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    Arjomand, Saïd Amir 2016. Unity of the Persianate World under Turko-Mongolian Domination and Divergent Development of Imperial Autocracies in the Sixteenth Century. Journal of Persianate Studies, Vol. 9, Issue. 1, p. 1.

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  • Print publication year: 2010
  • Online publication date: March 2011

11 - The rise of the Ottomans

from PART III - MUSLIM ANATOLIA AND THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE
Summary
SögüdOttoman state was wedged up against the Byzantine frontier in the north-west corner of Anatolia based round Sögüd. The Ottoman diplomatic, and economic, contacts extended beyond Byzantium to other states further west across the Mediterranean. One of the Latin powers to the west with whom the Ottomans had good relations which were to last throughout the century and well into the next was Genoa. In Europe the Ottomans clashed with Hungary for control of the lower Danube. In 796/1394 the Ottomans laid siege to the Byzantine capital Constantinople. The Ottomans also advanced southwards, raiding in Epiros and Albania. In the Peloponnese, the Ottomans advanced successfully under the Ottoman commander Evrenos. By the end of the eighth/fourteenth century, Ottoman expansion had been enormous. The Ottoman army had become an efficient fighting machine, able to lay siege effectively and to defeat the enemy in formal battles. The Ottoman world was also a cosmopolitan and religiously mixed milieu.
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The New Cambridge History of Islam
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  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521839570
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