Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

The Meadowcroft Rockshelter Radiocarbon Chronology 1975-1990

  • J. M. Adovasio (a1), J. Donahue (a1) and R. Stuckenrath (a2)

Abstract

Ever since the publication of the first of more than 50 internally consistent radiocarbon dates from Meadowcroft Rockshelter (36 WH297), controversy has been generated by frequent assertions that the dates older than 11,000 B.C. have suffered particulate or nonparticulate contamination. Data bearing on these assertions are assessed in the light of accelerator mass spectroscopy (AMS) dates provided by Oxford University. The weight of all data taken together suggests that this site still represents the best-dated evidence for the presence of human beings south of the glacial front in the Americas. That evidence indicates that Native Americans were present in southwestern Pennsylvania by 14,000–14,500 years ago.

Résumé

Desde la publicación de la primera de más de 50 fechas, todas consistentes entre ellas, provenientes del abrigo rocoso de Meadowcroft (36WH297), ha habido controversia debido alfrecuente reclamo de que lasfechas más antiguas de 11.000 A.C. han sufrido contaminación tanto particular como no-particular. Información concerniente con estos reclamos es examinada a la luz de las fechas generadas por el acelerador espectroscopio de masa (AMS) de la Universidad de Oxford, Inglaterra. El peso de todos los datos tornados en conjunto sugieren que este sitio aún representa la evidencia mejor fechada para la presencia de seres humanos al sur del frente glacial en las Americas. Estas evidencias indican que el hombre ya estaba presente en el sur oeste de Pennsylvania entre 14.000 y 14.500 A.C.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Adovasio, J. M., Carlisle, R. C., Cushman, K. A., Donahue, J., Guilday, J. E., Johnson, W. C., Lord, K., W., P. 1985 Paleoenvironmental Reconstruction at Meadowcroft Rockshelter, Washington County, Pennsylvania. In Environments and Extinctions : Man in Late Glacial North America, edited by Mead, J. I. and Meltzer, D. J., pp. 73110. Peopling of the Americas Edited Volume Series, Center for the Study of Early Man, Orono, Maine.
Adovasio, J. M., Donahue, J., Carlisle, R. C., Cushman, K., Stuckenrath, R., and Wiegman, P. 1984 Meadowcroft Rockshelter and the Pleistocene/Holocene Transition in Southwestern Pennsylvania. In Contributions in Quaternary Vertebrate Paleontology : A Volume in Memorial to John E. Guilday, edited by Genoways, H. H. and Dawson, M. R., pp. 347369. Special Publication No. 8. Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Pittsburgh.
Adovasio, J. M., Donahue, J., and Stuckenrath, R. 1990 The Microstratigraphy of Stratum II at Meadowcroft Rockshelter. Quaternary Research, in press.
Adovasio, J. M., Donahue, J., Stuckenrath, R., and Gunn, J. D. 1981 The Meadowcroft Papers : A Response to Dincauze. Quarterly Review of Archaeology 2 : 1415.
Adovasio, J. M., Gunn, J. D., Donahue, J., and Stuckenrath, R. 1975 Excavations at Meadowcroft Rockshelter, 1973-1974 : A Progress Report. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 45(3) : 130.
Adovasio, J. M., Gunn, J. D., Donahue, J., and Stuckenrath, R. 1977a Meadowcroft Rockshelter : Retrospect 1976. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 47(2-3).
Adovasio, J. M., Gunn, J. D., Donahue, J., and Stuckenrath, R. 1977b Meadowcroft Rockshelter : A 16, 000 Year Chronicle. In Amerinds and Their Paleoenvironments in Northeastern North America, edited by Newman, W. S. and Salwen, B., pp. 137159. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 288. New York.
Bryant, V. M. Jr. 1975 Pollen Analysis of Sediments from the Meadowcroft Village Site. Ms. on file, Palynology Laboratory, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas.
Carlisle, R. C, and Adovasio, J. M. (editors) 1982 Meadowcroft Rockshelter : Collected Papers on the Archaeology of Meadowcroft Rockshelter and the Cross Creek Drainage. Department of Anthropology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh.
Dincauze, D. F. 1981 The Meadowcroft Papers. Quarterly Review of Archaeology 2 : 34.
Gillespie, R., Gowlett, J. A. J., Hall, E. T., Hedges, R. E. M., and Perry, C. 1985 Radiocarbon Dates from the Oxford AMS System : Archeometry Datelist 2. Archeometry 27 : 237246.
Haynes, C. V. 1980 Paleoindian Charcoal from Meadowcroft Rockshelter : Is Contamination a Problem? American Antiquity 45 : 582587.
Haynes, C. V. 1987 Clovis Origin Update. The Kiva 52 : 8393.
Kelly, R. L. 1987 A Comment on the Pre-Clovis Deposits at Meadowcroft Rockshelter. Quaternary Research 27 : 332334.
Mead, J. I. 1980 Is It Really That Old? A Comment About the Meadowcroft “Overview. ” American Antiquity 45 : 579582.
Stuckenrath, R., Adovasio, J. M., Donahue, J., and Carlisle, R. C. 1982 The Stratigraphy, Cultural Features and Chronology at Meadowcroft Rockshelter, Washington County, Southwestern Pennsylvania. In Meadowcroft : Collected Papers on the Archaeology of Meadowcroft Rockshelter and the Cross Creek Drainage, edited by Carlisle, R. C. and Adovasio, J. M., pp. 6990. Department of Anthropology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh.
Tankersley, K. B., Munson, C. A., and Smith, D. 1987 Recognition of Bituminous Coal Contaminants in Radiocarbon Samples. American Antiquity 52 : 318330.
Volman, K. C. 1981 Paleoenvironmental Implications of Botanical Data from Meadowcroft Rockshelter, Pennsylvania. Unpublished Ph. D. dissertation, Department of Anthropology, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

American Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0002-7316
  • EISSN: 2325-5064
  • URL: /core/journals/american-antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed