Skip to main content
×
×
Home
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 31
  • Cited by
    This chapter has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Badinlou, Farzaneh Kormi-Nouri, Reza Mousavi Nasab, S. M. Hossein and Knopf, Monika 2017. Developmental differences in episodic memory across school ages: evidence from enacted events performed by self and others. Memory, Vol. 25, Issue. 1, p. 84.

    Badham, Stephen P. and Maylor, Elizabeth A. 2016. Antimnemonic effects of schemas in young and older adults. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, Vol. 23, Issue. 1, p. 78.

    Cherry, Katie E. Silva Brown, Jennifer Jackson Walker, Erin Smitherman, Emily A. Boudreaux, Emily O. Volaufova, Julia and Michal Jazwinski, S. 2012. Semantic encoding enhances the pictorial superiority effect in the oldest-old*. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, Vol. 19, Issue. 1-2, p. 319.

    Rodrigues, Jérôme Sauzéon, Hélène Langevin, Sabine Raboutet, Catriona and N’Kaoua, Bernard 2011. Modéliser les phénomènes de compensation mnésique dans le cadre des niveaux de traitement : application au vieillissement. L’Année psychologique, Vol. 111, Issue. 03, p. 481.

    Froger, Charlotte Taconnat, Laurence Landré, Lionel Beigneux, Katia and Isingrini, Michel 2009. Effects of level of processing at encoding and types of retrieval task in mild cognitive impairment and normal aging. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, Vol. 31, Issue. 3, p. 312.

    Nilsson, Erik and Wahlin, Åke 2009. Diabetes and elevated glycosylated haemoglobin: Episodic memory and utilisation of cognitive support. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, Vol. 21, Issue. 2-3, p. 388.

    Provencher, Véronique Bier, Nathalie Audet, Thérèse and Gagnon, Lise 2008. Errorless-Based Techniques Can Improve Route Finding in Early Alzheimer's Disease: A Case Study. American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease & Other Dementiasr, Vol. 23, Issue. 1, p. 47.

    Cherry, Katie E. Hawley, Karri S. Jackson, Erin M. Volaufova, Julia Su, L. Joseph and Jazwinski, S. Michal 2008. Pictorial superiority effects in oldest-old people. Memory, Vol. 16, Issue. 7, p. 728.

    Morrow, Daniel G. and Rogers, Wendy A. 2008. Environmental Support: An Integrative Framework. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, Vol. 50, Issue. 4, p. 589.

    Fritsch, Thomas Larsen, Janet D. and Smyth, Kathleen A. 2007. The Role of Adolescent IQ and Gender in the Use of Cognitive Support for Remembering in Aging. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, Vol. 14, Issue. 4, p. 394.

    Bunce, David 2003. Cognitive support at encoding attenuates age differences in recollective experience among adults of lower frontal lobe function.. Neuropsychology, Vol. 17, Issue. 3, p. 353.

    Nyberg, Lars Maitland, Scott B. Rönnlund, Michael Bäckman, Lars Dixon, Roger A. Wahlin, Åke and Nilsson, Lars-Göran 2003. Selective adult age differences in an age-invariant multifactor model of declarative memory.. Psychology and Aging, Vol. 18, Issue. 1, p. 149.

    Kabir, Zarina Nahar and Herlitz, Agneta 2000. The Bangla Adaptation of Mini-mental State Examination (BAMSE): an instrument to assess cognitive function in illiterate and literate individuals. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, Vol. 15, Issue. 5, p. 441.

    Morrow, Daniel G. 2000. Designing Automated Telephone Messages for Older Adults. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, Vol. 44, Issue. 24, p. 4-30.

    Pennequin, Valérie and Fontaine, Roger 2000. Training the Elderly: The Example of Class Inclusion. Adultspan Journal, Vol. 2, Issue. 2, p. 68.

    Morrow, Daniel Leirer, Von O. Carver, Lisa M. Tanke, Elizabeth Decker and McNally, Alison D. 1999. Repetition Improves Older and Younger Adult Memory for Automated Appointment Messages. Human Factors: The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society, Vol. 41, Issue. 2, p. 194.

    Cherry, Katie E. and Jones, Martin W. 1999. Age-Related Differences in Spatial Memory: Effects of Structural and Organizational Context. The Journal of General Psychology, Vol. 126, Issue. 1, p. 53.

    Hassing, Linda Wahlin, Åke and Bäckman, Lars 1998. Minimal influence of age, education, and gender on episodic memory functioning in very old age: a population-based study of nonagenarians. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Vol. 27, Issue. 1, p. 75.

    Backman, Maria Larsson Lars 1997. Age-related Differences in Episodic Odour Recognition: The Role of Access to Specific Odour Names. Memory, Vol. 5, Issue. 3, p. 361.

    Nilsson, Lars-GÖRan BÄCkman, Lars Erngrund, Karin Nyberg, Lars Adolfsson, Rolf Bucht, GÖSta Karlsson, Stig Widing, Maud and Winblad, Bengt 1997. The betula prospective cohort study: Memory, health, and aging. Aging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition, Vol. 4, Issue. 1, p. 1.

    ×
  • Print publication year: 1990
  • Online publication date: March 2010

5 - The optimization of episodic remembering in old age

Summary

Introduction

The purpose of this chapter is to survey the literature on aging and memory with special reference to the factors that promote the optimization of episodic remembering in old age. The overall objective of this enterprise is to identify and organize the variables that may contribute to our understanding of how and when older adults exhibit good memory performance. The review focuses on memory tasks that are episodic and explicit in nature, thus requiring conscious recollection of episodes encoded in a particular temporal–spatial context (e.g., lists of words encountered in the laboratory). Although microgenetic longitudinal studies in the form of research on memory training have received increasing attention from investigators during recent years, the bulk of empirical inquiry pertaining to the issue of memory optimization in old age is cross-sectional. This bias is reflected in the present review.

The concept of optimization is complex. It may be analyzed from a variety of perspectives and with different criteria. Taking the perspective that optimization is a concept that is related to the maximal performance level for a given individual in a given task, it follows that we have to know the absolute ceiling of performance for that individual in that task in order to make any definite statements about optimization. As far as the psychology of memory is concerned, determining an individual's performance ceiling in a given task is difficult. Although an individual may have reached the asymptotic level after, say, 3,000 trials, it is an open question what might happen after, say, 50,000 trials.

Recommend this book

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this book to your organisation's collection.

Successful Aging
  • Online ISBN: 9780511665684
  • Book DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511665684
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to *
×