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Intertaxonomic Variability in Patterns of Bone Density and the Differential Representation of Bovid, Cervid, and Equid Elements in the Archaeological Record

  • Y. M. Lam (a1), Xingbin Chen (a2) and O. M. Pearson (a3)

La variabilidad intertaxonómica en la representatión de elementos óseos arqueológicos puede reflejar preferencias en el procuramiento, procesamiento, transporte ylo consumo de estas especies por forrajeros prehistóricos. Sin embargo, esta variabilidad intertaxonómica puede también darse como resultado de la preservatión partial del material óseo. Este factor necesita ser investigado antes de intentar establecer los atributos de la conducta humana que ha dado origen a la representatión ósea en cuestión. Por ejemplo, se ha observado en varios sitios arqueológicos, que la representatión de elementos óseos de equinos es distinta a la de los bóvidos y a la de los cérvidos. Con el propósito de evaluar la importancia de este tipo de diferencias, en este trabajo se estudia la variabilidad intertaxonómica en la densidad ósea de estas especies. Este último atributo es una medida aproximada que ha sido usada con más frecuencia para estimar la resistencia ósea a los procesos destructivos. Los resultados de este estudio muestran que las observaciones de densidad ósea obtenidas para una especie de bóvido (Connachaetes taurinus), una especie de cérvido (Rangifer tarandus), y dos especies de equinos (Equus burchelli y E. przewalskii) son muy similares. Esto sugiere que los valores de densidad ósea de una especie podrían ser usados para interpretar el patrón de supervivencia ósea de otras especies que mostrasen, en general, una morfología similar. Las diferencias en la respresentación ósea observada entre especimenes arqueológicos de bóvidos, cérvidos y équidos no se relacionan con la densidad ósea, lo que indicaría conductas selectivas por parte de seres humanos u otros agentes bióticos.

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American Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0002-7316
  • EISSN: 2325-5064
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