Anders, Gerhard. 2010. In the Shadow of Good Governance: An Ethnography of Civil Service Reform in Africa. Leiden: Brill.
Bartlett, Lesley, and Vavrus, Frances. 2017. Rethinking Case Study Research: A Comparative Approach. New York: Routledge.
Bierschenk, Thomas, Jean-Pierre Chauveau, , and Jean-Pierre Olivier de Sardan, . 2002. “Local Development Brokers in Africa: The Rise of a New Social Category.” Arbeitspapiere/Working Papers Number 13, Department of Anthropology and African Studies, Institute fur Ethnologie und Afrikastudien.
Biruk, Crystal. 2018. Cooking Data: Culture and Politics in an African Research World. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press.
Blundo, Giorgio, and Le Meur, Pierre-Yves, eds. 2009. The Governance of Daily Life in Africa: Ethnographic Explorations of Public and Collective Services. Leiden: Brill.
Boyd, Lydia. 2015. Preaching Prevention: Born-Again Christianity and the Moral Politics of AIDS in Uganda. Athens: University of Ohio Press.
Bratton, Michael. 1989. “The Politics of Government-NGO Relations in Africa.” World Development 17 (4): 569–87.
Cammack, Diana. 2012. “Malawi in Crisis, 2011–12.” Review of African Political Economy 39 (132): 375–88.
Carnoy, Martin. 1995. Structural Adjustment and the Changing Face of Education. International Labour Review 134 (6): 653–73.
Chafulumira, Wanangwa. 2016. “Donors not Head Teachers—Woeste.” Lilongwe, Malawi: Malawi Daily Times, June 2.
Cooper, Frederick. 1994. “Conflict and Connection: Rethinking Colonial African History.”American Historical Review 99: 1516–45.
Derrick, Jonathan. 1983. “The ‘Native Clerk’ in Colonial West Africa.” African Affairs 82: 61–74.
Dupuy, Kendra, Ron, James, and Prakash, Aseem. 2016. “Hands off my Regime! Governments’ Restrictions on Foreign Aid to Non-Governmental Organizations in Poor and Middle- Income Countries.” World Development 84: 299–311.
Eckert, Andreas. 2006. “Cultural Commuters: African Employees in Late Colonial Tanzania.” In Intermediaries, Interpreters, and Clerks: African Employees in the Making of Colonial Africa , edited by Lawrance, Benjamin N., Osborn, Emily L., and Roberts, Richard L., 248–72. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Escobar, Arturo. 1994. Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third World. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Esser, Daniel. 2014. “Elusive Accountabilities in the HIV Scale-up: ‘Ownership’ as a Functional Tautology.” Global Public Health: An International Journal for Research, Policy, and Practice 9: 1–2; 43–56.
Fechter, Anne-Meike, and Hindman, Heather, eds. 2011. Inside the Everyday Lives of Development Workers: The Challenges and Future of Aidland. Boulder, Colorado: Kumarian Press.
Ferguson, James. 2006. Global Shadows: Africa in the Neoliberal World Order. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press.
Ferguson, James, and Gupta, Akhil. 2002. “Spatializing States: Toward an Ethnography of Neoliberal Governmentality.” American Ethnologist 29 (4): 981–1002.
Government of Malawi (GoM). 2016. Malawi Demographic and Health Survey 2015–2016 Key Indicators Report. Zomba, Malawi: National Statistics Office.
Hunt, Nancy Rose. 1999. A Colonial Lexicon of Birth Ritual, Medicalization, and Mobility in the Congo. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press.
Hyden, Goran. 2008. “After the Paris Declaration: Taking on the Issue of Power.” Development Policy Review 26 (3): 259–74.
Johnson-Hanks, Jennifer. 2006. Uncertain Honor: Modern Motherhood in an African Crisis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Kadzakumanja, Paida. 2016. “Malawi Faces EU Aid Test.” Lilongwe, Malawi: The Nation.
Kadzamira, Esme, and Rose, Pauline. 2001. “Educational Policy Choice and Policy Practice in Malawi: Dilemmas and Disjunctures.” Working Paper Number 124, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex.
Kendall, Nancy. 2007. “Education for All Meets Political Democratization: Free Primary Education and the Neoliberalization of the Malawian School and State.” Comparative Education Review 51 (3): 281–305.
Kendall, Nancy, and Silver, Rachel. 2017. “Mapping International Development Relations Through Meeting Ethnography.” In Meeting Ethnography: Meetings as Key Technologies of Contemporary Governance, Development, and Resistance , edited by Sandler, Jen and Thedvall, Renita, 24–45. New York: Routledge.
Klein, Martin. 2006. “African Participation in Colonial Rule: The Role of Clerks, Interpreters, and Other Intermediaries.” In Intermediaries, Interpreters, and Clerks: African Employees in the Making of Colonial Africa , edited by Lawrance, Benjamin N., Osborn, Emily L., and Roberts, Richard L., 273–88. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Lawrance, Benjamin N., Osborn, Emily L., and Roberts, Richard L.. 2006. “Introduction: African Intermediaries and the ‘Bargain’ of Collaboration.” In Intermediaries, Interpreters, and Clerks: African Employees in the Making of Colonial Africa , edited by Lawrance, Benjamin N., Osborn, Emily L., and Roberts, Richard L., 3–36. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Levine, Ruth, Lloyd, Cynthia B., Margaret Greene, and Caren Grown. 2008. Girls Count: A Global Investment and Action Agenda. Washington DC: Center for Global Development.
Lewis, David, and Mosse, David, eds. 2006. Development Brokers and Translators. Bloomfield, Conn.: Kumarian Press.
Liwewe, Olivia. 2012. Re-entry Policy: The Case of Malawi. Report, Forum for African Women Educationalists Malawi.
Mercer, Claire. 2002. “NGOs, Civil Society, and Democratization: A Critical Review of the Literature.” Progress in Development Studies 2 (1): 5–22.
Mkandawire, Lucky. 2016. “Govt Cries for Mercy: Pleads for Delayed Refund of Abused K400m.” Lilongwe, Malawi: The Nation, September 22.
Mkandawire, Thandika. 2010. “Aid, Accountability, and Democracy in Africa.” Social Research 77 (4)1149–182.
Moeller, Kathryn. 2018. The Gender Effect: Capitalism, Feminism, and the Corporate Politics of Development. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Parikh, Shanti. 2015. Regulating Romance: Youth Love Letters, Moral Anxiety, and Intervention in Uganda’s Time of AIDS. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press.
Peterson, Derek. 2004. Creating Writing: Translation, Bookkeeping, and the Work of Imagination in Colonial Kenya. Portsmouth, New Hampshire: Heinemann.
Ponje, Alick. 2016. “Envoy Urges Self Reliance.” Lilongwe, Malawi: Malawi Daily Times, December 6.
Reimers, Fernando. 1994. “Education and Structural Adjustment in Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa.” International Journal of Educational Development 14: 119–29.
Resnick, Danielle. 2013. “Two Steps Forward, One Step Back: The Limits of Foreign Aid on Malawi’s Democratic Consolidation.” In Democratic Trajectories in Africa: Unraveling the Impact of Foreign Aid, edited by Resnick, Danielle and van de Walle, Nicolas, 110–38. New York: Oxford University Press.
Samati, Madalo. 2013. “At the Interface of Policy and Cultural Change: Engaging Communities in Support of Girls’ Education in Malawi.” In Improving Learning Opportunities and Outcomes for Girls in Africa, edited by Ackerman, Xanthe and Abay, Negar Ashtari, 69–100. Washington, DC: Brookings Institute.
Samoff, Joel. 1999. “Education Sector Analysis in Africa: Limited National Control and Even Less National Ownership.” International Journal of Educational Development 19 (4): 249–72.
Sandler, Jen, and Thedvall, Renita, eds. 2017. Meeting Ethnography: Interrogating Meetings as Key Technologies of Contemporary Governance, Development, and Resistance. New York: Routledge.
Scott, James. 1987. Weapons of the Weak: Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press.
Shore, Cris, Wright, Susan, and Però, Davide, eds. 2011. Policy Worlds: Anthropology and the Analysis of Contemporary Power. New York: Berghahn Books.
Stambach, Amy. 2000. Lessons from Mount Kilimanjaro: Schooling, Community, and Gender in East Africa. New York: Routledge.
Stambach, Amy. 2010. Faith in Schools: Religion, Education, and American Evangelicals in East Africa. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Sutton, Margaret, and Levinson, Bradley A. U., eds. 2001. Policy as Practice: Toward a Comparative Sociocultural Analysis of Educational Policy. Stamford, Conn.: Ablex Publishing.
Swidler, Ann, and Watkins, Susan C.. 2017. A Fraught Embrace: The Romance and Reality of AIDS Altruism in Africa. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Thomas, Lynn M. 2003. Politics of the Womb: Women, Reproduction, and the State in Kenya. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Thomas, Lynn M.. 2007. “Gendered Reproduction: Placing Schoolgirl Pregnancies in African History.” In Africa After Gender? edited by Cole, Catherine M., Manuh, Takyiwaa, and Miescher, Stephan F., 48–62. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Unsworth, Sue. 2009. “What’s Politics Got to Do with It? Why Donors Find It So Hard to Come to Terms with Politics, and Why This Matters.” Journal of International Development 21: 883–94.
Vavrus, Frances. 2003. Desire and Decline: Schooling Amid Crisis in Tanzania. New York: Peter Lang.
Wroe, Daniel. 2012. “Donors, Dependency, and Political Crisis in Malawi.” African Affairs 111 (442): 135–44.