Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Encouraging Rebel Demobilization by Radio in Uganda and the D.R. Congo: The Case of “Come Home” Messaging

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 April 2016

Abstract:

For several years, local radio stations in Uganda have broadcast “come home” messages that encourage the rebel Lord’s Resistance Army to demobilize. Since the rebels began carrying out attacks in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Central African Republic, several international actors have introduced the same messages to these regions. This new effort has internationalized radio programming, benefited local radio stations, provided new forms of messaging, and functioned in collaboration with military actors. This article provides an overview of how “come home” messaging functions in different contexts, examines the effects of these actions, and calls for research into an important shift in military–humanitarian relations.

Résumé:

Depuis plusieurs années, les stations de radio locales en Ouganda ont diffusé des messages “Rentrez à la maison” qui encouragent les rebelles de l’Armée de Résistance du Seigneur à se démobiliser. Depuis que les rebelles ont commencé à mener des attaques dans la République Démocratique du Congo et la République Centrafricaine, plusieurs acteurs internationaux ont mis en place les mêmes messages dans ces régions. Ce nouvel effort a internationalisé la programmation radiophonique et a été bénéfique pour les stations de radio locales. Il a aussi fourni de nouvelles formes de communication et a fonctionné en collaboration avec les acteurs militaires. Cet article donne une vue d’ensemble sur la façon dont les messages “rentrez à la maison” fonctionnent dans des contextes différents. Il examine aussi les effets de ces actions, et appelle à plus de recherches universitaire sur un changement important dans les relations militaro-humanitaire.

Type
ARTICLES
Copyright
Copyright © African Studies Association 2016 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

References

Allen, Tim. 2007. “The International Criminal Court and the Invention of Traditional Justice.” Politique Africaine 107: 147–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Allen, Tim, and Vlassenroot, Koen, eds. 2010. The Lord’s Resistance Army: Myth and Reality. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
Allen, Tim, and Schomerus, Mareike. 2006. A Hard Homecoming: Lessons Learned from the Reception Center Process in Northern Uganda. Washington, D.C.: Management Systems International.Google Scholar
Bean, James. 2008. Preliminary Analysis: Reporter Profiling from the Amnesty Commission of Uganda. Geneva: International Organization for Migration.Google Scholar
Behrend, Heike. 1999. Alice Lakwena and the Holy Spirits: War in Northern Uganda, 1986–97. Oxford: James Currey.Google Scholar
Betz, Michelle. 2004. “Radio as Peacebuilder: A Case Study of Radio Okapi in the Democratic Republic of Congo.” The Great Lakes Research Journal 1: 3850.Google Scholar
Branch, Adam. 2005. “Neither Justice Nor Peace: Political Violence and the Peasantry in Northern Uganda, 1986–1998.” African Studies Quarterly 8 (2): 131.Google Scholar
Branch, Adam. 2011. Displacing Human Rights: War and Intervention in Northern Uganda. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Brisset-Foucault, Florence. 2011. “Peace-Making, Power Configurations and Media Practices in Northern Uganda: A Case Study of Mega FM.” Journal of African Media Studies 3 (2): 205–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Conciliation Resources. 2010. Choosing to Return: Challenges Faced by the Lord’s Resistance Army’s Middle-Ranking Commanders. London: Conciliation Resources.
Conciliation Resources and Quaker Peace & Social Witness. 2006. Coming Home: Understanding Why Commanders of the Lord’s Resistance Army Choose to Return to a Civilian Life. London: Conciliation Resources.
Dolan, Chris. 2009. Social Torture: The Case of Northern Uganda, 1986–2006. New York: Berghahn Books.Google Scholar
Doom, Ruddy, and Vlassenroot, Koen. 1999. “Kony’s Message: A New Koine? The Lord’s Resistance Army in Northern Uganda.” African Affairs 98 (390): 536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Finnegan, Amy C. 2010. “Forging Forgiveness: Collective Efforts Amidst War in Northern Uganda.” Sociological Inquiry 80 (3): 424–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Finnström, Sverker. 2008. Living with Bad Surroundings: War, History, and Everyday Moments in Northern Uganda. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Finnström, Sverker. 2010. “Reconciliation Grown Bitter? War, Retribution, and Ritual Action in Northern Uganda.” In Localizing Transitional Justice: Interventions and Priorities after Mass Violence, edited by Shaw, Rosalind, Waldorf, Lars, and Hazan, Pierre, 135–56. Stanford: Stanford University Press.Google Scholar
Finnström, Sverker. 2012. “KONY 2012, Military Humanitarianism, and the Magic of Occult Economies.” Africa Spectrum 47 (2/3): 127–35.Google Scholar
Gonzales, Saul. 2013. “The Producers of Kony 2012 Say They’ve Learned Their Lesson, But Critics Aren’t So Sure.” Public Radio International, April 16. http://www.pri.org.
Hoffman, Danny. 2011. “The Subcontractor: Counterinsurgency, Militias, and the New Common Ground in Social and Military Science.” In Dangerous Liaisons: Anthropologists and the National Security State, edited by McNamara, Laura A. and Rubinstein, Robert A., 324. Santa Fe, N.M.: School for Advanced Research Press.Google Scholar
Ibrahim, Maggie. 2009. “Rebel Voices and Radio Actors: In Pursuit of Dialogue and Debate in Northern Uganda.” Development in Practice 19 (4/5): 610–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ingelaere, Bert, Havugimana, Jean-Bosco, and Ndushabandi, Sylvestre. 2009. “Musekeweya” in Congo: Radio Listening Habits of Ex-FDLR Combatants in Eastern DRC. Kigali: La Benevolencija Rwanda.Google Scholar
Invisible Children (Blog). 2013. “Breaking News: Largest LRA Defection Since 2008.” December 10. http://invisiblechildren.com.
Invisible Children and The Resolve LRA Crisis Initiative. 2013. LRA Crisis Tracker Mid-Year Security Brief: January–June 2013. San Diego & Washington, D.C.: Invisible Children and The Resolve LRA Crisis Initiative.
Keenan, Jeremy. 2008. “US Militarization in Africa: What Anthropologists Should Know about AFRICOM.” Anthropology Today 24 (5): 1620.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kellow, Christine I., and Leslie Steeves, H.. 1998. “The Role of Radio in the Rwandan Genocide.” Journal of Communication 48 (3): 107–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Lancaster, Phil, and Cakaj, Ledio. 2013. Loosening Kony’s Grip: Effective Defection Strategies for Today’s LRA. Washington, D.C.: The Resolve LRA Crisis Initiative.Google Scholar
Li, Darryl. 2004. “Echoes of Violence: Considerations on Radio and Genocide in Rwanda.” Journal of Genocide Research 6 (1): 927.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
McClain, Lindsay M. 2012. “Artistic Suggestions for Peaceful Transition in Northern Uganda: What Youth Are Saying.” African Conflict and Peacebuilding Review 2 (1): 152–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mwenda, Andrew. 2010. “Uganda’s Politics of Foreign Aid and Violent Conflict: The Political Uses of the LRA Rebellion.” In The Lord’s Resistance Army: Myth and Reality, edited by Allen, Tim and Vlassenroot, Koen, 4558. London: Zed Books.Google Scholar
Pain, Dennis. 1997. “The Bending of Spears:” Producing Consensus for Peace and Development in Northern Uganda. London: International Alert.Google Scholar
Paluck, Elizabeth Levy. 2009. “Reducing Intergroup Prejudice and Conflict Using the Media: A Field Experiment in Rwanda.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 96 (3): 574–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Peters, Brady. 2012. “IC-Supported FM Station Opens in DRC.” Invisible Children (Blog), June 28. http://invisiblechildren.com.
Radio Wa 89.8 FM. n.d. “LRA Attacks the Radio.” www.radiowa.org.
Ronan, Paul. 2013. LRA Crisis Tracker Annual Security Brief: January–December 2013. San Diego & Washington, D.C.: Invisible Children and The Resolve LRA Crisis Initiative.Google Scholar
Ross, Scott. 2013. “Kony 2013.” Guernica. March 4. https://www.guernicamag.com.Google Scholar
Schomerus, Mareike. “‘Make Him Famous’: The Single Conflict Narrative of Kony and Kony2012.” In Advocacy in Conflict: Critical Perspectives on Transnational Activism, edited by de Wall, Alex, 142–63. London: Zed Books.
Staub, Ervin, et al. 2008. “Public Education through Radio to Prevent Violence, Promote Trauma Healing and Reconciliation, and Build Peace in Rwanda and the Congo.” http://people.umass.edu/estaub/radio article.
Straus, Scott. 2007. “What Is the Relationship Between Hate Radio and Violence? Rethinking Rwanda’s ‘Radio Machete.’” Politics and Society 35 (4): 609–37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Uganda Radio Network. 2013. “Anti-LRA Radio Program Revived in Northern Uganda.” http://ugandaradionetwork.com.
The Voice Project. n.d. “Message from Kilama Christopher—Uncle to Odong Patrick, an Abductee (#27).” Radio Resources: Volume 3. http://voiceproject.org.
The Voice Project. 2012. “Michael Oryem Come Home Message to Binany, Ladera, and Odano (#26).” Radio Resources: Volume 1 & 2. http://voiceproject.org.
The Voice Project. 2013. Amplify Peace 2013: Musicians United—Translation Report, Broadcast Content. New York: The Voice Project.

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 14
Total number of PDF views: 121 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 21st January 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Hostname: page-component-76cb886bbf-kdwz2 Total loading time: 0.613 Render date: 2021-01-21T05:16:00.242Z Query parameters: { "hasAccess": "0", "openAccess": "0", "isLogged": "0", "lang": "en" } Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false }

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Encouraging Rebel Demobilization by Radio in Uganda and the D.R. Congo: The Case of “Come Home” Messaging
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Encouraging Rebel Demobilization by Radio in Uganda and the D.R. Congo: The Case of “Come Home” Messaging
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Encouraging Rebel Demobilization by Radio in Uganda and the D.R. Congo: The Case of “Come Home” Messaging
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *