Skip to main content
×
×
Home
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 9
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Shipley, Heather 2018. Exploring Religion and Diversity in Canada. p. 57.

    Aune, Kristin Lövheim, Mia Giorgi, Alberta Toldy, Teresa and Utriainen, Terhi 2017. Introduction: Is secularism bad for women?: La laïcité nuit-elle aux femmes?. Social Compass, Vol. 64, Issue. 4, p. 449.

    Enayat, Hadi 2017. Islam and Secularism in Post-Colonial Thought. p. 21.

    Enayat, Hadi 2017. Islam and Secularism in Post-Colonial Thought. p. 1.

    Nyhagen, Line 2017. The lived religion approach in the sociology of religion and its implications for secular feminist analyses of religion. Social Compass, Vol. 64, Issue. 4, p. 495.

    Shipley, Heather 2017. The Palgrave Handbook of Sexuality Education. p. 157.

    Page, Sarah-Jane and Shipley, Heather 2016. Handbook of Religion and Society. p. 395.

    McLennan, Gregor 2015. Is secularism history?. Thesis Eleven, Vol. 128, Issue. 1, p. 126.

    Hjelm, Titus 2014. Understanding the New Visibility of Religion. Journal of Religion in Europe, Vol. 7, Issue. 3-4, p. 203.

    ×
  • Print publication year: 2013
  • Online publication date: June 2014

4 - Liberal religion and illiberal secularism

Summary

You are at liberty to seek your salvation as you understand it, provided you do nothing to change the social order.

Attributed to Josef Goebbels

The way in which recent conferences about religion and politics have been framed reveals hidden assumptions: ‘Religion Confronts the Secular State’, ‘Is Religion Compatible with Liberal Democracy?’, ‘Post-Secular Conditions: Challenges to Citizenship, Law, and Democracy’. Such titles lend support to a widespread view that secular states are the norm, and that they are being challenged by a recent ‘resurgence’ of (illiberal) religion, a development which threatens to shift religion from the private to the public sphere, and in doing so raises urgent new questions about whether liberal-democratic states and societies can or should accommodate the unexpected intruder. This chapter questions every one of these assumptions: that religion was ever separate from the modern state, politics and public life; that religion and liberalism are inevitably at odds with each other; and that secularism has a more constitutive relation with liberalism than religion. For the sake of brevity, examples are taken from the British situation, but the argument applies more widely.

Let me begin by sketching what I mean by liberalism. First, I mean something wider than ‘liberalism’ as it appears in those political theory textbooks where it is presented as a political ideology alongside conservatism, socialism, Marxism and so on. This is a bloodless abstraction of liberalism: detached from history, institutional embodiment, compelling symbolic forms and social life.

Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

Religion in a Liberal State
  • Online ISBN: 9781107323674
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781107323674
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
×
References
Ammerman, N. 1997. ‘Golden Rule Christianity: Lived Religion in the American Mainstream’, in Hall, David D., ed., Lived Religion in America. Toward a History of Practice. Princeton University Press, 196–216.
Asad, T. 1993. Genealogies of Religion: Disciplines and Reasons of Power in Christianity and Islam. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Bader, V. 2007. Secularism or Democracy? Associational Governance of Religious Diversity. Amsterdam: IMISCOE/Amsterdam University Press.
Balangangadhara, S. N. 1994. The Heathen in His Blindness: Asia, the West and the Dynamic of Religion. Leiden: Brill.
Barley, L. 2003. ‘Believing without Belonging’. Research and Statistics Department, Archbishops’ Council, London. Unpublished lecture handout.
Beckford, J. A. and Richardson, J. T. 2007. ‘Religion and Regulation’, in Beckford, James and Demerath, N. J. III, eds., The Sage Handbook of the Sociology of Religion. Angeles, Los: Sage, 396–418.
Bettenson, H., ed. 1989. Documents of the Christian Church. Oxford University Press.
Birdwell, J. and Litter, M. 2012. Faithful Citizens: Why Those Who Do God, Do Good. London: Demos.
Cantwell Smith, W. 1962. The Meaning and End of Religion. London: Macmillan.
Cavanaugh, W. 2009. The Myth of Religious Violence: Secular Ideology and the Roots of Modern Conflict. New York: Oxford University Press.
Dawson, L. L. 2006. Comprehending Cults: The Sociology of New Religious Movements. Oxford University Press.
de Tocqueville, A. 1988. Democracy in America, trans. Lawrence, George and ed. Mayer, J. P.. New York: Harper Perennial (first published: vol. I, 1835, vol. II, 1840).
Dunn, J. 1979. Western Political Theory in the Face of the Future. Cambridge University Press.
Eccleshall, R., Geoghegan, V., Jay, R. and Wilford, R. 1984. Political Ideologies. London: Hutchinson.
Elias, N. 1978. The Civilizing Process. The History of Manners. Oxford: Blackwell.
Frye, N. 1982. The Great Code: The Bible and Literature. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Ginzberg, L. D. 1990. Women and the Work of Benevolence. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Harris, S. 2004. The End of Faith: Religion, Terror and the Future of Reason. New York: Free Press.
Heelas, P. and Woodhead, L. 2005. The Spiritual Revolution: Why Religion is Giving Way to Spirituality. Oxford: Blackwell.
Hitchens, C. 2007. God is Not Great. How Religion Poisons Everything. London: Atlantic Books.
Kamrava, M., ed. 2006. The New Voices of Islam. Reforming Politics and Modernity: A Reader. London and New York: I. B. Tauris.
Kopf, D. 1979. The Brahmo Samaj and the Shaping of the Modern Indian Mind. Princeton University Press.
Kurzman, C. 1998. Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook. New York: Oxford University Press.
McGoldrick, D. 2009. ‘Muslim Veiling Controversies in Europe’, in Neilsen, J. S., Akgönül, S., Alibašić, A., Maréchal, B. and Moe, C., eds., Yearbook of Muslims in Europe. The Hague: Brill, 427–75.
McLeod, H. 2007. The Religious Crisis of the 1960s. Oxford University Press.
Mann, M. 1993. The Sources of Social Power, vol. II, The Rise of Classes and Nation States 1760–1914. Cambridge University Press.
Marsden, G. M. 1982. Fundamentalism and American Culture. The Shaping of Twentieth-Century Evangelicalism 1870–1925. Oxford University Press.
Marsden, G. M. 1987. Reforming Fundamentalism: Fuller Seminary and the New Evangelicalism. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.
Marsden, G. M. 1991. Understanding Fundamentalism and Evangelicalism. Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.
Martin, D. 1992. Does Christianity Cause War?Oxford University Press.
Martin, D. 2002. Christian Language and its Mutations: Essays in Sociological Understanding. Aldershot:Ashgate.
Marty, M. and Appleby, R. S., eds. 1991. Fundamentalisms Observed. The Fundamentalism Project 1. University of Chicago Press.
Marty, M.Appleby, R. S. 1993. Fundamentalisms and Society: Reclaiming the Sciences, the Family, and Education. The Fundamentalism Project 2. University of Chicago Press.
Marty, M.Appleby, R. S. 1993. Fundamentalisms and the State: Remaking Politics, Economies, and Militance. The Fundamentalism Project 3. University of Chicago Press.
Marty, M.Appleby, R. S. 1994. Accounting for Fundamentalisms: The Dynamic Character of Movements. The Fundamentalism Project 4. University of Chicago Press.
Marty, M.Appleby, R. S. 1995. Fundamentalisms Comprehended. The Fundamentalism Project 5. University of Chicago Press.
Murdoch, I. 1970. The Sovereignty of Good. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
Nussbaum, M. 2008. Liberty of Conscience: In Defense of America’s Tradition of Religious Liberty. New York: Basic Books.
O’Beirne, M. 2004. Religion in England and Wales: Findings from the 2001 Home Office Citizenship Survey. Home Office Research Study 274. London: HMSO.
Okin, S. M. 1999. Is Multiculturalism Bad for Women?Princeton University Press.
Okin, S. M. 2005. ‘Multiculturalism and Feminism’, in Eisenberg, Avigail and Spinner-Ialev, Jeff, eds., Minorities within Minorities: Equality, Rights and Diversity. Cambridge University Press, 67–89.
Plant, R. 2011. ‘Religion, Identity, and Freedom of Expression’, Res Publica, 17, 7–20.
Riis, O. and Woodhead, L. 2010. A Sociology of Religious Emotion. Oxford University Press.
Rummel, E. 2006. Desiderius Erasmus. London: Continuum.
Smith, J. Z. 1988. Imagining Religion: From Babylon to Jonestown. University of Chicago Press.
Song, R. 2006. Christianity and Liberal Society. Oxford University Press.
Stringer, M. D. 2008. Contemporary Western Ethnography and the Definition of Religion. London and New York: Continuum.
Taylor, C. 1989. Sources of the Self. The Making of the Modern Identity. Cambridge University Press.
Taylor, R. 2009. Dark Green Religion: Nature, Spirituality and the Planetary Future. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Walzer, M. 2006. Law, Politics and Morality in Judaism. Princeton University Press.
Woodhead, L. 2004. An Introduction to Christianity. Cambridge University Press.
Woodhead, L. 2009. ‘The Muslim Veil Controversy and European Values’, Swedish Missiological Themes, 97, 1, 89–105.
Woodhead, L. and Catto, R., eds. 2012. Religion and Change in Modern Britain. Abingdon: Routledge.
Woodhead, L. and Heelas, P. 2000. Religion in Modern Times. Oxford: Blackwell.