Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

The Preceramic Las Vegas Culture of Coastal Ecuador

  • Karen E. Stothert (a1)
Abstract

This article begins with a description of excavations in the Las Vegas type site on the Santa Elena Peninsula, Ecuador. A pre-Las Vegas phase (11,000 to 10,000 B.P.) is defined provisionally, and the Early Las Vegas (10,000 to 8000 B.P.) and Late Las Vegas (8000 to 6600 B.P.) phases are described from artifacts, burials, settlement data, faunal remains, pollen, and phytoliths. The Las Vegas people were unspecialized hunters, fishermen, and gatherers living in a littoral zone who added plant cultivation to their subsistence system before 8,000 years ago. Evidence for bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria) and primitive maize (Zea mays L.) was found in the Las Vegas type site. The differences between the modern, semiarid environment and the environment of the preceramic period are accounted for without hypothesizing climatic change. Las Vegas is interpreted as a local manifestation of an early tropical forest cultural tradition out of which developed the ceramic-stage cultures of the Ecuadorian coast.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Ramiro Castro de la Mata , and Duccio Bonavia 1980 Lumbosacral Malformations and Spina Bifida in a Peruvian Preceramic Child. Current Anthropology 21(4) : 515516.

Edwin N. Ferdon 1981 Holocene Mangrove Formations on the Santa Elena Peninsula, Ecuador : Pluvial Indicators or Ecological Response to Physiographic Changes. American Antiquity 46 : 619625.

Linda L. Klepinger 1979 Paleodemography of the Valdivia III Phase at Real Alto, Ecuador. American Antiquity 44 : 305308.

Donald W. Lathrap 1973 The Antiquity and Importance of Long-Distance Trade Relationships in the Moist Tropics of Pre-Columbian South America. World Archaeology 5 : 170186.

R. R. H. Lemon , and C. S. Churcher 1961 Pleistocene Geology and Paleontology of the Talara Region, Northwest Peru. American Journal of Science 259 : 410429.

Charles R. McGimsey 1958 Further Data and a Date from Cerro Mangote, Panama. American Antiquity 23 : 434435.

Betty J. Meggers , Clifford M. Evans , and Emilio Estrada 1965 Early Formative Period of Coastal Ecuador : The Valdivia and Machalilla Phases. Smithsonian Contributions to Anthropology 1, Washington, D. C.

Christine Niederberger 1979 Early Sedentary Economy in the Basin of Mexico. Science 203(4379) : 131142.

Allison C. Paulsen 1971 Environment and Empire : Climatic Factors in Prehistoric Andean Culture Change. World Archaeology 8(2) : 121132.

Deborah Marie Pearsall 1978 Phytolith Analysis of Archaeological Soils : Evidence for Maize Cultivation in Formative Ecuador. Science 199 : 177178.

Dolores R. Piperno 1984 A Comparison and Differentiation of Phytoliths from Maize and Wild Grasses : Use of Morphological Criteria. American Antiquity 49 : 361383.

George Sheppard 1933 The Rainy Season of 1932 in Southwestern Ecuador. The Geographical Review 23 : 210216. The American Geographical Society, New York.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

American Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0002-7316
  • EISSN: 2325-5064
  • URL: /core/journals/american-antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 96 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 20th January 2017 - 21st August 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.