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The Digital Revolution to Come: Photogrammetry in Archaeological Practice

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  13 August 2020

Matthew Magnani*
Department of Anthropology, Harvard University, 11 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA02138, USA
Matthew Douglass
College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, and Agricultural Research Division, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE68583, USA
Whittaker Schroder
Department of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, Penn Museum, 3260 South Street, Philadelphia, PA19104, USA
Jonathan Reeves
Center for the Advanced Study of Human Paleobiology, George Washington University, 800 22nd St NW, Washington, DC20052, USA
David R. Braun
Center for the Advanced Study of Human Paleobiology, George Washington University; and Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103Leipzig, Germany
(, corresponding author)


The three-dimensional (3D) revolution promised to transform archaeological practice. Of the technologies that contribute to the proliferation of 3D data, photogrammetry facilitates the rapid and inexpensive digitization of complex subjects in both field and lab settings. It finds additional use as a tool for public outreach, where it engages audiences ranging from source communities to artifact collectors. But what has photogrammetry's function been in advancing archaeological analysis? Drawing on our previous work, we review recent applications to understand the role of photogrammetry for contemporary archaeologists. Although photogrammetry is widely used as a visual aid, its analytical potential remains underdeveloped. Considering various scales of inquiry—graduating from objects to landscapes—we address how the technology fits within and expands existing documentation and data visualization routines, while evaluating the opportunity it presents for addressing archaeological questions and problems in innovative ways. We advance an agenda advocating that archaeologists move from proof-of-concept papers toward greater integration of photogrammetry with research.

La revolución tridimensional (3D) prometió transformar la práctica arqueológica. De las tecnologías que han contribuido a la proliferación de datos en 3D, la fotogrametría facilita la digitalización rápida y económica de sujetos complejos tanto en el laboratorio como en el campo. Además, hay utilidad en aplicar la fotogrametría como una técnica de alcance comunitario, donde involucra a audiencias diversas desde comunidades de origen hasta coleccionistas de artefactos. Pero ¿para qué ha servido la fotogrametría en avanzar el análisis arqueológico? Aprovechando estudios anteriores publicados por los autores, revisamos aplicaciones recientes para entender el papel de la fotogrametría para arqueólogos contemporáneos. Aunque ampliamente empleado como ayuda visual, su potencial analítico permanece poco desarollado. Considerando varias escalas de investigación—pasando desde objetos hasta paisajes—examinamos cómo la tecnología encaja dentro y expande métodos existentes de documentación y visualización de datos, mientras evaluamos la oportunidad que presenta en abordar preguntas y problemas arqueológicos en formas innovadoras. Avanzamos una agenda que apoya a que arqueólogos avancen de trabajos de prueba de concepto a una mayor integración con la investigación.

Copyright © 2020 by the Society for American Archaeology

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