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  • Print publication year: 1991
  • Online publication date: March 2008

3 - Evolution of the Sikh Panth (1539–1606)

The position of the Sikh Panth at the end of Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar's reign may be seen as the culmination of a peaceful evolution of nearly three-quarters of a century. Akbar's conquests, his concessions and measures on conciliation resulted in peace and security in his vast dominions, particularly during the second half of his reign. Akbar's reign was covered by the pontificates of three of the first four successors of Guru Nanak. These three were Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das and Guru Arjan. The number of Sikhs increased considerably in the time of Guru Amar Das. Guru Ram Das advises his followers not to retaliate, but to leave things to God. The dīwāns of God, the Sikhs, need not be afraid of the earthly dlwdns, the administrators of the empire. The religious ideology of Guru Nanak was reinforced by his successors in a manner that added new dimensions without minimizing the importance of his basic ideas.
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The Sikhs of the Punjab
  • Online ISBN: 9781139053365
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