Skip to main content
×
×
Home
  • Print publication year: 1991
  • Online publication date: March 2008

3 - Evolution of the Sikh Panth (1539–1606)

Summary
The position of the Sikh Panth at the end of Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar's reign may be seen as the culmination of a peaceful evolution of nearly three-quarters of a century. Akbar's conquests, his concessions and measures on conciliation resulted in peace and security in his vast dominions, particularly during the second half of his reign. Akbar's reign was covered by the pontificates of three of the first four successors of Guru Nanak. These three were Guru Amar Das, Guru Ram Das and Guru Arjan. The number of Sikhs increased considerably in the time of Guru Amar Das. Guru Ram Das advises his followers not to retaliate, but to leave things to God. The dīwāns of God, the Sikhs, need not be afraid of the earthly dlwdns, the administrators of the empire. The religious ideology of Guru Nanak was reinforced by his successors in a manner that added new dimensions without minimizing the importance of his basic ideas.
Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

The Sikhs of the Punjab
  • Online ISBN: 9781139053365
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CHOL9780521268844
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
×
Akbar, Ahsan Raza Khan, Chieftains in the Mughal Empire During the Reign of Akbar, Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Simla, 1977.
(Singh, Giani Hazara ed.) Varān Bhāi Gurdās Wazir-i-Hind Press, Amritsar, 1962, vār 11, pauṛī.
Goswamy, B. N. and Grewal, J. S., The Mughals and the Jogis of Jakhbar, Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Simla, 1967.
Grewal, J. S., Guru Nanak in History, Panjab University, Chandigarh, 1979.
McLeod, W. H., The Evolution of the Sikh Community, Oxford University Press, 1975.
Singh, Sahib (ed.), Stīk Satta Balwand dī Vār, Amritsar 1949; Sadd Stīk, Amritsar, 1958.