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An Interpretation of the Cave underneath the Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacan, Mexico


The cave recently discovered underneath the Pyramid of the Sun in Teotihuacan, Mexico, is analyzed both according to historical written sources and reports of cults to cave deities, prominent in Mexico for millennia. Different cave rites are discussed in an effort to determine the function of the grotto. The Teotihuacan cave is compared with the mythical Chicomoztoc, Seven Caves, place of creation in ancient Mexican mythology. The author suggests that the cavern may have determined the site for the building of the Pyramid of the Sun and that later Aztec accounts of rulers being buried underneath the pyramid may have been based upon fact.

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Robert H. Cobean , D. Coe Michael , A. Perry Edward Jr., Turekian Karl K. , and Kharkar Dinkar P. 1971 Obsidian Trade at San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan, Mexico. Science 174:666-671.

Rene Millon 1960 The beginnings of Teotihuacan. American Antiquity 26:1-10.

Rene Millon 1970 Teotihuacan. Completion of Map of Giant Ancient City in the Valley of Mexico. Science 170:1077-1082

Rene Millon 1965 The Pyramid of the Sun at Teotihuacan: 1959 Investigations. Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, (n.s.) 55 (pt. 6).

Evon Z. Vogt 1969 Zinacantan. A Maya community in the highlands of Chiapas. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.

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American Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0002-7316
  • EISSN: 2325-5064
  • URL: /core/journals/american-antiquity
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