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Precise Characterization of Guatemalan Obsidian Sources, and Source Determination of Artifacts from Quiriguá

  • Fred H. Stross (a1), Payson Sheets (a2), Frank Asaro (a1) and Helen V. Michel (a1)

For the determination of provenience of obsidian artifacts, precise and accurate measurements of composition patterns of the geologic sources are necessary for definitive and cost-effective assignments. Inter-comparison of data from different laboratories is often difficult. Suggestions for maximizing the usefulness of data already in the literature are made, contributions to a useful data bank of source composition patterns are recorded, and provenience determinations of 30 artifacts excavated in Quirigua, Guatemala are presented to exemplify the technique.

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F. Asaro , H. V. Michel , R. Sidrys , and F. H. Stross 1978 High-precision Chemical Characterization of Major Obsidian Sources in Guatemala. American Antiquity 43:436443.

R. H. Cobean , M. D. Coe , E. A. Perry Jr., K. K. Turekian , and D. P. Kharkar 1971 Obsidian Trade at San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan, Mexico. Science 174:666671.

J. E. Ericson , and J. Kimberlin 1977 Obsidian Sources, Chemical Characterization, and Hydration Rates in West Mexico. Archaeometry 19(2):157166.

R. D. Giauque , R. B. Garrett , and L. Y. Goda 1977 Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometry for Determination of Twenty-six Trace and Two Major Elements in Geochemical Specimens. Analytical Chemistry 49:6267.

N. Hammond 1972 Obsidian Trade Routes in the Mayan Area. Science 178:10921093.

L. Hurtado de Mendoza , and W. A. Jester 1978 Obsidian Sources in Guatemala: A Regional Approach. American Antiquity 43:424435.

I. Perlman , and F. Asaro 1969 Pottery Analysis by Neutron Activation. Archaeometry 11:2152.

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R. J. Sharer 1978 Archaeology and History at Quirigua, Guatemala. Journal of Field Archaeology 5(1):5170.

F. H. Stross , F. Asaro , H. V. Michel , and R. Gruhn 1977 Sources of Some Obsidian Flakes from a Paleo-Indian Site in Guatemala. American Antiquity 42:114118.

F. H. Stross , H. R. Bowman , H. V. Michel , F. Asaro , and N. Hammond 1978 Mayan Obsidian Source Correlation for Southern Belize Artifacts. Archaeometry 20(1):8993.

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American Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0002-7316
  • EISSN: 2325-5064
  • URL: /core/journals/american-antiquity
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