Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 83
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Bianchi, Alison J. Ruch, Alexander M. Ritter, Michael J. and Kim, Ji Hye 2016. Emotion Management: Unexpected Research Opportunities. Sociology Compass, Vol. 10, Issue. 2, p. 172.


    Boukala, Salomi and Dimitrakopoulou, Dimitra 2016. The politics of fear vs. the politics of hope: analysing the 2015 Greek election and referendum campaigns. Critical Discourse Studies, p. 1.


    Dermody, Janine 2016. Political Marketing and the 2015 UK General Election.


    Potter, Joshua D. 2016. Constituency Diversity, District Magnitude and Voter Co-ordination. British Journal of Political Science, p. 1.


    Stryker, Robin Conway, Bethany Anne and Danielson, J. Taylor 2016. What is political incivility?. Communication Monographs, p. 1.


    Dermody, Janine Hanmer-Lloyd, Stuart Koenig-Lewis, Nicole and Zhao, Anita Lifen 2015. Young British Partisan Attitudes to Negative Election Campaign Advertising: A Tri-Party Perspective. Journal of Political Marketing, p. 1.


    Gawronski, Bertram Galdi, Silvia and Arcuri, Luciano 2015. What Can Political Psychology Learn from Implicit Measures? Empirical Evidence and New Directions. Political Psychology, Vol. 36, Issue. 1, p. 1.


    Gotlieb, Melissa R. Scholl, Rosanne M. Ridout, Travis N. Goldstein, Kenneth M. and Shah, Dhavan V. 2015. Cumulative and Long-Term Campaign Advertising Effects on Trust and Talk. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, p. edv047.


    Immerzeel, Tim and Pickup, Mark 2015. Populist radical right parties mobilizing ‘the people’? The role of populist radical right success in voter turnout. Electoral Studies, Vol. 40, p. 347.


    Parycek, Peter Schollhammer, Ralph and Schossbock, Judith 2015. 2015 48th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. p. 2415.

    Soroka, Stuart and McAdams, Stephen 2015. News, Politics, and Negativity. Political Communication, Vol. 32, Issue. 1, p. 1.


    Stockemer, Daniel 2015. When Do Close Elections Matter for Higher Turnout? Gauging the Impact of the Interaction Between Electoral Competitiveness and District Magnitude. Journal of Elections, Public Opinion and Parties, Vol. 25, Issue. 2, p. 178.


    Borah, Porismita 2014. Handbook of Research on Political Activism in the Information Age.


    Dermody, Janine Hanmer-Lloyd, Stuart Koenig-Lewis, Nicole and Zhao, Anita Lifen 2014. Young British partisans’ and non-voters’ processing of attack election advertising and the implications for marketing politics. Journal of Marketing Management, Vol. 30, Issue. 9-10, p. 974.


    Hall, M. G. 2014. Televised Attacks and the Incumbency Advantage in State Supreme Courts. Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization, Vol. 30, Issue. 1, p. 138.


    Lin, Sue-Jen 2014. Media use and political participation reconsidered: the actual and perceived influence of political campaign messages. Chinese Journal of Communication, Vol. 7, Issue. 2, p. 135.


    Pérez Dámazo, Ana Yely 2014. Campañas negativas en las elecciones 2000 y 2006 en México. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Políticas y Sociales, Vol. 59, Issue. 222, p. 87.


    Rogowski, Jon C. 2014. Electoral Choice, Ideological Conflict, and Political Participation. American Journal of Political Science, Vol. 58, Issue. 2, p. 479.


    Weinschenk, Aaron C. and Panagopoulos, Costas 2014. Personality, Negativity, and Political Participation. Journal of Social and Political Psychology, Vol. 2, Issue. 1, p. 164.


    Fernandes, Juliana 2013. Effects of Negative Political Advertising and Message Repetition on Candidate Evaluation. Mass Communication and Society, Vol. 16, Issue. 2, p. 268.


    ×

Do Negative Campaigns Mobilize or Suppress Turnout? Clarifying the Relationship between Negativity and Participation

  • Kim Fridkin Kahn (a1) and Patrick J. Kenney (a1)
  • DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2586118
  • Published online: 01 August 2014
Abstract

Does negative campaigning influence the likelihood of voting in elections? Our study of U.S. Senate campaigns indicates the answer is “yes.” We find that people distinguish between useful negative information presented in an appropriate manner and irrelevant and harsh mudslinging. As the proportion of legitimate criticisms increases in campaigns, citizens become more likely to cast ballots. When campaigns degenerate into unsubstantiated and shrill attacks, voters tend to stay home. Finally, we find that individuals vary in their sensitivity to the tenor of campaigns. In particular, the tone is more consequential for independents, for those with less interest in politics, and for those with less knowledge about politics.

Copyright
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Paul Abramson , and John Aldrich . 1982. “The Decline of Electoral Participation in America.” American Political Science Review 76 (3): 502–21.

Stephen Ansolabehere , Shanto Iyengar , Adam Simon , and Nicholas Valentine . 1994. “Does Attack Advertising Demobilize the Electorate.” American Political Science Review 88 (4): 829–38.

Craig Leonard Brians , and Martin P. Wattenberg 1996. “Campaign Issue Knowledge and Salience: Comparing Reception from TV Commercials, TV News, and Newspapers.” American Journal of Political Science 40 (1): 172–93.

Angus Campbell . 1960. “Surge and Decline: A Study of Electoral Change.” Public Opinion Quarterly 24 (3): 397418.

Peter Clarke , and Eric Fredin . 1978. “Newspapers, Television, and Political Reasoning.” Public Opinion Quarterly 42 (2): 143–60.

Philip E. Converse 1962. “Information Flow and the Stability of Partisan Attitudes.” Public Opinion Quarterly 26 (4): 578–99.

Gary W. Copeland 1983. “Activating Voters in Congressional Elections.” Political Behavior 5 (4): 391401.

Gary W. Cox , and Michael C. Munger 1989. “Closeness, Expenditures, and Turnout in the 1982 House Elections.” American Political Science Review 83 (1): 217–31.

Steven Finkel , and John Geer . 1998. “A Spot Check: Casting Doubt on the Demobilizing Effect of Attack Advertising.” American Journal of Political Science 42 (2): 573–95.

Charles H. Franklin 1991. “Eschewing Obfuscation? Campaigns and the Perceptions of U.S. Senate Incumbents.” American Political Science Review 85 (4): 1193–214.

Gina Garramone , Charles K. Atkin , Bruce E. Pinkleton , and Richard T. Cole 1990. “Effects of Negative Political Advertising on the Political Process.” Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media 34 (3): 299310.

D.L. Hamilton , and M.P. Zanna 1974. “Context Effects in Impression Formation: Changes in Connotative Meaning.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 29 (5): 649–54.

Kim Quaile Hill , and Jan E. Leighley 1993. “Party Ideology, Organization, and Competitiveness as Mobilizing Forces in Gubernatorial Elections.” American Journal of Political Science 37 (4): 1158–78.

Daniel Kahneman , and Amos Tversky . 1979. “Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Risk.” Econometrica 47 (2): 263–91.

A. Koutsoyiannis 1977. Theory of Econometrics. Totowa, NJ: Barnes and Noble.

Richard Lau . 1982. “Negativity in Person Perception.” Political Behavior 4 (4): 353–77.

Richard Lau . 1985. “Two Explanations for Negativity Effects in Political Behavior.” American Journal of Political Science 29 (1): 119–38.

Robert Luskin . 1987. “Measuring Political Sophistication.” American Journal of Political Science 31 (4): 856–99.

William G. Mayer 1993. “Trends: Trends in Media Usage.” Public Opinion Quarterly 57 (4): 593611.

Warren E. Miller , Donald R. Kinder , Steven J. Rosenstone , and the National Election Studies. 1993. American National Election Study: Pooled Senate Election Study, 1988, 1990, 1992 [computer file] (Study #9580). Conducted by University of Michigan, Center for Political Studies. 2d ICPSR ed. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, Center for Political Studies/Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research [producers], 1993. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1993.

Samuel Patterson , and Gregory Caldeira . 1983. “Getting Out the Vote: Participation in Gubernatorial Elections.” American Political Science Review 77 (3): 675–89.

G. Bingham Powell . 1986. “American Voter Turnout in Comparative Perspective.” American Political Science Review 80 (1): 1743.

Lyn Ragsdale , and Jerold G. Rusk 1995. “Candidates, Issues, and Participation in Senate Election.” Legislative Studies Quarterly 20 (3): 305–28.

Marjorie H. Richey , Frank S. Bono , Helen V. Lewis , and Harold W. Richey 1982. “Selectivity of Negative Bias in Impression Formation.” Journal of Social Psychology 116 (1): 107–18.

Brian L. Roddy , and Gina M. Garramone 1988. “Appeals and Strategies of Political Advertising.” Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media 32 (4): 415–27.

Priscilla L. Southwell 1991. “Voter Turnout in the 1986 Congressional Elections.” American Politics Quarterly 19 (1): 96106.

Peverill Squire , Raymond E. Wolfinger , and David P. Glass 1987. “Residential Mobility and Vote Turnout.” American Political Science Review 81 (1): 4565.

Esther Thorson , William G. Christ , and Clark Caywood . 1991. “The Effects of Issue-Image Strategies, Attack and Support Appeals, Music, and Visual Content in Political Commercials.” Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media 35 (4): 465–86.

John R. Zaller 1992. Nature and Origins of Mass Opinion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

American Political Science Review
  • ISSN: 0003-0554
  • EISSN: 1537-5943
  • URL: /core/journals/american-political-science-review
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×