Angrist Joshua D., Imbens Guido W., and Rubin Donald B.. 1996. “Identification of Causal Effects Using Instrumental Variables.” Journal of the American Statistical Association
Ansolabehere Stephen, and Hersh Eitan. 2012. “Validation: What Big Data Reveal About Survey Misreporting and the Real Electorate.” Political Analysis
Astuto Jennifer, and Ruck Martin D.. 2010. “Early Childhood as a Foundation for Civic Engagement.” In Handbook of Research on Civic Engagement in Youth. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 249–76.
Becker Gary S., and Tomes Nigel. 1986. “Human Capital and the Rise and Fall of Families.” Journal of Labor Economics
Brady Henry E., and McNulty John E.. 2011. “Turning Out to Vote: The Costs of Finding and Getting to the Polling Place.” American Political Science Review
Campbell David E.
2006. Why We Vote: How Schools and Communities Shape Our Civic Life. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Chetty Raj, Friedman John N., Hilger Nathaniel, Saez Emmanuel, Schanzenbach Diane Whitmore, and Yagan Danny. 2011. “How Does Your Kindergarten Classroom Affect Your Earnings? Evidence from Project Star.” Quarterly Journal of Economics
Condon Meghan, and Holleque Matthew. 2013. “Entering Politics: General Self-Efficacy and Voting Behavior Among Young People.” Political Psychology
Corvalan Alejandro, and Cox Paulo. Forthcoming. “The Impact of Procedural Information Costs on Voting: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Chile.” Political Behavior.
a. “Initial Impact of the Fast Track Prevention Trial for Conduct Problems: I. The High-Risk Sample.” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
b. “Initial Impact of the Fast Track Prevention Trial for Conduct Problems: II. Classroom Effects.” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
CPPRG. 2002. “Evaluation of the First 3 Years of the Fast Track Prevention Trial with Children at High Risk for Adolescent Conduct Problems.” Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
CPPRG. 2004. “The Effects of the Fast Track Program on Serious Problem Outcomes at the End of Elementary School.” Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
CPPRG. 2007. “Fast Track Randomized Controlled Trial to Prevent Externalizing Psychiatric Disorders: Findings from Grades 3 to 9.” Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
CPPRG. 2010. “Fast Track Intervention Effects on Youth Arrests and Delinquency.” Journal of Experimental Criminology
CPPRG. 2011. “The Effects of the Fast Track Preventive Intervention on the Development of Conduct Disorder Across Childhood.” Child Development
Currie Janet, and Thomas Duncan. 1995. “Does Head Start Make a Difference?” American Economic Review
Dahl Robert A.
1992. “The Problem of Civic Competence.” Journal of Democracy
Dawes Christopher, Cesarini David, Fowler James H., Johannesson Magnus, Magnusson Patrik K. E., and Oskarsson Sven. 2014. “The Relationship Between Genes, Psychological Traits, and Political Participation.” American Journal of Political Science
Dawson Richard E., and Prewitt Kenneth. 1968. Political Socialization: An Analytic Study. Boston, MA: Brown.
Dee Thomas S., and West Martin R.. 2011. “The Non-Cognitive Returns to Class Size.” Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis
Denny Kevin, and Doyle Orla. 2008. “Political Interest, Cognitive Ability and Personality: Determinants of Voter Turnout in Britain.” British Journal of Political Science
Duckworth Angela L., Peterson Christopher, Matthews Michael D., and Kelly Dennis R.. 2007. “Grit: Perseverance and Passion for Long-Term Goals.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
Farrington Camille A., Roderick Melissa, Allensworth Elaine, Nagaoka Jenny, Keyes Tasha Seneca, Johnson David W., and Beechum Nicole O.. 2012. “Teaching Adolescents to Become Learners: The Role of Noncognitive Factors in Shaping School Performance—a Critical Literature Review.” Technical Report. University of Chicago CCSR.
Fowler James H., and Kam Cindy D.. 2006. “Patience as a Political Virtue: Delayed Gratification and Turnout.” Political Behavior
Fowler James H., and Kam Cindy D.. 2007. “Beyond the Self: Social Identity, Altruism, and Political Participation.” Journal of Politics
Garmann Sebastian. 2016. “The Effect of a Reduction in the Opening Hours of Polling Stations on Turnout.” Public Choice
Gerber Alan S., Huber Gregory A., Doherty David, and Dowling Conor M.. 2011. “The Big Five Personality Traits in the Political Arena.” Annual Review of Political Science
Gerber Alan S., Huber Gregory A., Meredith Marc, Biggers Daniel R., and Hendry David J.. 2015. “Can Incarcerated Felons Be (Re) Integrated into the Political System? Results from a Field Experiment.” American Journal of Political Science
Gomez Brad T., Hansford Thomas G., and Krause George A.. 2007. “The Republicans Should Pray for Rain: Weather, Turnout, and Voting in US Presidential Elections.” Journal of Politics
Gooch Andrew, and Vavreck Lynn. Forthcoming. “How Face-to-Face Interviews and Cognitive Skill Affect Item Non-Response: A Randomized Experiment Assigning Mode of Interview.” Political Science Research and Methods.
Green Donald P., Ha Shang E., and Bullock John G.. 2010. “Enough Already About Black Box Experiments: Studying Mediation Is More Difficult Than Most Scholars Suppose.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science
Greenstein Fred. 1965. “Children and Politics”. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press
Heckman James J.
2000. “Policies to Foster Human Capital.” Research in Economics
Heckman James J., and Kautz Tim. 2014. “Fostering and Measuring Skills: Interventions That Improve Character and Cognition.” In The Myth of Achievement Tests: The GED and the Role of Character in American Life, eds. Heckman James J., Humphries John E., and Kautz Tim. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 341–430.
Heckman James J., and Rubinstein Yona. 2001. “The Importance of Noncognitive Skills: Lessons from the GED Testing Program.” American Economic Review
Heckman James, Pinto Rodrigo, and Savelyev Peter. 2013. “Understanding the Mechanisms Through Which an Influential Early Childhood Program Boosted Adult Outcomes.” American Economic Review
Heckman James J., Stixrud Jora, and Urzua Sergio. 2006. “The Effects of Cognitive and Noncognitive Abilities on Labor Market Outcomes and Social Behavior.” Journal of Labor Economics
Imai Kosuke, Keele Luke, Tingley Dustin, and Yamamoto Teppei. 2011. “Unpacking the Black Box of Causality: Learning About Causal Mechanisms from Experimental and Observational Studies.” American Political Science Review
Jackson Kirabo C.
2012. “Non-Cognitive Ability, Test Scores, and Teacher Quality: Evidence from 9th Grade Teachers in North Carolina.” NBER Working Paper (w18624). http://www.nber.org/papers/w18624.
Kanfer Frederick H.
1970. “Self Monitoring: Methodological Limitations and Clinical Applications.” Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
Kohler Ulrich, Karlson Kristian Bernt, and Holm Anders. 2011. “Comparing Coefficients of Nested Nonlinear Probability Models.” Stata Journal
Langton Kenneth P.
1969. Political Socialization. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Leighley Jan E., and Nagler Jonathan. 2013. Who Votes Now? Demographics, Issues, Inequality, and Turnout in the United States. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Luskin Robert C.
1990. “Explaining Political Sophistication.” Political Behavior
Mondak Jeffery J.
2010. Personality and the Foundations of Political Behavior. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Mondak Jeffery J., Hibbing Matthew V., Canache Damarys, Seligson Mitchell A., and Anderson Mary R.. 2010. “Personality and Civic Engagement: An Integrative Framework for the Study of Trait Effects on Political Behavior.” American Political Science Review
Nie Norman H., Junn Jane, and Stehlik-Barry Kenneth. 1996. Education and Democratic Citizenship in America. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Niemi Richard G., and Hepburn Mary A.. 1995. “The Rebirth of Political Socialization.” Perspectives on Political Science
Ojeda Christopher. 2015. “Depression and Political Participation.” Social Science Quarterly
Pacheco Julianna Sandell, and Plutzer Eric. 2007. “Stay in School, Don't Become a Parent: Teen Life Transitions and Cumulative Disadvantages for Voter Turnout.” American Politics Research
Park Daeun, Tsukayama Eli, Goodwin Geoffrey, Patrick Sarah, and Duckworth Angela. 2017. “A Tripartite Taxonomy of Character: Evidence for Intrapersonal, Interpersonal, & Intellectual Competencies in Children.” Contemporary Educational Psychology
Pettigrew Stephen. 2016. “The Downstream Effects of Long Lines: How Long Waits at the Precinct Depress Future Turnout.” Working Paper. Presented at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago, IL .
Plutzer Eric. 2002. “Becoming a Habitual Voter: Inertia, Resources, and Growth in Young Adulthood.” American Political Science Review
Plutzer Eric, and Wiefek Nancy. 2006. “Family Transitions, Economic Status, and Voter Turnout Among African-American Inner-City Women.” Social Science Quarterly
Ravitch Diane, and Viteritti Joseph P.. 2001. Making Good Citizens: Education and Civil Society. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Sapiro Virginia. 2004. “Not Your Parents’ Political Socialization: Introduction for a New Generation.” Annual Review of Political Science
Searing Donald D., Schwartz Joel J., and Lind Alden E.. 1973. “The Structuring Principle: Political Socialization and Belief Systems.” American Political Science Review
Sondheimer Rachel M., and Green Donald P.. 2010. “Using Experiments to Estimate the Effects of Education on Voter Turnout.” American Journal of Political Science
Sorensen Lucy C., and Dodge Ken A.. 2016. “How Do Childhood Interventions Prevent Crime?” Child Development
Uhlaner Carole Jean. 1989. “Relational Goods and Participation: Incorporating Sociability into a Theory of Rational Action.” Public Choice
Verba Sidney, and Almond Gabriel A.. 1989. The Civic Culture: Political Attitudes and Democracy in Five Nations. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Verba Sidney, Schlozman Kay Lehman, and Brady Henry E.. 1995. Voice and Equality: Civic Voluntarism in American Politics. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
Wellman Henry M., Cross David, and Watson Julanne. 2001. “Meta-Analysis of Theory-of-Mind Development: The Truth About False Belief.” Child Development
White Elliott S.
1968. “Intelligence and Sense of Political Efficacy in Children.” Journal of Politics
Wolfinger Raymond E., and Rosenstone Steven J.. 1980. Who Votes?
New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Yang Yaling, and Raine Adrian. 2009. “Prefrontal Structural and Functional Brain Imaging Findings in Antisocial, Violent, and Psychopathic Individuals: A Meta-Analysis.” Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging