Acemoglu, Daron, and Robinson, James A.. 2006. Economic Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Anderson, Christopher J., and Tverdova, Yuliya V.. 2003. “Corruption, Political Allegiances, and Attitudes toward Government in Contemporary Democracies.” American Journal of Political Science 47 (1): 91–109.
Arendt, Hannah. 1951. The Origins of Totalitarianism. New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co.
Ariely, Gal, and Davidov, Eldad. 2011. “Can We Rate Public Support for Democracy in a Comparable Way? Cross-National Equivalence of Democratic Attitudes in the World Value Survey.” Social Indicators Research 104 (2): 271–86.
Armingeon, Klaus, and Guthmann, Kai. 2014. “Democracy in Crisis? The Declining Support for National Democracy in European Countries, 2007–2011.” European Journal of Political Research 53 (3): 423–42.
Baker, Kendall L., Dalton, Russell J., and Hildebrandt, Kai. 1981. Germany Transformed: Political Culture and the New Politics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Beck, Nathaniel, and Katz, Jonathan N.. 2011. “Modeling Dynamics in Time-Series–Cross-Section Political Economy Data.” Annual Review of Political Science 14: 331–52.
Bickel, Alexander M. 1986. The Least Dangerous Branch: The Supreme Court at the Bar of Politics, 2nd edition. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Booth, John A., and Seligson, Mitchell A.. 2009. The Legitimacy Puzzle in Latin America: Political Support and Democracy in Eight Nations. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bratton, Michael. 2010. “The Meanings of Democracy: Anchoring the ‘D-Word’ in Africa.” Journal of Democracy 21 (4): 106–13.
Bratton, Michael, and Mattes, Robert. 2001. “Support for Democracy in Africa: Intrinsic or Instrumental?” British Journal of Political Science 31 (3): 447–74.
Bratton, Michael, Mattes, Robert, and Gyimah-Boadi, E.. 2005. Public Opinion, Democracy, and Market Reform in Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Canache, Damarys, Mondak, Jeffery J., and Seligson, Mitchell A.. 2001. “Meaning and Measurement in Cross-National Research on Satisfaction with Democracy.” Public Opinion Quarterly 65 (4): 506–28.
Claassen, Christopher. 2019a. “Does Public Support Help Democracy Survive?” American Journal of Political Science. https://10.1111/ajps.12452.
Claassen, Christopher. 2019b. “Estimating Smooth Country-Year Panels of Public Opinion.” Political Analysis 27 (1): 1–20.
Dahl, Robert A. 1971. Polyarchy: Participation and Opposition. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Dalton, Russell. 1994. “Communists and Democrats: Democratic Attitudes in the Two Germanies.” British Journal of Political Science 24 (4): 469–93.
Dalton, Russell J. 2004. Democratic Challenges, Democratic Choices: The Erosion of Political Support in Advanced Industrial Democracies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Dalton, Russell J., and Welzel, Christian. 2014. “Political Culture and Value Change.” In The Civic Culture Transformed: From Allegiant to Assertive Citizens, eds. Dalton, Russell J. and Welzel, Christian. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1–16.
Dalton, Russell J., and Shin, Doh Chull, eds. 2006. Citizens, Democracy, and Markets Around the Pacific Rim: Congruence Theory and Political Culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
De Boef, Susanna, and Keele, Luke. 2008. “Taking Time Seriously.” American Journal of Political Science 52 (1): 184–200.
Denemark, David, Donovan, Todd, and Niemi, Richard G.. 2016. “Advanced Democracies: The Erosion of Traditional Democratic Citizenship.” In Growing up Democratic: Does it Make a Difference? eds. Denemark, David, Mattes, Robert, and Niemi, Richard G.. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 181–206.
Diamond, Larry. 2015. “Facing up to the Democratic Recession.” Journal of Democracy 26 (1): 141–55.
Duch, Raymond M., and Gibson, James L.. 1992. “‘Putting up with’ Fascists in Western Europe: A Comparative, Cross-Level Analysis of Political Tolerance.” The Western Political Quarterly 45 (1): 237–73.
Easton, David. 1965. A Systems Analysis of Political Life. New York: Wiley.
Eckstein, Harry. 1966. A Theory of Stable Democracy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Erikson, Robert S., Mackuen, Michael B., and Stimson, James A.. 2002. The Macro Polity. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Evans, Geoffrey, and Whitefield, Stephen. 1995. “The Politics and Economics of Democratic Commitment: Support for Democracy in Transition Societies.” British Journal of Political Science 25 (4): 485–514.
Foa, Roberto Stefan, and Mounk, Yascha. 2016. “The Danger of Deconsolidation: The Democratic Disconnect.” Journal of Democracy 27 (3): 5–17.
Foa, Roberto Stefan, and Mounk, Yascha. 2017. “The Signs of Deconsolidation.” Journal of Democracy 28 (1): 5–16.
Fromm, Erich. 1941. Escape from Freedom. New York: Holt.
Gandhi, Jennifer, and Lust-Okar, Ellen. 2009. “Elections under Authoritarianism.” Annual Review of Political Science 12: 403–22.
Gibson, James L. 1998. “A Sober Second Thought: An Experiment in Persuading Russians to Tolerate.” American Journal of Political Science 42 (3): 819–50.
Gibson, James L. 2008. “Intolerance and Political Repression in the United States: A Half Century after McCarthyism.” American Journal of Political Science 52 (1): 96–108.
Gibson, James L., and Caldeira, Gregory A.. 2003. “Defenders of Democracy? Legitimacy, Popular Acceptance, and the South African Constitutional Court.” The Journal of Politics 65 (1): 1–30.
Graham, Carol, and Sukhtankar, Sandip. 2004. “Does Economic Crisis Reduce Support for Markets and Democracy in Latin America? Some Evidence from Surveys of Public Opinion and Well Being.” Journal of Latin American Studies 36 (2): 349–77.
Huntington, Samuel P. 1991. “Democracy’s Third Wave.” Journal of Democracy 2 (2): 12–34.
Inglehart, Ronald, and Welzel, Christian. 2005. Modernization, Cultural Change, and Democracy: The Human Development Sequence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Jennings, M. Kent, and Niemi, Richard G.. 1974. The Political Character of Adolescence. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Klingemann, Hans-Dieter. 1999. “Mapping Political Support in the 1990s: A Global Analysis.” In Critical Citizens: Global Support for Democratic Governance, ed. Norris, Pippa. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 31–56.
Krieckhaus, Jonathan, Son, Byunghwan, Mukherjee Bellinger, Nisha, and Wells, Jason M.. 2014. “Economic Inequality and Democratic Support.” The Journal of Politics 76 (1): 139–51.
Levitsky, Steven, and Way, Lucan A.. 2002. “The Rise of Competitive Authoritarianism.” Journal of Democracy 13 (2): 51–65.
Linde, Jonas, and Ekman, Joakim. 2003. “Satisfaction with Democracy: A Note on a Frequently Used Indicator in Comparative Politics.” European Journal of Political Research 42 (3): 391–408.
Linz, Juan J., and Stepan, Alfred. 1996. Problems of Democratic Transition and Consolidation: Southern Europe, South America, and Post-Communist Europe. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Lipset, Seymour Martin. 1959. “Some Social Requisites of Democracy: Economic Development and Political Legitimacy.” American Political Science Review 53 (1): 69–105.
Lührmann, Anna, Tannenberg, Marcus, and Lindberg, Staffan I.. 2018. “Regimes of the World (RoW): Opening New Avenues for the Comparative Study of Political Regimes.” Politics and Governance 6 (1). http://dx.doi.org/10.17645/pag.v6i1.1214.
Magalhães, Pedro C. 2014. “Government Effectiveness and Support for Democracy.” European Journal of Political Research 53 (1): 77–97.
Mannheim, Karl. 1952. “The Problem of Generations.” In Essays on the Sociology of Knowledge, ed. Kecskemeti, Paul. London: Routledge, 276–320.
Mattes, Robert, Denemark, David, and Niemi, Richard G.. 2016a. “Generational Change in Postauthoritarian Democracies?” In Growing up Democratic: Does it Make a Difference? eds. Denemark, David, Mattes, Robert, and Niemi, Richard G.. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 263–82.
Mattes, Robert, Denemark, David, and Niemi, Richard G.. 2016b. “Growing up Democratic?” In Growing up Democratic: Does it Make a Difference? eds. Denemark, David, Mattes, Robert, and Niemi, Richard G.. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner, 1–24.
Mattes, Robert, and Bratton, Michael. 2007. “Learning about Democracy in Africa: Awareness, Performance, and Experience.” American Journal of Political Science 51 (1): 192–217.
Mechkova, Valeriya, Lührmann, Anna, and Lindberg, Staffan I.. 2017. “How Much Democratic Backsliding?” Journal of Democracy 28 (4): 162–9.
Mishler, William, and Rose, Richard. 2002. “Learning and Re-Learning Regime Support: The Dynamics of Post-Communist Regimes.” European Journal of Political Research 41 (1): 5–36.
Mishler, William, and Rose, Richard. 2007. “Generation, Age, and Time: The Dynamics of Political Learning during Russia’s Transformation.” American Journal of Political Science 51 (4): 822–34.
Montero, José Ramón, Gunther, Richard, and Torcal, Mariano. 1997. “Democracy in Spain: Legitimacy, Discontent, and Disaffection.” Studies in Comparative International Development 32 (3): 124–60.
Morlino, Leonardo. 2010. “Authoritarian Legacies, Politics of the Past and the Quality of Democracy in Southern Europe: Open Conclusions.” South European Society and Politics 15 (3): 507–29.
Norris, Pippa. 2011. Democratic Deficit: Critical Citizens Revisited. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Plattner, Marc F. 2017. “Liberal Democracy’s Fading Allure.” Journal of Democracy 28 (4): 5–14.
Pop-Eleches, Grigore, and Tucker, Joshua A.. 2017. Communism’s Shadow: Historical Legacies and Contemporary Political Attitudes. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Qi, Lingling, and Shin, Doh Chull. 2011. “How Mass Political Attitudes Affect Democratization: Exploring the Facilitating Role Critical Democrats Play in the Process.” International Political Science Review 32 (3): 245–62.
Rose, Richard, and Mishler, William. 1996. “Testing the Churchill Hypothesis: Popular Support for Democracy and its Alternatives.” Journal of Public Policy 16 (1): 29–58.
Rose, Richard, Mishler, William, and Haerpfer, Christian. 1998. Democracy and its Alternatives: Understanding Post-Communist Societies. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
Rueschemeyer, Dietrich, Stephens, Evelyne Huber, and Stephens, John D.. 1992. Capitalist Development and Democracy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Soroka, Stuart N., and Wlezien, Christopher. 2010. Degrees of Democracy: Politics, Public Opinion, and Policy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Stegmueller, Daniel. 2011. “Apples and Oranges? The Problem of Equivalence in Comparative Research.” Political Analysis 19 (4): 471–87.
Stimson, James A. 1991. Public Opinion in America: Moods, Cycles, and Swings, Transforming American Politics. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Teorell, Jan, Coppedge, Michael, Lindberg, Staffan, and Skaaning, Svend-Erik. 2018. “Measuring Polyarchy Across the Globe, 1900–2017.” Studies in Comparative International Development. forthcoming. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12116-018-9268-z.
Welzel, Christian. 2013. Freedom Rising: Human Empowerment and the Quest for Emancipation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Williams, Laron K., and Whitten, Guy D.. 2012. “But Wait, There’s More! Maximizing Substantive Inferences from TSCS Models.” The Journal of Politics 74 (3): 685–93.
Wintrobe, Ronald. 1998. The Political Economy of Dictatorship. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wlezien, Christopher. 1995. “The Public as Thermostat: Dynamics of Preferences for Spending.” American Journal of Political Science 39 (4): 981–1000.
Wood, Elisabeth Jean. 2000. Forging Democracy from below: Insurgent Transitions in South Africa and El Salvador. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.