Skip to main content
×
×
Home
The Temne of Sierra Leone

Book description

Much of the research and study of the formation of Sierra Leone focuses almost exclusively on the role of the so-called Creoles, or descendants of ex-slaves from Europe, North America, Jamaica, and Africa living in the colony. In this book, Joseph J. Bangura cuts through this typical narrative surrounding the making of the British colony, and instead offers a fresh look at the role of the often overlooked indigenous Temne-speakers. Bangura explores, however, the socio-economic formation, establishment, and evolution of Freetown, from the perspective of different Temne-speaking groups, including market women, religious figures, and community leaders and the complex relationships developed in the process. Examining key issues, such as the politics of belonging, African agency, and the creation of national identities, Bangura offers an account of Sierra Leone that sheds new perspectives on the social history of the colony.

Reviews

'Joseph J. Bangura, in a revisionist history of Sierra Leone, argues convincingly that African identities, such as Temne and Krio, were constructed and transformed in the dynamic interplay between Freetown and its rural hinterland. This compelling social history draws on a broad range of materials to analyze the contributions of farmers and traders, women and men, and Muslims and Christians in Sierra Leonean past.'

John H. Hanson - Indiana University, Bloomington

Refine List
Actions for selected content:
Select all | Deselect all
  • View selected items
  • Export citations
  • Download PDF (zip)
  • Send to Kindle
  • Send to Dropbox
  • Send to Google Drive
  • Send content to

    To send content items to your account, please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account. Find out more about sending content to .

    To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

    Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

    Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

    Please be advised that item(s) you selected are not available.
    You are about to send
    ×

Save Search

You can save your searches here and later view and run them again in "My saved searches".

Please provide a title, maximum of 40 characters.
×
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Sierra Leone Blue Books, 1901. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1901.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. An Ordinance for the Development and Expression of Education on Western Lines among the Mohammedans of the Colony of Sierra Leone and Protectorate. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1902.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. An Ordinance to Promote a System of Administration by Tribal Authority among the Tribes Settled in Freetown, No. 19 of 1905. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1905a.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Returns of Mohammedan Schools, 1905, Freetown: Government Printing office, 1905b.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. An Ordinance to Confer Certain Powers on the Headmen of Towns in the Colony of Sierra Leone, No. 31 of 1906. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1906a.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Regulation Made by the Headman of Adonkia Under Section 4 of “the Headman Ordinance 1905” (No. 38 of 1906). Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1906b.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Appointment of Kandeh as Timni Alikali of Waterloo, MP 1681/21 LM 34 3/11 109/23. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1911a.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Commissioner of Police to District Commissioner, Head Quarter District, Waterloo, MP/F No. 238, 1911. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1911b.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Local Administration in Waterloo District, MP 234/18 PC 22 1/18 112/10. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1911c.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Report on Mohammedan Education, 1912. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1912.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Notes on Tribal Administration in Freetown M P/170/39: Tribal Rule 48/1915. Freetown: National Archives, 1917.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Report and Summary of the Census of 1921. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1922.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Alimamy Suri, Tribal Ruler of the Timnies, Minute Paper 107/2211/1923. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1923.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Employment and Administrative Report, 1923. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1924.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Laws of the Colony and Protectorate of Sierra Leone. Revised Edition, January 1, 1925. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1925.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. The Laws of the Colony and Protectorate of Sierra Leone. Revised Edition, January 1, 1946. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1946.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Complaints against the Temne Tribal Headman, T2/6/5, MP 1158/1/1/16, 4/10/49. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1949a.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Report of 1947 Population Census. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1949b.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Treaty between the Governor of Sierra Leone and King Tom, 1801. London: UK National Archives, 1801.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Proceedings of the Seventh Meeting. Freetown: Government Printer, 1950.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Report of Commission of Inquiry into the Strike and Riots in Freetown, Sierra Leone During February 1955. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1955.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Review of Government During the Year From November 1952 to November 1953. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1953.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Ministry of Internal Affairs and Development 137/64/23/1/52. Freetown: Elections Organ Office, 1957.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. An Ordinance to make Provision with respect to Municipal City of Freetown No. 1 of 1945. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1945.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. The Rural Area Council Ordinance No. 11 of 1949 MP 13764/23, Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1949.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Complaint from I.T.A. Wallace-Johnson About the Temne Tribal Ruler to the Governor, 134/11, 1957. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1957.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Colonial Secretary to Isaac T.A. Wallace-Johnson, March 25, 1957. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1957.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Legislative Council Debates, Sessions 1925–1926. Freetown, 1956.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. An Ordinance for the Development and Expression of Education on Western Lines Among the Mohammedans of the Colony of Sierra Leone and Protectorate. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1902.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Legislative Council Debates, Sessions 1925–1926. Freetown: 1926.
Colonial Office 267/683 6/21/1941 32336. London: National Archives.
Colonial Office 267/683, 32375/1943. London: National Archives.
Colonial Office 267/698, 32810/9/4/51. London: National Archives.
Colonial Office 267/698 1950.
Colonial Office 267/683 1941.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Sierra Leone Blue Book, 1901. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1901.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Sierra Leone Blue Book, 1910. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1910.
Colonial Secretary’s Office.Sierra Leone Blue Book 1913. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1913.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Sierra Leone Blue Book, 1928. London: National Archives, 1928.
Colonial Secretary’s Office. Sierra Leone Blue Book, 1911. Freetown: Government Printing Office, 1914.
Daily Mail, Freetown, February 15, 1955.
Sierra Leone Daily Mail, Freetown, November 11, 1952.
Sierra Leone Daily Mail, Freetown, November 25, 1952.
Daily Mail, Freetown, May 23, 1952.
Daily Mail, Freetown, February 15, 1955.
Daily Mail, Freetown, April 7, 1955.
Daily Mail, Freetown, October and November, 1953.
Madora, Freetown, February 16, 1961.
Shekpendeh, Freetown, August–September 1958.
Shekpendeh, Freetown, October 20, 1958.
Shekpendeh, Freetown, September 29, 1958.
Shekependeh, Freetown, October 29, 1958.
Sierra Leone Mail and Guardian, Freetown, September 1912.
Sierra Leone Observer, Freetown, May 6, 1950.
Sierra Leone Times, Freetown, June 18, 1892.
Sierra Leone Times, Freetown, August 24, 1895.
Sierra Leone Times, Freetown, March 12, 1892.
Sierra Leone Times, Freetown, January 23, 1897.
Sierra Leone Times, Freetown, February 17, 1900.
Sierra Leone Times, Freetown, May 20, 1893.
Sierra Leone Times, Freetown, June 17, 1893.
Sierra Leone Times, Freetown, February 2, 1895.
Sierra Leone Times, Freetown, September 29, 1900.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, January–April, 1892.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, September–November 1892.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, January 17, 1892.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, June 15, 1895.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, April 9, 1951.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, April 8, 1893.
SLWN, Freetown, October 10, 1893.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, January–March 1887.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, June and September, 1893.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, September 20, 1884.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, August 13, 1887.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, April 20, 1889.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, February 5, 1898.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, October 18, 1890.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, May 10, 1890.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, May 7, 1898.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, June 18, 1898.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, June 6, 1885.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, August 13, 1887.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, September 24, 1887.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, April 22, 1893.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, December 16, 1895.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, January 4, 1902.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, October 30, 1909.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, December 23, 1911.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, August 24, 1924.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, June 24, 1939.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, August 24, 1924.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, August 23, 1924.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, October 9, 1948.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, August 3, 1950.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, April 5, 1947.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, August 2, 1947.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, November 26, 1946.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, September 11, 1948.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, May 14, 1949.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, November 5, 1949.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, August 5, 1950.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, October–November 1950.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, February 25, 1950.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, January 24, 1951.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, July 7, 1951.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, April 20, 1892.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, April 16, 1890.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, April–June, 1893.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, March 15, 1894.
The Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, August 26, 1899.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, July 25, 1931.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, September 12, 1931.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, June 14, 1942.
Sierra Leone Weekly News, Freetown, September 9, 1943.
The Sierra Leone Daily Mail, Freetown, March 21, 1953.
The Agency, Freetown, January 8, 1887.
The African Standard, Freetown, August 12, 1949.
The African Vanguard, Freetown, February 25, 1955.
The African Standard, Freetown, August 19, 1945.
The African Standard, August 16, 1955.
The African Vanguard, Freetown, August 19, 1955.
The Daily Guardian, Freetown, February 14, 1955.
The Daily Guardian, Freetown, April 17, 1955.
The Sierra Leone Guardian, Freetown, August 18, 1919.
West Africa Mail and Trade Gazette, Freetown, January 30, 1926.
West Africa Mail and Trade Gazette, January 2, 1926.
West Africa Mail and Trade Gazette, Freetown, January 9, 1926.
West Africa Mail and Trade Gazette, Freetown, April 10, 1926.
West Africa Mail and Trade Gazette, Freetown, April 26, 1926.
West Africa Mail and Trade Gazette, Freetown, April–June, 1930.
West Africa, June 11, 1960.
West Africa, June 25, 1960.
West Africa, September 24, 1960.
West Africa, June 25, 1960.
Abdul Bangura, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, October 9–10, 2003.
Alhaji Sheik Gibril Kamara, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, November 5, 2003.
Alhaji Usman Sillah, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, November 4, 2003.
Hassan Bangura, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, November 4 and 10, 2003.
Hajj Bangurah, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, November 1–5, 2003.
Ambassador Sorsoh Conteh, interviewed by Rahman M. Bangura, Freetown, December 1–10, 2003.
Chief Adikalie Gbonko, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, October-November, 2003.
Alhaji Usman Sillah, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, November 10, 2003.
Atou Diagne, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Touba, Senegal, May 10, 2006.
Yamba Kalie, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, September 30, 2003.
Gibril Kamara, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, November 4, 2003.
Haja Sukainatu Bangura, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, September 29–30 and November 1–5, 2003.
Mbalu Conteh, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, November 5, 2003.
George Caulker, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, November 4–5, 2003.
Pa Alimamy Yenki Kamara, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, November 2–4, 2003.
Adama Kamara, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, October 5 and November 5, 2003.
Mohamed Sorie Kamara, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, November 2, 2003.
Lamin Kamara, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, November 3, 2003.
Hassan Kamara, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, October 5, 2003.
Rukor Koroma, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, September 12, 2003.
Memunatu Koroma, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, October 14–15 and November 3, 2003.
Ansumana Koroma, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, September 5, 2003.
Kadiatu Turay, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, October 30, 2003.
Pa Dumbuya, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, November 1–3, 2003.
Pa Sorie Dumbuya, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, November 10, 2003.
Mohammed Kallay, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, November 2, 2003.
Brima Sesay, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, November 10, 2003.
Mammy Fatu, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, November 10, 2003.
Santigie Turay, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, November 3, 2003.
Ibrahim Fadika, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, November 4, 2003.
Gbessay Sesay, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, October 6, 2003.
Salieu Jalloh, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, November 1, 2003.
Imam Sillah, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, November 2, 2003.
Mohamed Turay, interviewed by Rahman Bangura, Freetown, December 4, 2003.
Morlai Kamara, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, November 10, 2003.
Macksoud Sesay, interviewed by Joseph J Bangura, Kalamazoo, January 10, 2016.
Mohammed Kuyateh, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Kalamazoo, April 14, 2006.
Sheik Gibril Kamara, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, November 6, 2003.
Salamatu Sesay, interviewed by Joseph J. Bangura, Freetown, September 8, 2003.
Sesay Private Papers, “Notes on Islamic Teachings” (Freetown: 1951).
Sesay Private Papers, “The Alimania” (Freetown: 1951), p. 10.
Sesay Private Papers, “The Temne Mosque Project,” p. 15.
Sesay Private Papers, J. B. Jenkins-Johnston to Alhaji G. Sesay: Re. Visit of Her Majesty, 4566/FC/292 10/10/61. (Freetown: 1961).
Sesay Private Papers, J. B. Jenkins-Johnston, Town Clerk to Councillor Alhaji G. Sesay, Board of Education, 1896/ED/4/38 19/4/61. (Freetown: 1961).
Sesay Private Papers, Leslie A. Perowne to Gibril Sesay, SLBS/14/1/175 27th December 1959. (Freetown).
Sesay Private Papers, Permanent Secretary to Sesay, Lantern Procession, 22 July 1959, (Freetown).
Sesay Private Papers, Prime Minister to Sesay: Eid-ul-Fitri, OPM, 37/742 18 February 1961 (Freetown).
Sesay Private Papers, Proudfoot to Sesay, September 9 1958 (Freetown).
Sesay Private Papers, S. I. Kanu to Alhaji Sheik Gibril Sesay, Invitation As Guest Speaker, July 2 1959 (Freetown).
Sesay Private Papers, S. J. A. Short to Alhaji Gibril Sesay, I.L.O. Celebrations- Religious Services, 16th July 1959 (Freetown).
Sesay Private Papers, Sesay to Chief Imams In Freetown, 27th April 1959. (Freetown).
Sesay Private Papers, Sesay to His Excellency the Governor, Eid-ul-Fitri Celebrations in Sierra Leone, April 1958 (Freetown).
Sesay Private Papers, Sesay to Imams in Freetown Moulid Nabi’s Celebrations August 12 1958 (Freetown).
Sesay Private Papers, Sesay to Imams in Sierra Leone, July 1959 (Freetown).
Sesay Private Papers, Sesay to Madam Mamawa Sama, Paramount Chief Gorahun Tunkia Chiefdom, ASGS/12/1959 (Freetown).
Sesay Private Papers, Sesay to Members of the Sierra Leone Pilgrims Association, May 28 1957 (Freetown).
Sesay Private Papers, Sesay to Ministry of Trade and Industry 22 February 1960 (Freetown: 1960).
Sesay Private Papers, Sesay to the Education Officer, Colony Office, 14/4/1959 (Freetown).
Sesay Private Papers, Sesay to the Mayor, Freetown City Council, August 19, 1958 (Freetown).
Sesay Private Papers, Sesay to the Temne Congregation, General Meeting, 11 May 1959 (Freetown).
Sesay Private Papers. Proudfoot to Sesay, June 1, 1960. (Freetown: 1960).
Abdulkader, Tayob. Islam in South Africa: Mosques, Imams and Sermons. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1999.
Alhadi, Ahmed. The Re-Emancipation of the Colony of Sierra Leone. Freetown: 1956.
Alharazim, M. Saif’ud Deen. “The Origin and Progress of Islam in Sierra LeoneSierra Leone Studies 21 (January 1939): 1326.
Alldridge, Thomas J. A Transformed Colony. Sierra Leone: As It Was, and As It Is, Its Progress, Peoples, Native Customs and Underdeveloped Wealth. London: Seeley, 1910.
Badru, Pade and Sackey, Brigid Maa, eds. Islam in Africa South of the Sahara: Essays in Gender Relations and Political Reform. Lanham: The Scarecrow Press, Inc., 2013.
Badru, Pade. “Basic Doctrines of Islam and Colonialism in Africa.” In Badru, Pade and Sackey, Brigid Maa, eds. Islam in Africa South of the Sahara: Essays in Gender Relations and Political Reform. Lanham: The Scarecrow Press, Inc., 2013:2746.
Bangura, Joseph J. “Constitutional Development and Ethnic Entrepreneurism in Sierra Leone: A Metahistorical Analysis.” In Mustapha, Marda and Bangura, Joseph J., Democratization and Human Security in Postwar Sierra Leone. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016: 1334.
Bangura, Joseph J. Identity Formation and Ethnic Invention: A Case Study of the Creoles, 1870–1961 Dalhousie University, Unpublished MA thesis, 2001.
Bangura, Joseph J. “Gender and Ethnic Relations in Colonial Freetown: Temne Women in Colonial Freetown, History in Africa, 39 (2012):267292.
Michael, Banton, West African City: A Study of Tribal Life in Freetown. London: Oxford University, 1957.
Michael, BantonAdaptation and Integration in the Social System of Temne Immigrants in FreetownAfrica 26, 4 (October 1956):354368.
Barnes, Teresa A.We Women Worked So Hard.” Gender, Urbanization, and Social Reproduction in Colonial Harare, Zimbabwe, 1930–1956. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann, 1999.
Mack, Beverley and Boyd, Jean, One Woman’s Jihad: Nana Asma’U, Scholar and Scribe Bloomington: Indiana University, 2000.
Blyden, Edward III. Sierra Leone: The Pattern of Constitutional Change, 1924–1951. PhD Dissertation, Harvard University, 1959.
Bravman, Bill. Making Ethnic Ways: Communities and their Transformations in Kenya, 1800–1950. Portsmouth: Heinemann, 1998.
Buxton, T.F.V.The Creole in West Africa,” Journal of the African Society (1912–1913): 385394.
Cameron, Donald. “Native Administration in Nigeria and Tanganyika,” cited in Thomas Spear, “Neo-Traditionalism and the Limits of Invention in British Colonial Africa,” Journal of African History 44 (2003):327.
Cartwright, John. Politics in Sierra Leone, 1947–1967. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1970.
Clark, Gracia. African Market Women: Seven Life Stories from Ghana Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2010.
Clarke, John I. Sierra Leone in Maps. London: University of London, 1969.
Cohen, Abner. The Politics of Elite Culture: Explorations in the Dramaturgy of Power in a Modern African Society. Oakland: University of California Press, 1981.
Collier, Gershon. Experiment in Democracy in an African Nation. New York: New York University, 1970.
Cooper, Frederick. Africa Since 1940: The Past of the Present. Cambridge: Cambridge University, 2002.
Cooper, Frederick. Struggle for the City: Migrant Labor, Capital and the State in Urban Africa Beverly Hills, London and New Delhi: Sage Publications, 1983, p. 10
Cole, Gibril. The Krio of West Africa: Islam, Creolization, and Colonialism in the Nineteenth Century. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 2013.
Cornwall, Andrea. “Perspective on Gender in Africa.” In Andrea, Cornwall, ed. Readings in Gender in Africa. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2005:119.
Coquery-Vidrovitch, Catherine. African Women: A Modern History. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1997.
Cromwell, Adelaide. An African Victorian Feminist: The Life and Times of Adelaide Casely Hayford 1868–1960.Washington, D.C.: Howard University Press, 1992.
Crooks, J. J. History of the Colony, p. 30; Sierra Leone Weekly News, April 16, 1890.
Dorjahn, Vernon R.The Changing Political System of the TemneAfrica 30, 2 (1960):110:140.
Dorjahn, Vernon R.African Traders in Central Sierra Leone.” In Bohannan, Paul and Dalton, George, eds., Markets in Africa. Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press, 1962:6188.
Falola, Toyin. “Gender, Business, and Space Control: Yoruba Market Women and Power.” In House-Midamba, Bessie and Ekechi, Felix K., eds. African Market Women and Economic Power: The Role of Women in African Economic Development. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, 1995:2340.
Goodwin, Stefan. Africa’s Legacy of Urbanization: Unfolding Saga of A Continent. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2006.
Fyfe, Christopher. “1787-1887-1987, Reflections on A Bicentenary.” In Last, Murray and Richards, Paul. Two Centuries of Intellectual Life. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1988. pp. 411421.
Fyfe, Christopher. “European and Creole Influence in the Interior of Sierra Leone before 1896Sierra Leone Studies 6 (1956), pp. 113115.
Fyfe, Christopher. A History of Sierra Leone. London: Oxford University Press, 1962.
Fyfe, Christopher. Sierra Leone Inheritance. London: Oxford University Press, 1964.
Fyfe, Christopher. “The Term ‘Creole’: A Footnote to HistoryAfrica 50, 4, (1980): 422.
Fyfe, Christopher. “A. B. C. Sibthorpe: A Tribute,” Sierra Leone Studies ns 10 (1958): 99109.
Fyfe, Christopher. “Akintola Wyse: Creator of the Krio Myth.” In Fyle, Mac Dixon and Cole, Gibril, New Perspectives on the Sierra Leone Krio. Baltimore: Peter Lang Inc., 2005.
Geiger, Susan, TANU Women: Gender and Culture in the Making of Tanganyika Nationalism, 1955–1965. Portsmouth: Heinemann, 1997.
Geiger, SusanTanganyika Nationalism as ‘Women’s Work’: Life Histories, Collective Biography and Changing HistoriographyThe Journal of African History 37 3 (1996):465478.
Glassman, Jonathon. War of Words, War of Stones, Racial Thought and Violence in Colonia Zanzibar. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2011.
Goodwin, Stefan. Africa’s Legacy of Urbanization: Unfolding Saga of A Continent. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2006.
Hailey, Lord. Native Administration in the British Territories. London: His Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1951.
Harrell-Bond, Barbara, Howard, Allen M. and Skinner, David E., Community Leadership and the Transformation of Freetown (1801–1976). The Hague: Mouton Publishers, 1978.
Hanretta, Sean. Islam and Social Change in French West Africa: History of An Emancipatory Community. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2009.
Hargreaves, J. D.Sir Samuel Lewis and the Legislative CouncilSierra Leone Studies, n.s., 6 (June 1956):4052.
Hargreaves, J. D.The Establishment of the Sierra Leone Protectorate and the Insurrection of 1898Cambridge Historical Journal 12, 1 (1956):5680.
Hargreaves, J. D.Western Democracy and African Society: Some Reflections from Sierra Leone,” International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944) 31, 3 (July, 1955): 327334.
Harrell-Bond, Barbara, Howard, Allen M. and Skinner, David E., Community Leadership and the Transformation of Freetown (1801–1976). The Hague: Mouton Publishers, 1978.
Harris, David John. Sierra Leone: A Political History. London: Oxford University Press, 2014.
Harvey, Milton. “Implications of Migrations to Freetown: A Study of the Relationships Between Migrants, Housing and OccupationCivilisations 18, 2 (1968):247269.
Horton, James Beale Africanus. West African Countries and Peoples, British and Native Switzerland: Kraus-Thomson, 1970.
Howard, Allen M.Mande Identity Formation in the Economic and Political Context of North-West Sierra Leone, 1750–1900Padeuma 46 (2000): 1335.
Howard, Allen M.Contesting Commercial Space in Freetown, 1869–1930: Traders, Merchants and OfficialsCanadian Journal of African Studies 37 (2003): 236268.
Howard, Allen M. and Shain, Richard M., eds., The African Spatial Factor in African History: The Relationship of the Social, Material, and Perceptual. Leiden and Boston: Brill, 2005.
Howard, Allen M. and Shain, Richard M.Pawning in Coastal Northwest Sierra Leone, 1870–1910.” In Falola, Toyin and Lovejoy, Paul E., eds., Pawnship in Africa: debt bondage in historical perspective. Boulder and San Francisco: Westview Press, 1994:267283.
Howard, Allen. “The Role of Freetown in the Commercial Life of Sierra Leone.” In Fyfe, Christopher and Jones, Eldred, eds., Freetown: A Symposium. Freetown: Sierra Leone University, 1968:3864.
Ijagbami, Adeleye. “The Kossoh War 1838–41: A Study in Temne/Colony Relations in the Nineteenth CenturyJournal of the Historical Society of Nigeria 1, 4 (June 1971).
Ijagbami, Adeleye. The History of the Temne in the 19th Century. PhD Dissertation, Edinburgh University, 1968.
Ijagbami, Adeleye. Naimbana of Sierra Leone. London: Heinemann, 1976.
Ingham, Ernest G. Sierra Leone after a Hundred Years. London: Cass Library of African Studies, 1968.
Insoll, Timothy. The Archaeology of Islam in Sub-Saharan Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.
Isaac, Barry LaMont, Traders in Pendembu: A Case Study of Entrepreneurship. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1969.
Jalloh, Alusine. African Entrepreneurship: Muslim Fula Merchants in Sierra Leone. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Center for International Studies, 1999.
Kevane, Michael. Women and Development in Africa: How Gender Works. Boulder and London: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2004.
Kilson, Martin. Political Change in a West African State: A Study of the Modernization Process in Sierra Leone. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1966.
Kuczynski, R. R. Demographic Survey of the British Colonial Empire. London and New York: Oxford University Press, 1948.
Kup, A. P.An Account of the Tribal Distribution of Sierra Leone,” Man (August 1960).
Little, Kenneth. Africa Women in Towns: An Aspect of Africa’s Social Revolution. London: Cambridge University Press, 1973.
Little, Kenneth. West African Urbanization: A Study of Voluntary Associations in Social Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1970.
Little, Kenneth. “Structural Change in the Sierra Leone ProtectorateAfrica 25, 3 (1955): 217234.
Loimeier, Roman. Muslim Societies in Africa: A Historical Anthropology. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2013.
Lewis, Roy. Sierra Leone: A Modern Portrait. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1954.
Last, Murray and Richards, Paul, Sierra Leone, 1787–1987: Two Centuries of Intellectual Life. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1988.
Levtzion, Nehemia. Islam in West Africa: Religion, Society and Politics to 1800. Vermont and Great Britain: Ashgate Publishing Ltd., 1994.
Levtzion, Nehemia. and Randall, Pouwells, The History of Islam in Africa. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 2000.
Luke, T. C.Some Notes on the Creoles and their LandSierra Leone Studies 21 (1939), 5366.
McCaskie, T. C. History and Modernity in an African, Village, 1850–1950. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 2001.
Migeod, F. W. H. A View of Sierra Leone. New York: Brentano’s, 1927. Cited in Lewis, Sierra Leone, p. 33.
Moore, Moses N. Orishatukeh Faduma: Liberal Theology and Evangelical Pan-Africanism, 1857–1946. London: Scarecrow Press, 1996.
Miller, Joseph C. The Problem of Slavery As History: A Global Approach. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2012.
Morgan, Kenneth. Slavery and the British Empire: From Africa to America Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.
Newland H, Osman. Sierra Leone: Its People, Products and Secret Societies. New York: Negro Universities Press, 1969.
Moraes, P. F. de and Berber, Karin, eds., Self-Assertion and Brokerage: Early Cultural Nationalism in West Africa. Birmingham: University of Birmingham Center for West African Studies, 1990.
Osborn, Emily Lynn. Our New Husbands Are Here: Household, Gender, and Politics in a West African State from the Slave Trade to Colonial Rule. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 2011.
Parpart, Jane L. and Stichter, Sharon B., eds., African Women in the Home and the Workforce. Boulder: Westview Press, 1988.
Pen Portrait of Muslims in Sierra Leone. Freetown: Unpublished Pamphlet, n.d.
Peel, J. D. Y. Religious Encounter and the Making of the Yoruba. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1999.
Peterson, John. “A Study of the Dynamics of Liberated African Society, 1807–1870.” Northwestern University, PhD Dissertation, 1963.
Peterson, John. Province of Freedom: A History of Sierra Leone 1787–1870. London: Faber and Faber, 1969.
Phillips, Anne. The Enigma of Colonialism: British Policy in West Africa. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1989.
Porter, Arthur. Creoledom: A Study of the Development of Freetown Society. London: Oxford University Press, 1963.
Proudfoot, L.Mosque Building and Tribal Separatism in Freetown EastAfrica 29 (1959).
Proudfoot, L.Towards A Muslim Solidarity in FreetownAfrica 31 (1961).
Rashid, Ismail and Ojukutu-Macauley, Sylvia. Paradoxes of History and Memory in Post-Colonial Sierra Leone. Lanham: Lexington Books, 2013.
Riddell, Barry. The Spatial Dynamics of Modernization in Sierra Leone: Structure, Diffusion and Response. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1970.
Robinson, David. Muslim Societies in African History. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.
Sanneh, Lamin. “Islamic Consciousness and the African Society: An Essay in Historical InteractionFreetown: Unpublished Paper, Institute of African Studies, University of Sierra Leone, 1975, pp. 47.
Sanneh, Lamin. The Crown and the Turban: Muslims and West African Pluralism. Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1997.
Schmidt, Elizabeth. “‘Emancipate Your Husbands!’ Women and Nationalism in Guinea, 1953–1958.” In Allman, Jean, Geiger, Susan and Musisi, Nakanyike eds., Women in African Colonial Histories. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2002:282304.
Sierra Leonean Heroes: Fifty Great Men and Women Who Helped Build Our Nation. London: Commonwealth Printers Ltd., 1988.
Sitwell, Sean. Slavery and Slaving in African History. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Skinner, David, Harrell-Bond, Barbara, Howard, Allen M., “A Profile of Urban Leaders in Freetown, Sierra Leone (1905–1945)Tarikh 7, 1 (1981):1119.
Skinner, David, Harrell-Bond, Barbara, Howard, Allen M.Mande Settlement and the Development of Islamic Institutions in Sierra LeoneInternational Journal of African Historical Studies 11 (1978).
Skinner, David, Harrell-Bond, Barbara, Howard, Allen M.Islam and Education in the Colony and Hinterland of Sierra Leone (1750–1914)Canadian Journal of African Studies 3 (1976), p. 503.
Skinner, David, Harrell-Bond, Barbara, Howard, Allen M. Islam in Sierra Leone During the 19th Century. Unpublished PhD Dissertation, University of California, 1971.
Spear, Thomas and Waller, Richard, eds., Being Massai: Ethnicity and Identity in East Africa. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press, 1993.
Spear, Thomas. “Neo-Traditionalism and the Limits of Invention in British Colonial AfricaJournal of African History, 44 (2003): 327.
Spitzer, Leo. “The Sierra Leone Creoles, 1870–1900.” In Curtin, Philip D., ed., Africa and the West: Intellectual Responses to European Culture Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press, 1972.
Spitzer, Leo. The Creoles of Sierra Leone: Responses to Colonialism, 1870–1945. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1974.
Spitzer, Leo. Sierra Leone Creole Reactions to Westernization, 1870–1925. Unpublished PhD Dissertation, University of Wisconsin, 1969.
Thayer, James Steel. “A Dissenting View of Creole Culture in Sierra LeoneCahiers d’Etudes Africaines 121–122 31 1–2 (1991), p. 251.
Nagel, Tilman, The History of Islamic Theology: From Muhammad to the Present. Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers, 2000.
Ware III, Rudolph. The Walking Qur’an: Islamic Education, Embodied Knowledge and History in West Africa. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2014.
White, E. Frances. “The Big Market in Freetown: A Case Study of Women’s WorkplaceJournal of the Historical Society of Sierra Leone 4, 1&2 (December 1980), p. 22.
White, E. Frances. Sierra Leone’s Settler Women Traders: Women on the Afro-European Frontier (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1987).
Wyse, Akintola. H. C. Bankole-Bright and Politics in Colonial Sierra Leone, 1919–1958 Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
Wyse, Akintola. The Krio of Sierra Leone: An Interpretive History. Freetown: Hurst and International African Institute, 1989.
Wyse, Akintola. “The Krio of Sierra Leone: Perspectives and West African Historiography.” In McGrath, Simon et al., eds. Rethinking African History. Edinburgh: University of Edinburgh Press, 1997.
Wilmsen, Edward and McAlister, Patrick. The Politics of Difference: Ethnic Premises in a World of Power. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996.
Zachernuk, Philip S. Colonial Subjects: An African Intelligentsia and Atlantic Ideas. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2000.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Book summary page views

Total views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between #date#. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed