Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 2016
  • Online publication date: May 2016

6 - Atherosclerotic vertebral artery disease

Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

Manual of Neurosonology
  • Online ISBN: 9781107447905
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107447905
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
×
1.Kim, ES, Thompson, M, Nacion, KM, et al. Radiologic importance of a high-resistive vertebral artery Doppler waveform on carotid duplex ultrasonography. J Ultrasound Med. 2010;29(8):11611165.
2.Mattle, HP, Arnold, M, Lindsberg, J, Schonewille, J, Schroth, G. Basilar artery occlusion. Lancet Neurol. 2011;10:10021014.
3.Caplan, LR, Amarenco, P, Rosengart, A, et al. Embolism from vertebral artery origin occlusive disease. Neurology. 1992;42:15051512.
4.Caplan, LR. Vertebrovasilar territory ischemia. An overview. In: Posterior Circulation Disease. Clinical Findings, Diagnosis and Management. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Science; 1998, 179197.
5.Marquardt, L, Kuker, W, Chandratheva, A, Geraghty, O, Rothwell, PM. Incidence and prognosis of > 50% symptomatic vertebral or basilar artery stenosis: prospective population-based study. Brain. 2009;132:982988.
6.Compter, A, van der Worp, HB, Algra, A, Kappelle, LJ; Second Manifestations of ARTerial disease (SMART) Study Group. Prevalence and prognosis of asymptomatic vertebral artery origin stenosis in patients with clinically manifest arterial disease. Stroke. 2011;42:27952800.
7.Kirchhof, P, Adamou, A, Knight, F, et al. How can we avoid a stroke crisis? Working Group Report: Stroke Prevention in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation. Oxford: Oxford PharmaGenesis Ltd; 2009.
8.Kirchhof, P, Fabritz, L, Tiemann, K. An ultrasound view on the substrate for incident and recurrent atrial fibrillation in heart failure patients. Eur J Heart Fail. 2010;12:10191020.
9.Koennecke, HC, Trocio, SH Jr, Mast, H, Mohr, JP. Microemboli on transcranial Doppler in patients with spontaneous carotid artery dissection. J Neuroimaging. 1997;7:217220.
10.Ritter, MA, Dittrich, R, Thoenissen, N, Ringelstein, EB, Nabavi, DG. Prevalence and prognostic impact of microembolic signals in arterial sources of embolism. A systematic review of the literature. J Neurol. 2008; 255:953961.
11.Hwang, J, Kim, SJ, Hong, JM, et al. Microembolic signals in acute posterior circulation cerebral ischemia: sources and consequences. Stroke. 2012;43:747752.
12.Ringelstein, EB, Kahlscheuer, B, Niggemeyer, E, Otis, SM. Transcranial Doppler sonography: anatomical landmarks and normal velocity values. Ultrasound Med Biol. 1990;16:745761.
13.Harrer, JU, Wessels, T, Poerwowidjojo, S, Möller-Hartmann, W, Klötzsch, C. Three-dimensional color-coded duplex sonography for assessment of the vertebral artery origin and vertebral artery stenoses. J Ultrasound Med. 2004; 23:10491056.
14.Khan, S, Cloud, GC, Kerry, S, Markus, HS. Imaging of vertebral artery stenosis: a systematic review. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2007;78:12181222.
15.Schulte-Altedorneburg, G, Hamann, GF, Mull, M, et al. Outcome of acute vertebrobasilar occlusions treated with intra-arterial fibrinolysis in 180 patients. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2006;27(10):20422047.
16.Brunhölzl, C, von Reutern, GM. Hemodynamic effects of innominate artery occlusive disease. Evaluation by Doppler ultrasound. Ultrasound Med Biol. 1989;15:201204.
17.Rohren, EM, Kliewer, MA, Carroll, BA, Hertzberg, BS. A spectrum of Doppler waveforms in the carotid and vertebral arteries. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2003;181:16951704.
18.Trattnig, S, Hübsch, P, Schuster, H, Pölzleitner, D. Color-coded Doppler imaging of normal vertebral arteries. Stroke. 1990;21:12221225.
19.Matula, C, Trattnig, S, Tschabitscher, M, Day, JD, Koos, WT. The course of the prevertebral segment of the vertebral artery: anatomy and clinical significance. Surg Neurol. 1997;48:113124.
20.Kuhl, V, Tettenborn, B, Eicke, BM, Visbeck, A, Meckes, S. Color-coded duplex ultrasonography of the origin of the vertebral artery: normal values of flow velocities. J Nroimag. 2000;10:1721.
21.Zwiebel, WJ. Ultrasound vertebral examination. In: Introduction to Vascular Ultrasonography (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: WB Saunders Company; 2000, 167176.
22.Lovrencić-Huzjan, A, Demarin, V, Bosnar, M, Vuković, V, Podobnik-Sarkanji, S. A color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) of the vertebral arteries – the normal appearance, normal values and the proposal for the standards. Coll Antropol. 1999;23:175181.
23.Hua, Y, Meng, XF, Jia, LY, et al. Color Doppler imaging evaluation of proximal vertebral artery stenosis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2009;193:14341438.
24.Buckenham, TM, Wright, IA. Ultrasound of the extracranial vertebral artery. Br J Radiol. 2004;77: 1520.
25.Sidhu, PS. Ultrasound of the carotid and vertebral arteries. Br Med Bull. 2000;56:346366.
26.Nebelsieck, J, Sengelhoff, C, Nassenstein, I, et al. Sensitivity of neurovascular ultrasound for the detection of spontaneous cervical artery dissection. J Clin Neurosci. 2009;16:7982.
27.Kimura, K, Yasaka, M, Moriyasu, H, Tsuchiya, T, Yamaguchi, T. Ultrasonographic evaluation of vertebral artery to detect vertebrobasilar axis occlusion. Stroke. 1994; 25:10061009.
28.Nicolau, C, Gilabert, R, Chamorro, A, et al. Doppler sonography of the intertransverse segment of the vertebral artery. J Ultrasound Med. 2000;19:4753.
29.Ritter, MA, Ringelstein, EB. The Venturi effect and cerebrovascular ultrasound. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2002;14:98104.
30.De Bray, JM, Pasco, A, Tranquart, F, et al. Accuracy of color-Doppler in the quantification of proximal vertebral artery stenoses. Cerebrovasc Dis. 2001;11:335340.
31.Perren, F, Poglia, D, Landis, T, Sztajzel, R. Vertebral artery hypoplasia: a predisposing factor for posterior circulation stroke? Neurology. 2007;68:6567.
32.Sturzenegger, M, Mattke, HP, Rivoir, A, Rihs, F, Schmid, C. Ultrasound findings in spontaneous extracranial vertebral artery dissection. Stroke. 1993;24:19101921.
33.Bartels, E, Fuchs, HH, Flügel, KA. Duplex ultrasonography of vertebral arteries: examination, technique, normal values, and clinical applications. Angiology. 1992;43:169180.
34.Widder, B, Görtler, M. Doppler- and Duplexsonography of the Brain Supplying Arteries (6th ed.). Berlin: Springer; 2006, 212216.
35.Droste, DW, Nabavi, DG, Kemeny, V, et al. Echo contrast enhanced transcranial colour-coded duplex offers improved visualization of the vertebrobasilar system. Acta Neurol Scand. 1998;98:193199.
36.Kliewer, MA, Hertzberg, BS, Kim, DH, et al. Vertebral artery Doppler waveform changes indicating subclavian steal physiology. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2000;74:815819.
37.Bornstein, NM, Norris, JW. Subclavian steal: a harmless haemodynamic phenomenon? Lancet. 1986;2:303305.
38.Ringelstein, EB, Zeumer, H, Brückmann, H, Stübben, G, Sturm, KW. [Atraumatic diagnosis and semi-invasive therapy of subclavian steal syndrome using percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. A current concept]. Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr. 1986;54:216231.
39.Yip, PK, Liu, HM, Hwang, BS, Chen, RC. Subclavian steal phenomenon: a correlation between duplex sonographic and angiographic findings. Neuroradiology. 1992;34:279282.
40.Bartels, E. Dissection of the extracranial vertebral artery: clinical findings and early noninvasive diagnosis in 24 patients. J Neuroimaging. 2006;16:2433.
41.Sun, Y, Yip, PK, Jeng, JS, Hwang, BS, Lin, WH. Ultrasonographic study and long-term follow-up of Takayasu’s arteritis. Stroke. 1996;27:21782182.
42.Pfadenhauer, K, Weber, H. Duplex sonography of the temporal and occipital artery in the diagnosis of temporal arteritis. a prospective study. J Rheumatol. 2003;30:21772181.
43.Pfadenhauer, K, Weber, H. Giant cell arteritis of the occipital arteries. A prospective colour coded duplex sonography study in 78 patients. J Neurol 2003;250:844849.
44.Pfadenhauer, K, Rüll, T. Ultrasonographic and FDG-PET imaging in active giant cell arteritis of the carotid arteries. Vasa. 2005;34:269271.
45.Pfadenhauer, K, Esser, M, Weber, H, Wölfle, KD. [Vertebrobasilar ischemia as a complication of temporal arteritis. Results of a prospective, clinical, ultrasonographic study]. Nervenarzt. 2005;76:954, 956–959.
46.Pfadenhauer, K, Esser, M, Berger, K. Vertebrobasilar ischemia and structural abnormalities of the vertebral arteries in active temporal arteritis and polymyalgia rheumatica – an ultrasonographic case-control study. J Rheumatol. 2005;32:23562360.
47.García-García, J, Ayo-Martín, Ó, Argandoña-Palacios, L, Segura, T. Vertebral artery halo sign in patients with stroke: a key clue for the prompt diagnosis of giant cell arteritis. Stroke. 2011;42:32873290.
48.Iguchi, Y, Kimura, K, Shibazaki, K, et al. Transcranial Doppler and carotid duplex ultrasonography findings in Bow Hunter’s syndrome. J Neuroimaging. 2006;16:278280.
49.Haubrich, C, Kohnke, A, Kloetzsch, C, Moeller- Hartmann, W, Diehl, RR. Bilateral vertebral artery disease: transcranial Doppler assessment of the hemodynamic vulnerability to changes in posture. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2006;32:14851491.
50.Bendick, PJ, Glover, JL. Vertebrobasilar insufficiency: evaluation by quantitative duplex flow measurements. A preliminary report. J Vasc Surg. 1987;5:594600.
51.Seidel, E, Eicke, BM, Tettenborn, B, Krummenauer, F. Reference values for vertebral artery flow volume by Duplex sonography in young and elderly adults. Stroke. 1999;30:26922696.
52.Wityk, RJ, Chang, HM, Rosengart, A, et al. Proximal extracranial vertebral artery disease in the New England Medical Center Posterior Circulation Registry. Arch Neurol. 1998;55:470478.
53.Moufarrij, NA, Little, JR, Furlan, AJ, Leatherman, JR, Williams, GW. Basilar and distal vertebral artery stenosis: long‐term follow‐up. Stroke. 1986;17:938942.
54.Zhao, L, Barlinn, K, Sharma, VK, et al. Velocity criteria for intracranial stenosis revisited: an international multicenter study of transcranial Doppler and digital subtraction angiography. Stroke. 2011;42:34293434.