Agresti, A. 2002. Categorical Data Analysis. Wiley, New York.
Artazcoz, L. and Rueda, S. 2007. Social inequalities in health among the elderly: a challenge for public health research. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 61, 6, 466–7.
Banks, J., Breeze, E., Lessof, C. and Nazroo, J. 2006. Retirement, Health and Relationships of the Older Population in England: The 2004 English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (Wave 2). Institute of Fiscal Studies, London.
Banks, J., Emmerson, C. and Tetlow, G. 2005. Estimating Pension Wealth of ELSA Respondents. Institute of Fiscal Studies, London.
Barker, D. J. 1995. Fetal origins of coronary heart disease. British Medical Journal, 311, 6998, 171–4.
Berkman, C. S. and Gurland, B. J. 1998. The relationship among income, other socioeconomic indicators, and functional level in older persons. Journal of Aging and Health, 10, 1, 81–98.
Bhattacharya, J., Choudhry, K. and Lakdawalla, D. 2008. Chronic disease and severe disability among working-age populations. Medical Care, 46, 1, 92–100.
Blane, D. 2003. Explanations of the difference in mortality risk between different educational groups. International Journal of Epidemiology, 32, 3, 355–6.
Blane, D., Netuveli, G. and Montgomery, S. M. 2008. Quality of life, health and physiological status and change at older ages. Social Science and Medicine, 66, 7, 1579–87.
Börsch-Supan, A., Brugiavini, A., Jürges, H., Mackenbach, J. P., Siegrist, J. and Weber, G. (eds) 2005. Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe: First Results from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe. Research Institute for the Economics of Ageing, Mannheim, Germany.
Börsch-Supan, A. and Jürges, H. 2005. The Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe: Methodology. Research Institute for the Economics of Ageing, Mannheim, Germany.
Breeze, E., Fletcher, A. E., Leon, D. A., Marmot, M. G., Clarke, R. J. and Shipley, M. J. 2001. Do socioeconomic disadvantages persist into old age? Self-reported morbidity in a 29-year follow-up of the Whitehall Study. American Journal of Public Health, 9, 2, 277–83.
Coppin, A. K., Ferrucci, L., Lauretani, F., Phillips, C., Chang, M., Bandinelli, S. and Guralnik, J. M. 2006. Low socioeconomic status and disability in old age: evidence from the Inchianti study for the mediating role of physiological impairments. Journals of Gerontology: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 61, 1, 86–91.
Costa-Font, J. 2008. Housing assets and the socio-economic determinants of health and disability in old age. Health and Place, 14, 3, 478–91.
Dahl, E. and Birkelund, G. E. 1997. Health inequalities in later life in a social democratic welfare state. Social Science and Medicine, 44, 6, 871–81.
Department of Health 2008. Tackling Health Inequalities: 2007 Status Report on the Programme for Action. Department of Health, London.
Ebrahim, S., Papacosta, O., Wannamethee, G. and Adamson, J. 2004. Social inequalities and disability in older men: prospective findings from the British regional heart study. Social Science and Medicine, 59, 10, 2109–20.
Eikemo, T. A., Huisman, M., Bambra, C. and Kunst, A. E. 2008. Health inequalities according to educational level in different welfare regimes: a comparison of 23 European countries. Sociology of Health and Illness, 30, 4, 565–82.
Elias, P. and Birch, M. 1994. Establishment of Community-wide Occupational Statistics: A Guide for Users. Report ISCO 88 (COM). Institute for Employment Research, University of Warwick, Coventry, UK.
Espelt, A., Borrell, C., Rodriguez-Sanz, M., Muntaner, C., Pasarin, M. I., Benach, J., Schaap, M., Kunst, A. E. and Navarro, V. 2008. Inequalities in health by social class dimensions in European countries of different political traditions. International Journal of Epidemiology, 37, 5, 1095–105.
Fonda, S. and Herzog, A. 2004. Documentation of Physical Functioning Measured in the Health and Retirement Study and the Asset and Health Dynamics Among the Oldest Old Study. HRS/AHEAD Documentation Report. Institute of Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Available online at http://hrsonline.isr.umich.edu/docs/sho_refs.php?hfyle=index&xtyp=3 [Accessed 13 February 2009].
Freedman, V. A., Martin, L. G., Schoeni, R. F. and Cornman, J. C. 2008. Declines in late-life disability: the role of early- and mid-life factors. Social Science and Medicine, 66, 7, 1588–602.
Grundy, E. and Holt, G. 2001. The socioeconomic status of older adults: how should we measure it in studies of health inequalities? Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 55, 12, 895–904.
Huisman, M., Kunst, A. E. and Mackenbach, J. P. 2003. Socioeconomic inequalities in morbidity among the elderly: a European overview. Social Science and Medicine, 57, 5, 861–73.
Hyde, M. and Jones, I. R. 2007. The long shadow of work: does time since labour market exit affect the association between socioeconomic position and health in a post-working population? Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 61, 6, 533–9.
Jagger, C., Matthews, R., Melzer, D., Matthews, F., Brayne, C. and MRC, CFAS. 2007. Educational differences in the dynamics of disability incidence, recovery and mortality: findings from the MRC Cognitive Function and Ageing Study (MRC CFAS). International Journal of Epidemiology, 36, 2, 358–65.
Jurges, H. 2007. Health Inequalities by Education, Income and Wealth: A Comparison of 11 European Countries and the US. Research Institute for the Economics of Aging, University of Mannheim, Germany.
Katz, S., Ford, A. B., Moskowitz, R. W., Jackson, B. A. and Jaffe, M. W. 1963. Studies of illness in the aged. The index of ADL: a standardised measure of biological and psychological function. Journal of the American Medical Association, 185, 914–9.
Keister, L. A. and Moller, S. 2000. Wealth inequalities in the United States. Annual Review of Sociology, 26, 1, 63–81.
Lamarca, R., Ferrer, M.Andersen, P. K., Liestol, K., Keiding, N. and Alonso, J. 2003. A changing relationship between disability and survival in the elderly population: differences by age. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 56, 12, 1192–201.
Launer, L. J., Harris, T., Rumpel, C. and Madans, J. 1994. Body mass index, weight change and risk of mobility disability in middle-aged and older women: the epidemiologic follow-up study of NHANES I. Journal of the American Medical Association, 271, 14, 1093–8.
Lawton, M. P. and Brody, E. M. 1969. Assessment of older people: self-maintaining and instrumental activities of daily living. The Gerontologist, 9, 3, 179–86.
Mackenbach, J. P. and Bakker, M. J. 2003. Tackling socioeconomic inequalities in health: analysis of European experiences. The Lancet, 362, 9393, 1409–14.
Mackenbach, J. P. and Kunst, A. E. 1997. Measuring the magnitude of socio-economic inequalities in health: an overview of available measures illustrated with two examples from Europe. Social Science and Medicine, 44, 6, 757–71.
Mackenbach, J. P., Kunst, A. E., Cavelaars, A. E., Groenhof, F. and Geurts, J. J. 1997. Socioeconomic inequalities in morbidity and mortality in western Europe. The Lancet, 349, 9066, 1655–9.
Minkler, M., Fuller-Thomson, E. and Guralnik, J. M. 2006. Gradient of disability across the socioeconomic spectrum in the United States. New England Journal of Medicine, 355, 7, 695–703.
National Statistical Service of Greece 2002. National Survey of Persons with Health or Disability Problems. National Statistical Service of Greece, Athens.
Office of National Statistics 2005. The National Statistics Socio-economic Classification User Manual. Office of National Statistics, London.
Ogg, J. and Renault, S. 2006. The support of parents in old age by those born during 1945–1954: a European perspective. Ageing & Society, 26, 5, 723–43.
Olsen, K. M. and Dahl, S. 2007. Health differences between European countries. Social Science and Medicine, 64, 8, 1665–78.
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) 2006. OECD Health Data 2006: How Does Greece Compare? OECD, Paris.
Scott, W. K., Macera, C. A., Cornman, C. B. and Sharpe, P. A. 1997. Functional health status as a predictor of mortality in men and women over 65. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 50, 3, 291–6.
StataCorp. 2005. Stata Manual: Release 9. Stata Press, College Station, Texas.
Tsimbos, C. and Verropoulou, G. 2008. A multivariate analysis of factors associated with physical functioning limitations in the Greek elderly population. Journal of Statistics and Management Systems, 11, 6, 1161–80.
United Nations Development Programme 2006. Human Development Report 2006. Beyond Scarcity: Power, Poverty and Global Water Crisis. Palgrave Macmillan, New York.
United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) 2006. International Standard Classification of Education 1997. Re-edition, UIS/TD/06-01, UNESCO, Paris, 2006.
von dem Knesebeck, O., Verde, P. E. and Dragano, N. 2006. Education and health in 22 European countries. Social Science and Medicine, 63, 5, 1344–51.
Wilkie, R., Peat, G., Thomas, E. and Croft, P. 2007. Factors associated with participation restriction in community-dwelling adults aged 50 years and over. Quality of Life Research, 16, 7, 1147–56.
Winkleby, M. A., Jatulis, D. E., Frank, E. and Fortmann, S. P. 1992. Socioeconomic status and health: how education, income and occupation contribute to risk factors for cardiovascular disease. American Journal of Public Health, 82, 6, 816–20.
World Health Organization 2001. International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. World Health Organization, Geneva.
Zimmer, Z. and House, J. S. 2003. Education, income and functional limitation transitions among American adults: contrasting onset and progression. International Journal of Epidemiology, 32, 6, 1089–97.