Skip to main content
×
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2017
  • Online publication date: April 2017

19 - Energy-Harvesting Based D2D Communication in Heterogeneous Networks

from Part III - Network Protocols, Algorithms, and Design
Summary

Introduction

Direct communication between user equipment (UE) – termed device-to-device (D2D) communication – is envisioned as an intriguing solution to meet the growing demand for local wireless service in fifth generation (5G) networks. Taking advantage of physical proximity, D2D communication is blazing the trail for a flexible infrastructure and boasts the potential benefits of high spectral efficiency, low power consumption, and reduced end-to-end latency. Meanwhile, the heterogeneous network has been emerging as another promising technology for 5G, where by overlaying macrocells with a large number of small-cell access points (APs), it can provide higher coverage and throughput. The idea of using D2D communication to perform mobile relaying in a heterogeneous network is attractive, since together with the better link quality provided by the heterogeneous network in the first hop, D2D communication is able to provide flexible relay selection and enhanced link quality in the second hop, and an overall throughput improvement is therefore foreseeable. However, a problem of fairness arises as the UE relay (UER) needs to consume power to forward information to other UEs. One way to address this issue is to use energy harvesting (EH) technology, which enables devices to harvest energy from their surrounding environments. By adopting EH techniques at each UE, devices can harvest energy from the surrounding environment and use only the harvested energy for relaying, thus preventing power loss from their own battery. In this chapter, we try to coalesce EH technology, D2D communication, and the heterogeneous network into one called the D2D-communication-provided EH heterogeneous network (D2D-EHHN), and investigate the effect of different network parameters as well as provide design insights.

D2D communication has been proposed as a new way to enhance network performance by allowing UEs to communicate directly with their corresponding destinations instead of using a base station (BS) or AP [1–3]. To realize the potential advantages of D2D communication, efforts also need to be made to address the challenges that abound, including peer discovery, mode selection, and interference management in shared networks. In response, various solutions have been proposed. In particular, for resource management, methods to enhance the network throughput include allocating optimal proportions of time [4, 5] or spectrum [6] to activate D2D communication, and joint spectrum scheduling and power control [7].

Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

Key Technologies for 5G Wireless Systems
  • Online ISBN: 9781316771655
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316771655
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
×
[1] K., Doppler, M., Rinne, C., Wijting, C., Ribeiro, and K., Hugl, “Device-to-device communication as an underlay to LTE-Advanced networks,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 47, no. 12, pp. 42–49, Dec. 2009.
[2] G., Fodor, E., Dahlman, G.Mildh, S., Parkvall, N., Reider, G., Miklós, and Z., Turányi, “Design aspects of network assisted device-to-device communications,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 170–177, Mar. 2012.
[3] X., Lin, J. G., Andrews, A., Ghosh, and R., Ratasuk, “An overview on 3GPP device-to-device proximity services,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 40–48, Apr. 2014.
[4] Q., Ye, M., Al-Shalash, C., Caramanis, and J. G., Andrews, “Resource optimization in device-to-device cellular systems using time–frequency hopping,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 5467–5480, Oct. 2014.
[5] Q., Ye, M., Al-Shalash, C., Caramanis, and J. G., Andrews, “Distributed resource allocation in device-to-device enhanced cellular networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 441–454, Feb. 2015.
[6] X., Lin, J. G., Andrews, and A., Ghosh, “Spectrum sharing for device-to-device communication in cellular networks,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 13, no. 12, pp. 6727–6740, Dec. 2014.
[7] C. H., Yu, K., Doppler, C., Ribeiro, and O., Tirkkonen, “Resource sharing optimization for device-to-device communication underlaying cellular networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 10, no. 8, pp. 2752–2763, Aug. 2011.
[8] K., Doppler, C. H., Yu, C. B., Ribeiro, and P., Janis, “Mode selection for device-to-device communication underlaying an LTE-Advanced network,” in Proc. of IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conf. (WCNC), Apr. 2010.
[9] S., Hakola, T., Chen, J., Lehtomaki, and T., Koskela, “Device-to-device (D2D) communication in cellular network-performance analysis of optimum and practical communication mode selection,” in Proc. of IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conf. (WCNC), Apr. 2010.
[10] S., Burleigh, A., Hooke, L., Torgerson, K., Fall, V., Cerf, B., Durst, K., Scott, and H., Weiss, “Delay-tolerant networking: An approach to interplanetary Internet,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 41, no. 6, pp. 128–136, Jun. 2003.
[11] H., Nishiyama, M., Ito, and N., Kato, “Relay-by-smartphone: Realizing multihop device-to-device communications,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 56–65, Apr. 2014.
[12] T. Q. S., Quek, G., de la Roche, I., Güvenç, and M., Kountouris, Small Cell Networks: Deployment, PHY Techniques, and Resource Management, Cambridge University Press, 2013.
[13] W. C., Cheung, T. Q. S., Quek, and M., Kountouris, “Throughput optimization, spectrum allocation, and access control in two-tier femtocell networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 561–574, Apr. 2012.
[14] H. S., Dhillon, R. K., Ganti, F., Baccelli, and J. G., Andrews, “Modeling and analysis of K-tier downlink heterogeneous cellular networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 30, no. 3, pp. 550–560, Apr. 2012.
[15] M., Wildemeersch, T. Q. S., Quek, C., Slump, and A., Rabbachin, “Cognitive small cell networks: Energy efficiency and trade-offs,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 61, no. 9, pp. 4016–4029, Sep. 2013.
[16] Y. S., Soh, T. Q. S., Quek, M., Kountouris, and H., Shin, “Energy efficient heterogeneous cellular networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 31, no. 5, pp. 840–850, Apr. 2013.
[17] Q., Ye, B., Rong, Y., Chen, M., Al-Shalash, C., Caramanis, and J. G., Andrews, “User association for load balancing in heterogeneous cellular networks,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 2706–2716, Jun. 2013.
[18] J., Lee and T. Q. S., Quek, “Hybrid full-/half-duplex system analysis in heterogeneous wireless networks,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 2883–2895, May 2015.
[19] M., Peng, Y., Liu, D., Wei, W., Wang, and H. H., Chen, “Hierarchical cooperative relay based heterogeneous networks,” IEEE Wireless Commun., vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 48–56, Jun. 2011.
[20] J., Bang, J., Lee, S., Kim, and D., Hong, “An efficient relay selection strategy for random cognitive relay networks,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 1555–1566, Mar. 2015.
[21] I., Krikidis, S., Timotheou, S., Nikolaou, G., Zheng, D. W. K., Ng, and R., Schober, “Simultaneous wireless information and power transfer in modern communication systems,” IEEE Commun. Mag., vol. 52, no. 11, pp. 104–110, Nov. 2014.
[22] A., Kurs, A., Karalis, R., Moffatt, J. D., Joannopoulos, P., Fisher, and M., Soljaçić, “Wireless power transfer via strongly coupled magnetic resonances,” Science, vol. 317, no. 5834, pp. 83–86, Jul. 2007.
[23] O., Ozel, K., Tutuncuoglu, J., Yang, S., Ulukus, and A., Yener, “Transmission with energy harvesting nodes in fading wireless channels: Optimal policies,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 29, no. 8, pp. 1732–1743, Sep. 2011.
[24] K., Tutuncuoglu and A., Yener, “Optimum transmission policies for battery limited energy harvesting nodes,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 1180–1189, Mar. 2012.
[25] A. A., Nasir, X., Zhou, S., Durrani, and R. A., Kennedy, “Relaying protocols for wireless energy harvesting and information processing,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 12, no. 7, pp. 3622–3636, Jul. 2013.
[26] I., Krikidis, S., Timotheou, and S., Sasaki, “RF energy transfer for cooperative networks: Data relaying or energy harvesting?” IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 16, no. 11, pp. 1772–1775, Nov. 2012.
[27] Y., Luo, J., Zhang, and K. B., Letaief, “Throughput maximization for two-hop energy harvesting communication systems,” in Proc. of IEEE International Conf. on Communications (ICC), Jun. 2013.
[28] M., Maso, S., Lakshminarayana, T. Q. S., Quek, and V. H., Poor, “A composite approach to self-sustainable transmission: Rethinking OFDM,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 62, no. 11, pp. 3904–3917, Nov. 2014.
[29] M., Maso, C. F., Liu, C. H., Lee, T. Q. S., Quek, and L. S., Cardoso, “Energy-recycling full-duplex radios for next-generation networks,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 33, no. 12, pp. 2948–2962, Dec. 2015.
[30] K., Huang and V., Lau, “Enabling wireless power transfer in cellular networks: Architecture, modeling and deployment,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 4788–4799, Feb. 2014.
[31] K., Huang, “Spatial throughput of mobile ad hoc networks with energy harvesting,” IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol. 59, no. 11, pp. 7597–7612, Nov. 2013.
[32] I., Krikidis, “Simultaneous information and energy transfer in large-scale networks with/without relaying,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 62, no. 3, pp. 900–912, Mar. 2014.
[33] J. G., Andrews, F., Baccelli, and R. K., Ganti, “A tractable approach to coverage and rate in cellular networks,” IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 59, no. 11, pp. 3122–3134, Nov. 2011.
[34] B., Blaszczyszyn, M. K., Karray, and H. P., Keeler, “Using Poisson processes to model lattice cellular networks,” in Proc. of IEEE International Conf. on Computer Communications (INFOCOM), Apr. 2013.
[35] H. S., Dhillon, R. K., Ganti, and J. G., Andrews, “Load-aware modeling and analysis of heterogeneous cellular networks,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 1666–1677, Apr. 2013.
[36] H. H., Yang, J., Lee, and T. Q. S., Quek, “Heterogeneous cellular network with energy harvesting-based D2D communication,” IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 1406–1419, Feb. 2016.
[37] H. H., Yang, J., Lee, and T. Q. S., Quek, “Opportunistic D2D communication in energy harvesting heterogeneous cellular network,” in Proc. of IEEE International Workshop on Signal Processing, Advances in Wireless Communications, Jun. 2015.