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The Diffusion of Innovations among the American States*

  • Jack L. Walker (a1)
Abstract

We are now in the midst of a notable revival of interest in the politics of the American states. During the last decade many studies have been conducted of the social, political and economic determinants of state policy outcomes. Several of these writers have argued that the relative wealth of a state, its degree of industrialization, and other measures of social and economic development are more important in explaining its level of expenditures than such political factors as the form of legislative apportionment, the amount of party competition, or the degree of voter participation. It has been claimed that such factors as the level of personal income or the size of the urban population are responsible both for the degree of participation and party competition in a state, and the nature of the system's policy outputs. By making this argument these writers have called into question the concepts of representation and theories of party and group conflict which, in one form or another, are the foundations for much of American political science.

There is a growing awareness, however, that levels of expenditure alone are not an adequate measure of public policy outcomes. Sharkansky has shown, for example, that levels of expenditure and levels of actual service are seldom correlated; presumably, some states are able to reach given service levels with much less expenditure than others.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Richard E. Dawson and James A. Robinson , “Inter-Party Competition, Economic Variables, and Welfare Policies in the American States,” Journal of Politics (May, 1963), 265289

John H. Fenton and Donald W. Chamberlayne , “The Literature Dealing with the Relationships Between Political Processes, Socio-economic Conditions and Public Policies in the American States: A Bibliographical Essay,” Polity (Spring, 1969), 388394

Elihu Katz , Martin L. Levin , and Herbert Hamilton , “Traditions of Research in the Diffusion of Innovations,” American Sociological Review (1963), 237252

Ada J. Davis , “The Evolution of the Institution of Mothers' Pensions in the United States,” American Journal of Sociology (1930), 573582

Edgar C. McVoy , “Patterns of Diffusion in the United States,” American Sociological Review (1940), 219227

Robert Mason and Albert N. Halter , “The Application of a System of Simultaneous Equations to an Innovation Diffusion Model,” Social Forces (1968), 182193

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Frank M. Bryan , “The Metamorphosis of a Rural Legislature,” Polity (1968), 191212

M. Bryan , “Who is Legislating,” National Civic Review (December, 1967), 627633

John W. Loy Jr., “Social Psychological Characteristics of Innovators,” American Sociological Review (1969), 7382

Norman Meller , “Legislative Staff Services: Toxin, Specific, or Placebo for the Legislature's Ills,” The Western Political Quarterly (June, 1967), 381389

Richard Hofferbert , “Classification of American State Party Systems,” Journal of Politics (1964), 550567

Thomas R. Dye , “Malapportionment and Public Policy in the States,” Journal of Politics (1965), 586601

A. H. Birch , “Approaches to the Study of Federalism,” Political Studies (1966), 1533

A. Bristol Goodman , “Westward Movement of Local Government,” The Journal of Land and Public Utility Economics (1944), pp. 2034

Thomas M. Scott in his: “The Diffusion of Urban Governmental Forms as a Case of Social Learning,” The Journal of Politics (1968), 10911108

Leon Festinger , “A Theory of Social Comparison Processes,” Human Relations (1954), 117140

Allan Spitz , “The Transplantation of American Democratic Institutions,” Political Science Quarterly (1967), 386398

Anthony Downs , “Why the Government Budget is too Small in a Democracy,” World Politics (July, 1960), 541563

Fred E. Katz , “Occupational Contact Networks,” Social Forces (1958), 5258

Jack Ladinsky , “Occupational Determinants of Geographic Mobility Among Professional Workers,” American Sociological Review (1967), 253264

Alvin W. Gouldner , “Cosmopolitans and Locals: Toward an Analysis of Latent Social Roles,” Administrative Science Quarterly (1957), 281306

Ira Sharkansky , “Economic Development, Regionalism and State Political Systems,” Midwest Journal of Political Science (1968), 4161

Norton E. Long's emphasis on the importance of information sources in his: “After the Voting is Over,” Midwest Journal of Political Science (1962), 183200

Philip Green , “Science, Government, and the Case of RAND: A Singular Pluralism,” World Politics (1968), 301326

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American Political Science Review
  • ISSN: 0003-0554
  • EISSN: 1537-5943
  • URL: /core/journals/american-political-science-review
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