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    Blaydes, Lisa 2017. State Building in the Middle East. Annual Review of Political Science, Vol. 20, Issue. 1, p. 487.

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  • Print publication year: 2010
  • Online publication date: March 2011

10 - The Turks in Anatolia before the Ottomans

from PART III - MUSLIM ANATOLIA AND THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE
Summary
Byzantium had long been familiar with Arabs and Islam, but distance had precluded much knowledge of the Turks. Byzantium had made diplomatic contact with Central Asian Turks as early as the sixth century CE and later the movement of Turkic peoples across the steppes north of the Black Sea brought them to the empire's borders in eastern Europe. Byzantine defences in Anatolia were clearly ineffective, partly a result of almost continuous civil strife in Byzantium between the bureaucratic and military parties since the death of the emperor Basil II in 1025 CE. In 1068 CE the general Romanus Diogenes became emperor and, in a series of military expeditions, attempted to put an end to the growing Turkish danger. The Ottomans crystallised in the far northwestern corner of Anatolia around Sögüd at the end of the seventh/thirteenth century. By the beginning of the eighth/fourteenth century, the Saljuq sultanate had vanished.
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The New Cambridge History of Islam
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  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521839570
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