Albertini, M. and Kohli, M. 2009. Is the generational link broken? Childless older people's giving. Ageing & Society, 29, 8, 1169–82.
Albertini, M., Kohli, M. and Vogel, C. 2007. Intergenerational transfers of time and money in European families: common patterns – different regimes? Journal of European Social Policy, 17, 4, 319–34.
Arrondel, L. and Masson, A. 2001. Family transfers involving three generations. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 103, 3, 415–43.
Attias-Donfut, C. 1995. Les solidarités entre générations. Vieillesse, amilles, état [Solidarity Between Generations: Ageing, Families and the State]. Nathan, Paris.
Attias-Donfut, C., Ogg, J. and Wolff, F.-C. 2005. European patterns of intergenerational financial and time transfers. European Journal of Ageing, 2, 3, 161–73.
Attias-Donfut, C. and Wolff, F.-C. 2000. Complementarity between private and public transfers. In Arber, S. and Attias-Donfut, C. (eds), The Myth of Generational Conflict: The Family and State in Ageing Societies. Routledge, London, 47–68.
Bengtson, V. L., Giarrusso, R., Mabry, J. B. and Silverstein, M. 2002. Solidarity, conflict, and ambivalence: complementary or competing perspectives on intergenerational relationships? Journal of Marriage and Family, 64, 3, 568–76.
Bengtson, V. L. and Roberts, R. E. L. 1991. Intergenerational solidarity in aging families: an example of formal theory construction. Journal of Marriage and Family, 53, 4, 856–70.
Björnberg, U. and Latta, M. 2007. The roles of the family and the welfare state: the relationship between public and private financial support in Sweden. Current Sociology, 55, 3, 415–45.
Bonsang, E. 2007. How do middle-aged children allocate time and money transfers to their older parents in Europe? Empirica, 34, 2, 171–88.
Brandt, M. 2009. Hilfe zwischen Generationen. Ein europäischer Vergleich [Help Between Generations. A European Comparison]. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden, Germany.
Brandt, M., Deindl, C., Haberkern, K. and Szydlik, M. 2008. Reziprozität zwischen erwachsenen Generationen: Familiale Transfers im Lebenslauf [Reciprocity between adult generations: family transfers over the life course]. Zeitschrift für Gerontologie und Geriatrie, 41, 5, 374–81.
Brandt, M., Haberkern, K. and Szydlik, M. 2009. Intergenerational help and care in Europe. European Sociological Review, 25, 5, 585–601.
Brandt, M. and Szydlik, M. 2008. Soziale Dienste und Hilfe zwischen Generationen in Europa [Social services and help between generations in Europe]. Zeitschrift für Soziologie, 37, 4, 301–20.
Cox, D. and Jakubson, G. 1995. The connection between public transfers and private interfamily transfers. Journal of Public Economics, 57, 1, 129–67.
Daatland, S. O. and Herlofson, K. 2003. Families and welfare states: substitution or complementarity. In Lowenstein, A. and Ogg, J. (eds), OASIS: Old Age and Autonomy. The Role of Service Systems and Intergenerational Family Solidarity. The Final Report. University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel, 281–305.
Deindl, C. 2011. Finanzielle Transfers zwischen Generationen in Europa [Financial Transfers Between Generations in Europe]. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, Wiesbaden, Germany.
Finch, J. 1996. Inheritance and financial transfers in families. In Walker, A. (ed.), The New Generational Contract. Intergenerational Relations, Old Age and Welfare. UCL Press, London, 120–34.
Fritzell, J. and Lennartsson, C. 2005. Financial transfers between generations in Sweden. Ageing & Society, 25, 3, 397–414.
Haberkern, K. and Szydlik, M. 2010. State care provision, societal opinion and children's care of older parents in 11 European countries. Ageing & Society, 30, 2, 299–323.
Hank, K. 2007. Proximity and contacts between elderly parents and their adult children: a European comparison. Journal of Marriage and Family, 69, 1, 157–73.
Hank, K. and Buber, I. 2009. Grandparents caring for their grandchildren: findings from the 2004 Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe. Journal of Family Issues, 30, 1, 53–73.
Hashimoto, A., Kendig, H. L. and Coppard, L. C. 1992. Family support to the elders in international perspective. In Kendig, H. L., Hashimoto, A. and Coppard, L. C. (eds), Family Support for the Elders: The International Experience. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 293–308.
Höpflinger, F. and Hugentobler, V. 2003. Pflegebedürftigkeit in der Schweiz. Prognosen und Szenarien für das 21. Jahrhundert [Care in Switzerland. Outlook and Scenarios for the 21st Century]. Hans Huber, Bern, Switzerland.
Hox, J. J. 2002. Multilevel Analysis Techniques and Applications. Lawrence Erlbaum, Mahwah, New Jersey.
Igel, C., Brandt, M., Haberkern, K. and Szydlik, M. 2009. Specialization between family and state: intergenerational time transfers in Western Europe. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 40, 2, 203–27.
Kalmijn, M. and Saraceno, C. 2008. A comparative perspective on intergenerational support: responsiveness to parental needs in individualistic and familialistic countries. European Societies, 10, 3, 479–508.
Kohli, M. 1999. Private and public transfers between generations: linking the family and the state. European Societies, 1, 1, 81–104.
Künemund, H. and Rein, M. 1999. There is more to receiving than needing: theoretical arguments and empirical explorations of crowding in and crowding out. Ageing & Society, 19, 1, 93–121.
Lingsom, S. 1997. The Substitution Issue: Care Policies and Their Consequences for Family Care. Norwegian Social Research, Oslo.
Litwak, E., Silverstein, M., Bengtson, V. L. and Wilson Hirst, Y. 2003. Theories about families, organizations and social supports. In Bengtson, V. L. and Lowenstein, A. (eds), Global Aging and Challenges to Families. Aldine de Gruyter, New York, 27–53.
Motel-Klingebiel, A. and Tesch-Römer, C. 2006. Familie im Wohlfahrtsstaat – Zwischen Verdrängung und gemischter Verantwortung [Families in modern welfare states: between crowding out and mixed responsibility]. Zeitschrift für Familienforschung, 18, 3, 290–314.
Motel-Klingebiel, A., Tesch-Römer, C. and von Kondratowitz, H.-J. 2005. Welfare states do not crowd out the family: evidence for mixed responsibility from comparative analyses. Ageing & Society, 25, 6, 863–82.
Ogg, J. and Renaut, S. 2006. The support of parents in old age by those born during 1945–1954: a European perspective. Ageing & Society, 26, 5, 723–43.
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) 2007 a. OECD Social Expenditure Data Base (SOCX). OECD, Paris. Available online at stats.oecd.org/wbos/default.aspx?datasetcode=SOCX_AGG [Accessed 11 May 2007].
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) 2007 b. Annual Labour Force Statistics. OECD, Paris. Available online at oecd.org/document/48/0,3343,en_ 21571361_ 33915056_39095792_1_1_1_1,00.html#EmpDB [Accessed 7 November 2007].
Poirine, B. 2006. Remittances sent by a growing altruistic diaspora: how do they grow over time? Asia Pacific Viewpoint, 47, 1, 93–108.
Rabe-Hesketh, S. and Skrondal, A. 2008. Multilevel and Longitudinal Modeling Using Stata. Stata, College Station, Texas.
Reher, D. S. 1998. Family ties in Western Europe: persistent contrasts. Population and Development Review, 24, 2, 203–34.
Reil-Held, A. 2006. Crowding out or crowding in? Public and private transfers in Germany. European Journal of Population, 22, 3, 263–80.
Saraceno, C. (ed.)2008. Families, Ageing and Social Policy. Generational Solidarity in European Welfare States. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK.
Sloan, F. A., Zhang, H. H. and Wang, J. 2002. Upstream intergenerational transfers. Southern Economic Journal, 69, 2, 363–80.
Snijders, T. A. B. and Bosker, R. J. 2004. Multilevel Analysis. An Introduction to Basic and Advanced Multilevel Modeling. Sage, London.
Szydlik, M. 2004. Inheritance and inequality: theoretical reasoning and empirical evidence. European Sociological Review, 20, 1, 31–45.
Szydlik, M. 2008. Intergenerational solidarity and conflict. Journal of Comparative Family Studies, 39, 1, 97–114.
Therborn, G. 2000. Die Gesellschaften Europas 1945–2000. Ein soziologischer Vergleich [The Societies of Europe 1945–2000: A Sociological Comparison]. Campus, Frankfurt. (Updated and revised edition of Therborn, G. 1995. European Modernity and Beyond: The Trajectory of European Societies 1945–2000. Sage, London.)
van Gaalen, R. I. and Dykstra, P. A. 2006. Solidarity and conflict between adult children and parents: a latent class analysis. Journal of Marriage and Family, 68, 4, 947–60.
Walker, A. J., Pratt, C. C. and Eddy, L. 1995. Informal caregiving to aging family members: a critical review. Family Relations, 44, 4, 402–11.
Wolff, F.-C. and Dimova, R. 2006. How do migrants care for their elderly parents? Time, money and location. Schweizerische Zeitschrift für Volkswirtschaft und Statistik, Sondernummer, 123–30.