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Social Isolation and Loneliness in Old Age: Review and Model Refinement

  • G. Clare Wenger (a1), Richard Davies (a2), Said Shahtahmasebi (a3) and Anne Scott (a1)

This paper reviews the empirical literature on social isolation and loneliness and identifies a wide range of published correlates. Using data from a study conducted in North Wales, which included many of the same correlated variables, a statistical modelling technique is used to refine models of isolation and loneliness by controlling for co-variance. The resulting models indicate that the critical factors for isolation are: marital status, network type and social class; and, for loneliness: network type, household composition and health.

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