3 - Bioremediation potential of white rot fungi



Environmental pollutants are a serious concern worldwide because of the hazards they pose to the health of humans and animals. An estimated 80 billion pounds of hazardous organopollutants are produced annually by the chemical, agricultural, oil, paper, textile, aerospace, and other industries in the USA alone (Aust, 1990). Only about 10% of these wastes are believed to be disposed of in an environmentally safe manner (EPA, 1988; Fernando & Aust, 1994). Traditional methods of disposing of hazardous wastes (physical, chemical, and thermal treatments and land filling) have not always been efficacious. It has been estimated that it costs about one trillion dollars to decontaminate toxic waste sites in the USA alone using traditional waste disposal methods (Barr & Aust, 1994). Considering these staggering costs for cleaning up the environment, an alternative, rapid, efficacious and cost-effective method is needed. One method that has become increasingly popular for decontamination of the environment has been bioremediation. The use of indigenous or suitable introduced microorganisms at contamination sites often provides an efficient and economically attractive solution to the pollution problem. One of the early reports indicated that lignin-degrading white rot fungi, as exemplified by Phanerochaete chrysosporium, can degrade an extremely diverse group of environmental pollutants (Bumpus et al., 1985). Since then, there has been intense worldwide research to unravel the potential of white rot fungi in bioremediation. This ability of white rot fungi to degrade a wide spectrum of environmental pollutants sets them apart from many other microbes used in bioremediation.

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Fungi in Bioremediation
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