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The Island 35 Mastodon: Its Bearing on the Age of Archaic Cultures in the East

  • Stephen Williams (a1)

The possibility of the contemporaneity of man and the mastodon in America has been a vexing one for more than a hundred years. In 1839 Albert C. Koch first reported that he had found evidence to support such a claim (Montagu 1942); and the situation today remains much as it was then, confused and without absolute certainty. It would, perhaps, be worthwhile at the outset to make explicit the distinction between the mammoth and the mastodon. Mammoths are fossil elephants, family Elephantide, which were restricted in the New World to North America.

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H. R. Crane 1955 Antiquity of the Sandia Culture: Carbon–14 Measurements. Science, Vol. 122, pp. 689–90. Lancaster.

H. R. Crane 1956 University of Michigan Radiocarbon Dates I. Science, Vol. 124, pp. 664–72. Lancaster.

Loren Eiseley 1943 Archaeological Observations on the Problem of Post Glacial Extinction. American Antiquity, Vol. 8, No. 3, pp. 209–17. Menasha.

Loren Eiseley 1945a The Mastadon and Early Man in America. Science, Vol. 102, No. 2640, pp. 108–10. Lancaster.

Loren Eiseley 1945b Myth and Mammoth in Archaeology. American Antiquity, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 84–7. Menasha.

E. W. Haury 1953 Artifacts with Mammoth Remains, Naco, Arizona. American Antiquity, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. pp. 1–14. Salt Lake City.

C. W. Hibbard 1949 Pleistocene Vertebrate Paleontology in North America. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, Vol. 60, No. 9, pp. 1417–28. Washington.

F. C. Hibben 1955 Specimens from Sandia Cave and Their Possible Significance. Science, Vol. 122, No. 3172, pp. 688–9. Lancaster.

M. F. A. Montagu 1942 The Earliest Account of the Association of Human Artifacts with Fossil Mammals in North America. Science, Vol. 95, No. 2467, pp. 380–1. Lancaster.

M. F. A. Montagu 1944 An Indian Tradition Relating to the Mastodon. American Anthropologist, Vol. 46, No. 4, pp. 568–71. Menasha.

F. W. Putnam 1906 Evidence of the Work of Man on Objects from Quaternary Caves in California. American Anthropologist, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp. 229–35. Lancaster.

G. I. Quimby 1956 The Locus of the Natchez Pelvis Find. American Antiquity, Vol. 22, No. 1, pp. pp. 77–9. Salt Lake City.

Irving Rouse 1950 Vero and Melbourne Man: A Cultural and Chronological Interpretation. Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences, Series 2, Vol. 12, No. 7, pp. 220–4. New York.

E. H. Sellards 1940 Pleistocene Artifacts and Associated Fossils from Bee County, Texas. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, Vol. 51, No. 11, pp. 1627–58. Washington.

F. G. Speck 1935 Mammoth or Stiff Legged Bear. American Anthropologist, Vol. 37, No. 1, pp. 159–63. Menasha.

W. D. Strong 1934 North American Indian Traditions Suggesting a Knowledge of the Mammoth. American Anthropologist, Vol. 36, No. 1, pp. 81–8. Menasha.

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American Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0002-7316
  • EISSN: 2325-5064
  • URL: /core/journals/american-antiquity
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