Skip to main content
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 6
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Jorissen, Michiel W.P. Pariselle, Antoine Huyse, Tine Vreven, Emmanuel J. Snoeks, Jos Decru, Eva Kusters, Thomas Lunkayilakio, Soleil Wamuini Bukinga, Fidel Muterezi Artois, Tom and Vanhove, Maarten P.M. 2018. Six new dactylogyrid species (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea) from the gills of cichlids (Teleostei, Cichliformes) from the Lower Congo Basin. Parasite, Vol. 25, Issue. , p. 64.

    Francová, Kateřina Seifertová, Mária Blažek, Radim Gelnar, Milan Mahmoud, Zuheir N. and Řehulková, Eva 2017. Quadriacanthus species (Monogenea: Dactylogyridae) from catfishes (Teleostei: Siluriformes) in eastern Africa: new species, new records and first insights into interspecific genetic relationships. Parasites & Vectors, Vol. 10, Issue. 1,

    Kmentová, Nikol Gelnar, Milan Koblmüller, Stephan and Vanhove, Maarten P. M. 2016. Deep-water parasite diversity in Lake Tanganyika: description of two new monogenean species from benthopelagic cichlid fishes. Parasites & Vectors, Vol. 9, Issue. 1,

    Kmentová, Nikol Gelnar, Milan Mendlová, Monika Van Steenberge, Maarten Koblmüller, Stephan and Vanhove, Maarten P. M. 2016. Reduced host-specificity in a parasite infecting non-littoral Lake Tanganyika cichlids evidenced by intraspecific morphological and genetic diversity. Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, Issue. 1,

    Khang, Tsung Fei Soo, Oi Yoon Michelle Tan, Wooi Boon and Lim, Lee Hong Susan 2016. Monogenean anchor morphometry: systematic value, phylogenetic signal, and evolution. PeerJ, Vol. 4, Issue. , p. e1668.

    Messu Mandeng, Françoise D. Bilong Bilong, Charles F. Pariselle, Antoine Vanhove, Maarten P. M. Bitja Nyom, Arnold R. and Agnèse, Jean-François 2015. A phylogeny of Cichlidogyrus spp. (Monogenea, Dactylogyridea) clarifies a host-switch between fish families and reveals an adaptive component to attachment organ morphology of this parasite genus. Parasites & Vectors, Vol. 8, Issue. 1,

  • Print publication year: 2015
  • Online publication date: March 2015

22 - Host specificity and species jumps in fish–parasite systems

from Part III - Combining ecology and phylogenetics
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

Parasite Diversity and Diversification
  • Online ISBN: 9781139794749
  • Book DOI:
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *


Bakke, T. A., Harris, P. D. & Cable, J. (2002). Host specificity dynamics: observations on gyrodactylid monogeneans. International Journal for Parasitology, 32, 281–308.
Balian, E. V., Segers, H., Lévêque, C. & Martens, K. (2008). The freshwater animal diversity assessment: an overview of the results. Hydrobiologia, 595, 627–637.
Barraclough, T. G. & Nee, S. (2001). Phylogenetics and speciation. Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 16 (7), 391–399.
Barraclough, T. G. & Vogler, A. P. (2000). Detecting the geographical pattern of speciation from species-level phylogenies. American Naturalist, 155, 419–434.
Barson, M., Přikrylová, I., Vanhove, M. P. M. & Huyse, T. (2010). Parasite hybridization in African Macrogyrodactylus spp. (Monogenea, Platyhelminthes) signals historical host distribution. Parasitology, 137, 1585–1595.
Boeger, W. A. & Kritsky, D. C. (1997). Coevolution of the Monogenoidea (Platyhelminthes) based on a revised hypothesis of parasite phylogeny. International Journal for Parasitology, 27, 1495–1511.
Boeger, W. A. & Kritsky, D. C. (2003). Parasites, fossils and geologic history: historical biogeography of the South American freshwater croakers, Plagioscion spp. (Teleostei, Sciaenidae). Zoologica Scripta, 32, 3–11.
Boeger, W. A., Kritsky, D. C. & Pie, M. R. (2003). Context of diversification of the viviparous Gyrodactylidae (Platyhelminthes, Monogenoidea). Zoologica Scripta, 32, 437–448.
Bolnick, D. I. & Fitzpatrick, B. M. (2007). Sympatric speciation: models and empirical evidence. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics, 38, 459–487.
Brooks, D. R. & McLennan, D. A. (1993). Parascript: Parasites and the Language of Evolution, Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Charleston, M. A. (1998). Jungles: a new solution to the host/parasite phylogeny reconciliation problem. Mathematical Biosciences, 149, 191–223.
Clayton, D. H. & Price, R. D. (1999). Taxonomy of New World Columbicola (Phthiraptera: Philopteridae) from the Columbiformes (Aves), with descriptions of five new species. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 92, 675–685.
Combes, C. (2001). Parasitism: The Ecology and Evolution of Intimate Interactions, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Conow, C., Fielder, D., Ovadia, Y. & Libeskind-Hadas, R. (2010). Jane: a new tool for the cophylogeny reconstruction problem. Algorithms for Molecular Biology, 5, 16.
Cooper, N., Griffin, R., Franz, M., Omotayo, M. & Nunn, C. L. (2012). Phylogenetic host specificity and understanding parasite sharing in primates. Ecology Letters, 15, 1370–1377.
Cribb, T. H., Chisholm, L. A. & Bray, R. A. (2002). Diversity in the Monogenea and Digenea: does lifestyle matter?International Journal for Parasitology, 32, 321–328.
de Carvalho, M. R., Bockmann, F. A., Amorim, D. S., et al. (2007). Taxonomic impediment or impediment to taxonomy? A commentary on systematics and the cybertaxonomic-automation paradigm. Evolutionary Biology, 34, 140–143.
Desdevises, Y., Morand, S. & Legendre, P. (2002a). Evolution and determinants of host specificity in the genus Lamellodiscus (Monogenea). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 77, 431–443.
Desdevises, Y., Morand, S., Jousson, O. & Legendre, P. (2002b). Coevolution between Lamellodiscus (Monogenea; Diplectanidae) and Sparidae (Teleostei): the study of a complex host–parasite system. Evolution, 56, 2459–2471.
Dobson, A., Lafferty, K. D., Kuris, A. M., Hechinger, R. F. & Jetz, W. (2008). Homage to Linnaeus: how many parasites? How many hosts?Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 105, 11482–11489.
Domingues, M. V. & Boeger, W. A. (2005). Neotropical Monogenoidea. 47. Phylogeny and coevolution of species of Rhinoxenus (Platyhelminthes, Monogenoidea, Dactylogyridae) and their Characiformes hosts (Teleostei, Ostariophysi) with description of four new species. Zoosystema, 27, 441–467.
Domingues, M. V. & Boeger, W. A. (2008). Phylogeny and revision of Diplectanidae Monticelli, 1903 (Platyhelminthes: Monogenoidea). Zootaxa, 1698, 1–40.
Donald, K. M., Kennedy, M., Poulin, R. & Spencer, H. G. (2004). Host specificity and molecular phylogeny of larval Digenea isolated from New Zealand and Australian topshells (Gastropoda: Trochidae). International Journal for Parasitology, 34, 557–568.
Dudgeon, D., Arthington, A. H., Gessner, M. O., et al. (2006). Freshwater biodiversity: importance, threats, status and conservation challenges. Biological Research, 81, 163–182.
Dudgeon, D., Paugy, D., Lévêque, C., Rebelo, L.-M. & McCartney, M. P. (2011). Background. In The Diversity of Life in African Freshwaters: Under Water, Under Threat. An Analysis of the Status and Distribution of Freshwater Species Throughout Mainland Africa. Gland and Cambridge: International Union for Conservation of Nature, pp. 2–31.
Dunn, R. R., Harris, N. C., Colwell, R. K., Koh, L. P. & Sodhi, N. S. (2009). The sixth mass coextinction: are most endangered species parasites and mutualists?Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 276, 3037–3045.
Du Preez, L. H., Wilkinson, M. & Huyse, T. (2008). The first record of polystomes (Monogenea: Polystomatidae) from caecilian hosts (Amphibia: Gymnophiona), with the description of a new genus and two new species. Systematic Parasitology, 69, 201–209.
Euzet, L. & Combes, C. (1980). Les problèmes de l'espèce chez les animaux parasites. Les problèmes de l'espèce dans le règne animal. Tome III. Mémoires de la Société Zoologique Française, 40, 239–285.
Euzet, L. & Trilles, J. P. (1961). Sur l'anatomie et la biologie de Cyclocotyla bellones (Otto 1821) (Monogenea, Polyopisthocotylea). Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 68, 182–193.
Euzet, L., Agnèse, J.-F. & Lambert, A. (1989). Valeur des parasites comme critère d'identification de l'espèce hôte. Démonstration convergente par l’étude parasitologique des Monogènes branchiaux et l'analyse génétique des poissons hôtes. Compte Rendu de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris, 308, 385–388.
Faria, N. R., Suchard, M. A., Rambaut, A., Streicker, D. G., & Lemey, P. (2013). Simultaneously reconstructing viral cross-species transmission history and identifying the underlying constraints. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society Series B, 368 (1614), 10.1098/rstb.2012.0196.
Geets, A. (1998). Host–parasite interactions between sympatric Pomatoschistus species (Gobiidae, Teleostei) and their helminth parasites: Ecological and phylogenetic aspects. PhD thesis, KU Leuven.
Geets, A., Malmberg, G. & Ollevier, F. (1998). Gyrodactylus longidactylus n. sp., a monogenean from Pomatoschistus lozanoi (de Buen, 1923) from the North Sea. Systematic Parasitology, 41, 63–70.
Gläser, H. J. (1974). Sechs neue arten der Gyrodactylus-wageneri-gruppe (Monogenea, Gyrodactylidae) nebst bemerkungen zur Präparation, Determination, Terminologie und Wirtsspezifität. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 192, 56–76.
Glennon, V.Perkins, E. M., Chisholm, L. A. & WhittingtonI. D. (2008). Comparative phylogeography reveals host generalists, specialists and cryptic diversity: hexabothriid, microbothriid and monocotylid monogeneans from rhinobatid rays in southern Australia. International Journal for Parasitology, 38, 1599–1612.
Grant, T., Faivovich, J. & Pola, D. (2003). The perils of ‘point-and-click’ systematics. Cladistics, 19, 276–285.
Guégan, J. F. & Lambert, A. (1990). Twelve new species of dactylogyrids (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea) from West African barbels (Teleostei, Cyprinidae), with some biogeographical implications. Systematic Parasitology, 17, 153–181.
Hafner, M. S. & Page, R. D. M. (1996). Molecular phylogenies and host–parasite cospeciation: gophers and lice as a model system. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B, 349, 77–83.
Harbison, C. W. & Clayton, D. H. (2011). Community interactions govern host-switching with implications for host–parasite coevolutionary history. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 108 (23), 9525–9529.
Harris, P. D. (1993). Interactions between reproduction and population biology in gyrodactylid monogeneans: a review. Bulletin Français de la Pêche et de la Pisciculture, 328, 47–65.
Harvey, P. H. (1996). Phylogenies for ecologists. Journal of Animal Ecology, 65, 255–263.
Helfman, G. S., Collette, B. B., Facey, D. E. & Bowen, B. W. (2009). The Diversity of Fishes: Diversity, Evolution and Ecology. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.
Hoberg, E. P. (1997). Phylogeny and historical reconstruction: host–parasite systems as keystones in biogeography and ecology. In Reaka-Kudka, M. L., Wilson, D. E., Wilson, E. O. & Peter, F. M. (eds.), Biodiversity II: Understanding and Protecting our Biological Resources. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press, pp. 243–262.
Huyse, T. (2002). Evolutionary associations between Gyrodactylus and its goby host: Bound forever? PhD thesis, KU Leuven.
Huyse, T. & Volckaert, F. A. M. (2002). Identification of a host-associated species complex using molecular and morphometric analyses, with the description of Gyrodactylus rugiensoides sp. nov. (Gyrodactylidae, Monogenea). International Journal for Parasitology, 32, 907–919.
Huyse, T. & Volckaert, F. A. M. (2005). Comparing host and parasite phylogenies: Gyrodactylus flatworms jumping from goby to goby. Systematic Biology, 54, 710–718.
Huyse, T., Audenaert, V. & Volckaert, F. A. M. (2003). Speciation and host–parasite relationships in the parasite genus Gyrodactylus (Monogenea, Platyhelminthes) infecting gobies of the genus Pomatoschistus (Gobiidae, Teleostei). International Journal for Parasitology, 33, 1679–1689.
Huyse, T., Poulin, R. & Théron, A. (2005). Speciation in parasites: a population genetics approach. Trends in Parasitology, 21, 469–475.
Huyse, T., Pampoulie, C., Audenaert, V. & Volckaert, F. A. M. (2006). First report of Gyrodactylus spp. (Platyhelminthes: Monogenea) in the western Mediterranean sea: molecular and morphological descriptions. Journal of Parasitology, 92, 682–690.
Jackson, G. A. (1999). Analysis of parasite host-switching: limitations on the use of phylogenies. Parasitology, 119, S111–S123.
Johnson, K. P., Adams, R. J., Page, R. D. M. & Clayton, D. H. (2003). When do parasites fail to speciate in response to host speciation?Systematic Biology, 52, 37–47.
Jousson, O., Bartoli, P. & Pawlowski, J. (2000). Cryptic speciation among intestinal parasites (Trematoda: Digenea) infecting sympatric host fishes (Sparidae). Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 13, 778–785.
Justine, J.-L. (2009). A redescription of Pseudorhabdosynochus epinepheli (Yamaguti, 1938), the type-species of Pseudorhabdosynochus Yamaguti, 1958 (Monogenea: Diplectanidae), and the description of P. satyui n. sp. from Epinephelus akaara off Japan. Systematic Parasitology, 72, 27–55.
Justine, J.-L., Beveridge, I., Boxshall, G. A., et al. (2012). An annotated list of fish parasites (Isopoda, Copepoda, Monogenea, Digenea, Cestoda, Nematoda) collected from snappers and bream (Lutjanidae, Nemipteridae, Caesionidae) in New Caledonia confirms high parasite biodiversity on coral reef fish. Aquatic Biosystems, 8, 22.
Kaneko, J. J., II, Yamada, R., Brock, J. A. & Nakamura, R. M. (1988). Infection of tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus (Trewavas), by a marine monogenean, Neobenedenia melleni (MacCallum, 1927) Yamaguti, 1963 in Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii, USA, and its treatment. Journal of Fish Diseases, 11, 295–300.
Kearn, G. C. (1994). Evolutionary expansion of the Monogenea. International Journal for Parasitology, 24, 1227–1271.
King, T. A. & Cable, J. (2007). Experimental infections of the monogenean Gyrodactylus turnbulli indicate that it is not a strict specialist. International Journal for Parasitology, 37, 663–672.
King, T. A., van Oosterhout, C. & Cable, J. (2009). Experimental infections with the tropical monogenean, Gyrodactylus bullatarudis: potential invader or experimental fluke?Parasitology International, 58, 249–254.
Koblmüller, S., Egger, B., Sturmbauer, C. & Sefc, K. M. (2010). Rapid radiation, ancient incomplete lineage sorting and ancient hybridization in the endemic Lake Tanganyika cichlid tribe Tropheini. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 55, 318–334.
Koh, L. P., Dunn, R. R., Sodhi, N. S., et al. (2004). Species coextinctions and the biodiversity crisis. Science, 305, 1632–1634.
Kurochkin, Y. V. (1985). Applied and scientific aspects of marine parasitology. In Parasitology and Pathology of Marine Organisms of the World Ocean. US Department of Commerce, NOAA Technical Report 25, pp. 15–18.
Lambert, A. & El Gharbi, S. (1995). Monogenean host specificity as a biological and taxonomic indicator for fish. Biological Conservation, 72, 227–235.
Littlewood, D. T. J. (2011). Systematics as a cornerstone of parasitology: overview and preface. Parasitology, 138, 1633–1637.
Llewellyn, J. (1984). The biology of Isancistrum subulatae n. sp. a monogenean parasitic on the squid Alloteuthis subulata at Plymouth. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 64, 285–302.
Lymbery, A. J. (1989). Host specificity, host range and host preference. Parasitology Today, 5, 298.
Meier-Kolthoff, J. P., Auch, A. F., Huson, D. H. & Göker, M. (2007). CopyCat: co-phylogenetic analysis tool. Bioinformatics, 23, 898–900.
Mendlová, M., Desdevises, Y., Civáňová, K., Pariselle, A. & Šimková, A. (2012). Monogeneans of West African cichlid fish: evolution and cophylogenetic interactions. PLoS One, 7, e37268.
Merkle, D. & Middendorf, M. (2005). Reconstruction of the cophylogenetic history of related phylogenetic trees with divergence timing information. Theory of Biosciences, 123, 277–299.
Merkle, D., Middendorf, M. & Wieseke, N. (2010). A parameter-adaptive dynamic programming approach for inferring cophylogenies. BMC Bioinformatics, 11, S60.
Miura, O., Kuris, A. M., Torchin, M. E., et al. (2005). Molecular-genetic analyses reveal cryptic species of trematodes in the intertidal gastropod, Batillaria cumingi (Crosse). International Journal for Parasitology, 35, 793–801.
Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus, seu animalium daniae et norvegiae indigenarum. Characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Havniae: Typis Hallageriis.
Munday, P. L., van Herwerden, L. & Dudgeon, C. L. (2004). Evidence for sympatric speciation by host shift in the sea. Current Biology, 14, 1498–1504.
Myers, N. (1997). The rich diversity of biodiversity issues. In Reaka-Kudka, M. L., Wilson, D. E., Wilson, E. O. & Peter, F. M. (eds), Biodiversity II: Understanding and Protecting our Biological Resources. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press, pp. 125–138.
Nelson, J. S. (2006). Fishes of the World, 4th edn. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.
Norton, D. A. & Carpenter, M. A. (1998). Mistletoes as parasites: host specificity and speciation. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 13, 101–105.
Page, R. D. M. (1994). Parallel phylogenies: reconstructing the history of host–parasite assemblages. Cladistics, 10, 155–173.
Page, R. D. M. & Charleston, M. A. (1998). Trees within trees: phylogeny and historical associations. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 13, 356–359.
Page, R. D. M., Price, R. D. & Hellenthal, R. A. (1995). Phylogeny of Geomydoecus and Thomomydoecus pocket gopher lice (Phthiraptera: Trichodectidae) inferred from cladistic analysis of adult and first instar morphology. Systematic Entomology, 20, 129–143.
Pagel, M. (1999). Inferring the historical patterns of biological evolution. Nature, 401, 877–884.
Pariselle, A. & Diamanka, A. (2009). Information on Sarotheradon melanotheron (Cichlidae) provided by monogenean parasites. In 6th International Symposium on Monogenea, Cape Town.
Pariselle, A., Morand, S., Deveney, M. & Pouyaud, L. (2003). Parasite species richness of closely related hosts: historical scenario and ‘genetic’ hypothesis. In Hommage à Louis Euzet – taxonomie, écologie et évolution des métazoaires parasites [Taxonomy, Ecology and Evolution of Metazoan Parasites]. Perpignan: Presses Universitaires de Perpignan, pp. 147–166.
Pariselle, A., Boeger, W. A., Snoeks, J., et al. (2011). The monogenean parasite fauna of cichlids: a potential tool for host biogeography. International Journal of Evolutionary Biology, 2011, 471–480.
Paugy, D., Guégan, J. F. & Agnèse, J. F. (1990). Three simultaneous and independent approaches to the characterization of a new species of Labeo (Teleostei, Cyprinidae) from West Africa. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 68, 1124–1131.
Perkins, E. (2010). Family ties: Molecular phylogenetics, evolution and radiation of flatworm parasites (Monogenea: Capsalidae). PhD thesis, University of Adelaide.
Perkins, E. M., Donnellan, S. C., Bertozzi, T., Chisholm, L. A. & Whittington, I. D. (2009). Looks can deceive: molecular phylogeny of a family of flatworm ectoparasites (Monogenea: Capsalidae) does not reflect current morphological classification. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 52, 705–714.
Poulin, R. (1992). Determinants of host specificity in parasites of fresh-water fishes. International Journal for Parasitology, 22, 753–758.
Poulin, R. (1998). Evolutionary Ecology of Parasites: From Individuals to Communities. London: Chapman & Hall.
Poulin, R. (2002). The evolution of monogenean diversity. International Journal for Parasitology, 32, 245–254.
Poulin, R. & Keeney, D. B. (2008). Host specificity under molecular and experimental scrutiny. Trends in Parasitology, 24, 24–28.
Poulin, R. & Morand, S. (2000). The diversity of parasites. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 75, 277–293.
Poulin, R. & Mouillot, D. (2003). Parasite specialization from a phylogenetic perspective: a new index of host specificity. Parasitology, 126, 473–480.
Poulin, R., Krasnov, B. R. & Mouillot, D. (2011). Host specificity in phylogenetic and geographic space. Trends in Parasitology, 27, 355–361.
Pouyaud, L., Desmarais, E., Deveney, M. & Pariselle, A. (2006). Phylogenetic relationships among monogenean gill parasites (Dactylogyridea, Ancyrocephalidae) infesting tilapiine hosts (Cichlidae): systematic and evolutionary implications. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 38, 241–249.
Price, P. W. (1980). Evolutionary Biology of Parasites. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Přikrylová, I., Vanhove, M. P. M., Janssens, S. B., Billeter, P. A. & Huyse, T. (2013). Tiny worms from a mighty continent: high diversity and new phylogenetic lineages of African monogeneans. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 67, 43–52.
Reaka-Kudla, M. L. (1997). The global biodiversity of coral reefs: a comparison with rain forests. In Reaka-Kudka, M. L., Wilson, D. E., Wilson, E. O. & Peter, F. M. (eds), Biodiversity II: Understanding and Protecting our Biological Resources. Washington, DC: Joseph Henry Press, pp. 83–108.
Ricklefs, R. E. & Fallon, S. M. (2002). Diversification and host switching in avian malaria parasites. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 269, 885–892.
Rohde, K. (1978). Latitudinal differences in host specificity of marine Monogenea and Digenea. Marine Biology, 47, 125–134.
Rohde, K. (1996). Robust phylogenies and adaptive radiations: a critical examination of methods used to identify key innovations. American Naturalist, 148, 481–500.
Sánchez-García, N., Padrós, F., Raga, J. A. & Montero, F. A. (2011). Comparative study of the three attachment mechanisms of diplectanid monogeneans. Aquaculture, 318, 290–299.
Sasal, P. & Morand, S. (1998). Comparative analysis: a tool for studying monogenean ecology and evolution. International Journal for Parasitology, 28, 1637–1644.
Schluter, D. (2000). The Ecology of Adaptive Radiation. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Schluter, D. (2001). Ecology and the origin of species. Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 16, 372–380.
Schoelinck, C., Cruaud, C. & Justine, J.-L. (2012). Are all species of Pseudorhabdosynochus strictly host specific? A molecular study. Parasitology International, 61, 356–359.
Shinn, A. P., Bron, J. E., Sommerville, C. & Gibson, D. I. (2003). Comments on the mechanism of attachment in species of the monogenean genus Gyrodactylus. Invertebrate Biology, 122, 1–11.
Šimková, A., Desdevises, Y., Morand, S. & Gelnar, M. (2001). Morphometric correlates of host specificity in Dactylogyrus species (Monogenea) parasites of European cyprinid fish. Parasitology, 123, 169–177.
Šimková, A., Verneau, O., Gelnar, M. & Morand, S. (2006) Specificity and specialization of congeneric monogeneans parasitizing cyprinid fish. Evolution, 60, 1023–1037.
Sorenson, M. D., Sefc, K. M. & Payne, R. B. (2003). Speciation by host switch in brood parasitic indigobirds. Nature, 424, 928–931.
Stamatakis, A., Auch, A. F., Meier-Kolthoff, J. & Göker, M. (2007). AxPcoords & parallel AxParafit: statistical co-phylogenetic analyses on thousands of taxa. BMC Bioinformatics, 8, 405.
Stork, N. E. & Lyal, C. H. C. (1993). Extinction or ‘co-extinction’ rates?Nature, 366, 307.
Strayer, D. L. & Dudgeon, D. (2010). Freshwater biodiversity conservation: recent progress and future challenges. Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 29, 344–358.
Streicker, D. G., Turmelle, A. S., Vonhof, M. J., et al. (2010). Host phylogeny constrains cross-species emergence and establishment of rabies virus in bats. Science, 329, 676–679.
Stunkard, H. W. (1924). A new trematode, Oculotrema hippopotami n.g., n.sp., from the eye of the hippopotamus. Parasitology, 16, 436–440.
Sturmbauer, C. (1998). Explosive speciation in cichlid fishes of the African Great Lakes: a dynamic model of adaptive radiation. Journal of Fish Biology, 53, 18–36.
Sturmbauer, C., Fuchs, C., Harb, G., et al. (2008). Abundance, distribution, and territory areas of rock-dwelling Lake Tanganyika cichlid fish species. Hydrobiologia, 615, 57–68.
Tamuri, A. U., dos Reis, M., Hay, A. J. & Goldstein, R. A. (2009). Identifying changes in selective constraints: host shifts in influenza. PLoS Computational Biology, 5, e1000564.
Thoney, D. A. & Hargis Jr., W. J. (1991). Monogenea (Platyhelminthes) as hazards for fish in confinement. Annual Review of Fish Diseases, 1, 133–153.
Tompkins, D. M. & Clayton, D. H. (1999). Host resources govern the specificity of swiftlet lice: size matters. Journal of Animal Ecology, 68, 489–500.
Van Beneden, P.-J. (1858). Mémoire sur les vers intestinaux. Comptes Rendus des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences. Supplément 2. Paris: J.-B. Baillière et Fils.
Van Every, L. R. & Kritsky, D. C. (1992). Neotropical Monogenoidea. 18. Anacanthorus Mizelle and Price, 1965 (Dactylogyridae, Anacanthorinae) of piranha (Characoidea, Serrasalmidae) from the Central Amazon, their phylogeny, and aspects of host–parasite coevolution. Journal of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 59, 52–75.
Van Steenberge, M., Vanhove, M. P. M., Muzumani Risasi, D., et al. (2011). A recent inventory of the fishes of the north-western and central western coast of Lake Tanganyika (Democratic Republic Congo). Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, 41, 201–214.
Vanhove, M. P. M. (2012). Species flocks and parasite evolution: Towards a co-phylogenetic analysis of monogenean flatworms of cichlids and gobies. PhD thesis, KU Leuven.
Vanhove, M. P. M., Snoeks, J., Volckaert, F. A. M. & Huyse, T. (2011). First description of monogenean parasites in Lake Tanganyika: the cichlid Simochromis diagramma (Teleostei, Cichlidae) harbours a high diversity of Gyrodactylus species (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea). Parasitology, 138, 364–380 (erratum in 138, 403).
Vanhove, M. P. M., Economou, A. N., Zogaris, S., et al. (2012). Phylogenetics and biogeography of the Balkan ‘sand gobies’ (Teleostei, Gobiidae): vulnerable species in need of taxonomic revision. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 105, 73–91.
Vanhove, M. P. M., Van Steenberge, M., Dessein, S., et al. (2013). Biogeographical implications of Zambezian Cichlidogyrus species (Platyhelminthes: Monogenea: Ancyrocephalidae) parasitizing Congolian cichlids. Zootaxa, 3608, 398–400.
Vignon, M., Pariselle, A. & Vanhove, M. P. M. (2011). Modularity in attachment organs of African Cichlidogyrus (Platyhelminthes, Monogenea, Ancyrocephalidae) reflects phylogeny rather than host specificity or geographic distribution. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 102, 694–706.
Wallis, G. P. & Beardmore, J. A. (1980). Genetic evidence for naturally occurring fertile hybrids between two goby species, Pomatoschistus minutus and P. lozanoi (Pisces, Gobiidae). Marine Ecology Progress Series, 3, 309–315.
Whiteman, N. K., Kimball, R. T. & Parker, P. G. (2007). Co-phylogeography and comparative population genetics of the threatened Galápagos hawk and three ectoparasite species: ecology shapes population histories within parasite communities. Molecular Ecology, 16, 4759–4773.
Whittington, I. D. (1998). Diversity ‘down under’: monogeneans in the Antipodes (Australia) with a prediction of monogenean biodiversity worldwide. International Journal for Parasitology, 28, 1481–1493.
Whittington, I. D. & Kearn, G. C. (2011). Hatching strategies in monogenean (platyhelminth) parasites that facilitate host infection. Integrative and Comparative Biology, 51, 91–99.
Whittington, I. D., Cribb, B. W., Hamwood, T. E. & Halliday, J. (2000). Host specificity of Monogenean (Platyhelminth) parasites: a role for anterior adhesive areas?International Journal for Parasitology, 30, 305–320.
Windsor, D. A. (1998). Most of the species on Earth are parasites. International Journal for Parasitology, 28, 1939–1941.
Ziętara, M. S. & Lumme, J. (2002). Speciation by host-switching and adaptive radiation in a fish parasite genus Gyrodactylus (Monogenea, Gyrodactylidae). Evolution, 56, 2445–2458.
Ziętara, M. S., Arndt, A., Geets, A., Hellemans, B. & Volckaert, F. A. M. (2000). The nuclear rDNA region of Gyrodactylus arcuatus and G. branchicus (Monogenea: Gyrodactylidae). Journal of Parasitology, 86, 1368–1373.