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Vying for a Man Seat: Gender Quotas and Sustainable Representation in Africa

  • Amanda B. Edgell
Abstract:

This article explores the impact of gender quotas on sustainable representation in Africa. Sustainable representation is broadly defined as viable and substantial political representation secured for the long run. The research draws on evidence from cross-national election data and two case studies, Uganda and Kenya, which demonstrate that women rarely exceed the minimum thresholds set by gender quotas. This suggests that these quotas may have a ceiling effect on women’s representation. For gender quotas to generate long-term representational outcomes, they must be designed to account for other characteristics of the electoral context that affect women’s participation outside the quota mandate.

Cet article explore l’impact des quotas sur la représentation durable des femmes en Afrique. La représentation durable est généralement définie comme une représentation politique viable et substantielle garantie à long terme. La recherche s’appuie sur des données d’élections transnationales et sur deux études de cas, l’Ouganda et le Kenya, qui démontrent que les femmes dépassent rarement les seuils minimaux fixés par les quotas de femmes. Cela suggère que ces quotas peuvent avoir un effet de plafond sur la représentation des femmes. Pour que les quotas de femmes produisent des résultats représentatifs à long terme, ils doivent être conçus pour tenir compte d’autres caractéristiques du contexte électoral qui affectent la participation des femmes en dehors du mandat de quota.

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African Studies Review
  • ISSN: 0002-0206
  • EISSN: 1555-2462
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