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The Botanical Identification of Archaeological Cotton

  • S. G. Stephens (a1)
Abstract
Abstract

Cotton plant parts recovered from archaeological sites usually consist of cordage and textile fragments, raw cotton, boll segments, and seeds. All of these can be readily identified as cotton, but much less easily as particular species of cotton. Some possibilities for obtaining a more precise botanical identification are presented. Peduncles (i.e., the stalks to which the bolls are attached in living material) might be particularly useful for identification purposes.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

B. Pickersgill 1969 The archaeological record of chili peppers (Capsicum spp.) and the sequence of plant domestication in Peru. American Antiquity 34:5461.

I. Rouse 1964 Prehistory of the West Indies. Science 144:499513.

R. A. Silow 1941 The comparative genetics of Gossypium anomalum and the cultivated Asiatic Cottons. Journal of Genetics 42:259358.

C. E. Smith , and R. S. MacNeish 1964 Antiquity of American polyploid cottons. Science 143:675676.

S. G. Stephens 1963 Polynesian cottons. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Gardens 50:122.

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American Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0002-7316
  • EISSN: 2325-5064
  • URL: /core/journals/american-antiquity
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