Skip to main content Accesibility Help
×
×
Home

Electoral Markets, Party Strategies, and Proportional Representation

  • CARLES BOIX (a1)
Abstract

Following Kreuzer's (2010) methodological pleas, I first reflect, at the conceptual level, on the ways in which historical research and political science should be related to each other. I then apply some of those considerations to examine two key “moments” in the theory (and history) of institutional choice that I first presented in Boix (1999): the underlying conditions that shaped the interests of different parties toward proportional representation, and the process through which those interests were translated into actual legislative decisions.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Carles Boix is Professor of Politics and Public Affairs, Princeton University, 433 Robertson Hall, Princeton, NJ 08544 (cboix@princeton.edu)
References
Hide All
Aardal, Bernt. 2002. “Electoral Systems in Norway.” In The Evolution of Electoral and Party Systems in the Nordic Countries, eds. Grofman, Bernard and Lijphart, Arend. New York: Agathon Press, 167224.
Bartolini, Stefano. 2000. The Political Mobilization of the European Left, 1860–1980. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Bates, Robert H., Avner Greif, Margaret Levi, Jean-Laurent Rosenthal and Barry Weingast. 2000. “The Analytical Narrative Project.” American Political Science Review 94 (September): 696702.
Blewett, Neal. 1972. The Peers, the Parties and the People: The British General Elections of 1910. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
Boix, Carles. 1999. “Setting the Rules of the Game. The Choice of Electoral Systems in Advanced Democracies,” American Political Science Review 93 (September): 609–24.
Boix, Carles. 2003. Democracy and Redistribution. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Boix, Carles. 2004. “The Origins of Party Alignments: Electoral Mobilization in Belgium, Britain and Sweden from 1880 to 1940.” Princeton University: Unpublished typescript.
Boix, Carles. 2007. “Emergence of Parties and Party Systems.” In Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics, eds. Boix, Carles and Stokes, Susan. New York: Oxford University Press, 499521.
Buell, Raymond L. 1920. Contemporary French Politics. New York: D. Appleton & Co.
Butler, D. E. 1963. The Electoral System in Britain since 1918. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Calvo, Ernesto. 2009. “The Competitive Road to Proportional Representation: Partisan Biases and Electoral Regime Change under Increasing Party Competition.” World Politics 61 (April): 254–95.
Campbell, P. 1958. French Electoral Systems and Elections 1789–1957. London: Faber and Faber.
Carstairs, Andrew McLaren. 1980. A Short History of Electoral Systems in Western Europe. London: George Allen & Unwin.
Cook, Chris. 1975. The Age of Alignment: Electoral Politics in Britain, 1922–1929. London: Macmillan.
Cox, Gary W. 1997. Making Votes Count: Strategic Coordination in the World's Electoral Systems. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Cusack, Thomas, Iversen, Torben, and Soskice, David. 2007. “Economic Interests and the Origins of Electoral Systems.” American Political Science Review 101 (3): 373–91.
Daalder, Hans. 1990. “Consociationalism, Centre and Periphery in the Netherlands.” In Politiek en Historie, ed. Daalder, Hans, Amsterdam: Vitgeverij Bert Bakker, 2163.
Dahl, Robert A. and Tufte, Edward R.. 1973. Size and Democracy. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
Duverger, Maurice. 1954. Political Parties. New York: Wiley.
Elklit, Jorgen. 2002. “The Politics of Electoral System Development and Change: The Danish Case.” In The Evolution of Electoral and Party Systems in the Nordic Countries, eds. Grofman, Bernard and Lijphart, Arend. New York: Agathon Press, 1566.
Elster, Jon. 2000. “Review: Rational Choice History: A Case of Excessive Ambition.” American Political Science Review 94 (September): 685–95.
Fearon, James D., and Laitin, David D.. 2009. “Integrating Qualitative and Quantitative Methods.” In Oxford Handbook of Political Science, ed. Goodin, Robert E.. New York: Oxford University Press, 1166–86.
Gerring, John. 2007. “The Case Study: What It Is and What It Does.” In Oxford Handbook of Comparative Politics, eds. Boix, Carles and Stokes, Susan. New York: Oxford University Press, 90122.
Goblet d'Alviella, Eugène. 1900. La représentation proportionnelle en Belgique: histoire d'une réforme. Bruxelles, P. Weissenbruch.
Hall, Peter, and Taylor, Rosemary. 1996. “Political science and the three institutionalisms.” Political Studies 44: 936–57.
Hardarson, Ólafur Th. 2002. “The Icelandic Electoral System 1844–1999.” In The Evolution of Electoral and Party Systems in the Nordic Countries, eds. Grofman, Bernard and Lijphart, Arend. New York: Agathon Press, 101–66.
Hermens, Ferdinand A. 1941. Democracy or Anarchy? A Study of Proportional Representation. Notre Dame, In: University of Notre Dame.
Kreuzer, Markus. 2010. “Historical Knowledge and Quantitative Analysis: The Case of the Origins of Proportional Representation.” American Political Science Review 104 (May): 369–92.
La Nauze, John A. 1965. Alfred Deakin: A Biography. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Lewin, Leif. 1988. Ideology and Strategy: A Century of Swedish Politics. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Lewin, Leif, Jansson, Bo and Sörbom, Dag. 1972. The Swedish Electorate 1887–1968. Stockholm: Almqvist & Wiksell.
Loveday, P., Martin, A. W. and Parker, R. S., eds. 1977. The Emergence of the Australian Party System. Sydney: Hale & Iremonger.
Luebbert, Gregory M. 1991. Liberalism, Fascism, or Social Democracy: Social Classes and the Political Origins of Regimes in Interwar Europe. New York: Oxford University Press.
Lutz, Georg. 2004. “Switzerland: Introducing Proportional Representation from Above.” In Handbook of Electoral System Choice, ed. Colomer, Josep M.. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 265–78.
Martin, Cathie Jo, and Swank, Duane. 2008. “The Political Origins of Coordinated Capitalism: Business Organization, Party Systems, and the State in the Age of Innocence.” American Political Science Review 102 (May): 181–98.
Milne, R. S. 1966. Political Parties in New Zealand. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Moore, Barrington. 1966. Social Origins of Democracy and Dictatorship. Boston: Beacon Press.
Morris, H. L. 1921. Parliamentary Franchise Reform in England and Wales from 1885 to 1918. New York: Columbia University Press.
Overacker, Louise. 1952. AustralianParty System. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Penadés, Alberto. 2008. “Choosing Rules for Government: The Institutional Preferences of Early Socialist Parties.” In Controlling Governments: Voters, Institutions, and Accountability, eds. Maravall, José María and Sánchez-Cuenca, Ignacio. New York: Cambridge University Press, 202–46.
Pugh, Martin. 1978. Electoral Reform in War and Peace, 1906–1918. London: Routledge.
Ramseyer, Mark J., and Rosenbluth, Frances M.. 1995. The Politics of Oligarchy: Institutional Choice in Imperial Japan. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Rodden, Jonathan. 2009a. “Back to the Future: Endogenous Institutions and Comparative Politics.” In Comparative Politics: Rationality, Culture, and Structure. 2nd ed. eds Lichbach, Mark and Zuckerman, Alan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 333–57.
Rodden, Jonathan. 2009b. “Why Did Western Europe Adopt Proportional Representation? A Political Geography Explanation?” Stanford University: Unpublished typescript.
Rogowski, Ronald. 1987. “Trade and the Variety of Democratic Institutions.” International Organization 41 (Spring): 203–24.
Rokkan, Stein. 1970. Citizens, Elections, Parties: Approaches to the Comparative Study of the Process of Development. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget.
Rustow, Dankwart A. 1950. “Some Observations on Proportional Representation.”Journal of Politics 12 (February): 107–27.
Signorino, Curtis S. 1999. “Strategic Interaction and the Statistical Analysis of International Conflict”. American Political Science Review 93 (2): 279–97.
Strong, David F. 1939. Austria (October 1918– March 1919). Transition from Empire to Republic. New York: Columbia University Press.
Stuart, Graham H. 1920. “Electoral Reform in France and the Elections of 1919.” American Political Science Review 14 (February): 117–23.
Verney, D. V. 1957. Parliamentary Reform in Sweden, 1866–1921 Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Woeste, Charles. 1933. Mémoires pour servir à l'histoire contemporaine de la Belgique. Brussels: édition Universelle.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

American Political Science Review
  • ISSN: 0003-0554
  • EISSN: 1537-5943
  • URL: /core/journals/american-political-science-review
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed