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A Bison Antiquus Kill Site, Wacissa River, Jefferson County, Florida

  • S. David Webb (a1), Jerald T. Milanich (a2), Roger Alexon (a3) and James S. Dunbar (a4)


Metric analysis of an excellently preserved Bison skull with horn cores recovered from a northern Florida river identifies the specimen as an evolutionarily late representative of Bison antiquus. A fragment of chert protrudes from the right fronto-parietal area of the skull. Radiocarbon and biostratigraphic dating place the age of the Bison at about 11,000 years, thereby documenting an association between the animal and Paleoindians. It is likely that the animal was killed and butchered adjacent to a now-inundated water hole.



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American Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0002-7316
  • EISSN: 2325-5064
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