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Soldiers of Empire
  • Tarak Barkawi, London School of Economics and Political Science

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    Soldiers of Empire
    • Online ISBN: 9781316718612
    • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/9781316718612
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Book description

How are soldiers made? Why do they fight? Re-imagining the study of armed forces and society, Barkawi examines the imperial and multinational armies that fought in Asia in the Second World War, especially the British Indian army in the Burma campaign. Going beyond conventional narratives, Barkawi studies soldiers in transnational context, from recruitment and training to combat and memory. Drawing on history, sociology and anthropology, the book critiques the 'Western way of war' from a postcolonial perspective. Barkawi reconceives soldiers as cosmopolitan, their battles irreducible to the national histories that monopolise them. This book will appeal to those interested in the Second World War, armed forces and the British Empire, and students and scholars of military sociology and history, South Asian studies and international relations.

Reviews

‘It is sociological military history of the highest quality.'

Christopher Dandeker - King's College London

‘Only very rarely does a book come along which rips up the existing foundations of our thought and forces us to rethink the pigeon holes into which we put it. This is such a book. If you have been perplexed as to why Sikhs became the bedrock of the British Indian Amy but have not joined today's British Army in the same numbers, Tarak Barkawi gives you the answer. The implications, however, range far beyond his declared subject matter, challenging not just how we conceptualise armies and the ways in which they fight, but also how we configure the battles in which they kill and are killed.'

Sir Hew Strachan - military historian

‘How does an army succeed in beating a tough enemy, overcoming its own racial, caste and linguistic hierarchies and divisions? Tarak Barkawi's fascinating book on the Indian Army in World War II draws important lessons for those interested in the causes of imperial control and military effectiveness.'

Steven Wilkinson - Yale University, Connecticut

‘Both the scholarship and popular wisdom about modern armies links their loyalty, courage and sacrifice to shared identities, whether national, racial or ethnic. In this superb study of the multi-racial, multi-lingual and multi-religious British Indian army during the Second World War, Tarak Barkawi demonstrates how this simplistic view can only be sustained by consigning imperial and other diverse or non-national forces to backward peoples and non-modern pasts. He points out that far from being historical curiosities, such cosmopolitan armies have increasingly come to characterise warfare all over the world, with the Indian army itself transformed from an old-fashioned colonial force to a global one in the 1940s. Using imperial history to question the Western obsession with citizen-armies, themselves more myth than reality, Barkawi allows us to understand the changing nature of military cohesion in fresh new ways.'

Faisal Devji - University of Oxford

‘Tarak Barkawi brings his unusual insight to the timeless question of how soldiers are made and why they fight. In challenging much of the received wisdom about the relationship between the armed forces and society, this original and richly documented account of British Indian and British imperial forces underscores the value of bringing a postcolonial perspective to the study of the military. This path-breaking book will be of interest to historians, political scientists and sociologists. It is likely to become a classic in the field.'

Elizabeth Kier - University of Washington

'Soldiers of Empire is a wonderful book: beautifully written, expertly crafted and mixing high theory with historical detail in a way that is as rare as it is illuminating. All contributors to this forum agree that it is a work of immense scholarship, one that occupies an innovative space at the interstices of military history, historical sociology and post-colonial theory.'

George Lawson Source: International Affairs

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I
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II
Bagshawe Major John and Schlaefli Major Robin. 23 February 2004, in Poole, Dorset, UK. Wartime officers in MG/11th Sikhs.
Biggs Major Maurice. 25 April 2000 in the Gurkha Museum, Winchester, UK. Wartime officer in 2/4th Gurkha Rifles.
Coppen George. 24 April 2001 in Rownhams, Southampton, UK. Wartime officer in 14/13th Frontier Force Rifles.
Davies Gwylm. 28 August 2000 in Penparcau, Aberystwyth, Wales, UK. Other rank in 1/Royal Welch Fusiliers.
Delafield Major Aynsley. 5 April 2001 in Bucknell, Shropshire, UK. Wartime officer in 2/13th Frontier Force Riles.
Dhatt Rajinder Singh. 13 April 2002 in Hounslow, London, UK. Havildar Major in the Royal Indian Army Service Corps.
Demetriadi Colonel M. A.. 16 October 2000 in Brandeston, Suffolk, UK. Served in various capacities in 1/Royal Welch Fusiliers.
Lt. Col. Farrow W. L.. 19 April 2004 in Farnham, Surrey, UK. Wartime officer in 1/11th Sikhs.
Francis Peter and Banks Tony. 19 January 2001 in Sollers Hope, Hereford, UK. Both wartime officers in MG Bn/9th Jat.
Gadsdon Major Peter H., MBE, MC. 17 October 2000 in Seaford, Sussex, UK. Wartime officer in 4/14th Punjab.
Hamilton John. 26 April 2001 in Leatherhead, Surrey, UK. Wartime officer in 81 (WA) Division.
Jenkins Graham. 27 February 2001 in Ferryside, Dyfed, Wales. Wartime officer in 2/13th Frontier Force Rifles.
Jones Reuben. 11 October 2000 in Mackworth, Derby, UK. Professional soldier and NCO in 1/Royal Welch Fusiliers.
Lt. Col. Mains Tony. 11 April 2000 in Farnham, Surrey, UK. Professional officer in the 9th Gurkha Rifles.
Martin Clifford. 1 April 2001 in Henley-on-Thames, Oxon., UK. Wartime officer in 7/10th Baluch.
Nunneley John. 15 June 2000 in London, UK. Wartime officer in 36 KAR.
Pujji Mohinder Singh. 6 February 2002 in Gravesend, Kent, UK. Wartime pilot in RAF and RIAF.
Price Helen. 17 November 2000 in Edinburgh, Scotland, UK. Physiotherapist attached to an Indian Army hospital.
Pursa Kamal Bahadur. 3 May 2000 in the Gurkha Museum, Winchester, UK. Serving other rank in 1/Royal Gurkha Rifles.
Randle Brigadier John. 31 January 2001 in Wellisford, Somerset, UK. Wartime officer in 7/10th Baluch.
Singh Gian. 15 November 2000 in Skewen, Wales, UK. Other rank in Sikh Light Infantry.
Ron ‘25’ Thomas. 4 September 2000 in Wrexham, Wales, UK. Other rank in 1/Royal Welch Fusiliers.
Wallis J. R.. 25 April 2001 in Hayling Island, Hampshire, UK. Wartime officer in 14/13th Frontier Force Rilfes.
Wigston and District Branch of the Burma Star Association. 4 May 2000 in the British Legion, Wigston, Leicester, UK. Present: Len Prior, other rank 2/Norfolks; Brian Bisiker, wartime officer, 1/Gambia; Evritt Loseby, other rank, 28 Jungle Field Regiment.
III
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