RASMUSSEN, STIG HEBBELSTRUP RYE and NØRGAARD, ASBJØRN SONNE 2018. When and why does education matter? Motivation and resource effects in political efficacy. European Journal of Political Research, Vol. 57, Issue. 1, p. 24.
Heinisch, Reinhard Lehner, Thomas Mühlböck, Armin and Schimpf, Christian H. 2018. How do municipal amalgamations affect turnout in local elections? Insights from the 2015 municipal reform in the Austrian state of Styria. Local Government Studies, p. 1.
Lidström, Anders and Schaap, Linze 2018. The citizen in city-regions: Patterns and variations. Journal of Urban Affairs, Vol. 40, Issue. 1, p. 1.
Swianiewicz, Pawel 2018. If territorial fragmentation is a problem, is amalgamation a solution? – Ten years later. Local Government Studies, Vol. 44, Issue. 1, p. 1.
Yamada, Kyohei 2018. From a Majority to a Minority: How Municipal Mergers in Japan Changed the Distribution of Political Powers and the Allocation of Public Services Within a Merged Municipality. Urban Affairs Review, Vol. 54, Issue. 3, p. 560.
Lapointe, Simon Saarimaa, Tuukka and Tukiainen, Janne 2018. Effects of municipal mergers on voter turnout. Local Government Studies, p. 1.
Anson, Ian G. 2018. Partisanship, Political Knowledge, and the Dunning-Kruger Effect. Political Psychology,
Linssen, Rik Scheepers, Peer Grotenhuis, Manfred te and Schmeets, Hans 2018. Conventional and unconventional political participation in times of financial crisis in the Netherlands, 2002–2012. Acta Politica, Vol. 53, Issue. 2, p. 283.
Aaskoven, Lasse 2018. Polity age and political budget cycles: Evidence from a Danish municipal reform. European Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 52, p. 75.
Lima, Ricardo Carvalho de Andrade and Silveira Neto, Raul da Mota 2018. Secession of municipalities and economies of scale: Evidence from Brazil. Journal of Regional Science, Vol. 58, Issue. 1, p. 159.
Andersen, Simon Calmar and Jakobsen, Mads Leth 2018. Political Pressure, Conformity Pressure, and Performance Information as Drivers of Public Sector Innovation Adoption. International Public Management Journal, Vol. 21, Issue. 2, p. 213.
Sjoberg, Fredrik M. Mellon, Jonathan and Peixoto, Tiago 2017. The Effect of Bureaucratic Responsiveness on Citizen Participation. Public Administration Review, Vol. 77, Issue. 3, p. 340.
Voda, Petr Svačinová, Petra Smolková, Andrea and Balík, Stanislav 2017. Local and more local: Impact of size and organization type of settlement units on candidacy. Political Geography, Vol. 59, p. 24.
Steiner, Reto and Kaiser, Claire 2017. Effects of amalgamations: evidence from Swiss municipalities. Public Management Review, Vol. 19, Issue. 2, p. 232.
Koch, Philippe and Rochat, Philippe E. 2017. The Effects of Local Government Consolidation on Turnout: Evidence from a Quasi-Experiment in Switzerland. Swiss Political Science Review, Vol. 23, Issue. 3, p. 215.
YAMADA, Kyohei 2017. Nihon no rōkaru demokurashī (Local Democracy in Japan). Social Science Japan Journal, Vol. 20, Issue. 1, p. 133.
Mussari, Riccardo and Ruggiero, Pasquale 2017. Merging for Capacity and a Capacity for Merging: Politicians, Citizens, and Discourses in Public Administrations. Financial Accountability & Management, Vol. 33, Issue. 1, p. 27.
Zeedan, Rami 2017. Bigger but not always better: Size and democracy in Israeli amalgamated local governments. Journal of Urban Affairs, Vol. 39, Issue. 5, p. 711.
Cobban, Timothy W. 2017. Bigger Is Better: Reducing the Cost of Local Administration by Increasing Jurisdiction Size in Ontario, Canada, 1995–2010. Urban Affairs Review, p. 107808741771932.
Optimal jurisdiction size is a cornerstone of government design. A strong tradition in political thought argues that democracy thrives in smaller jurisdictions, but existing studies of the effects of jurisdiction size, mostly cross-sectional in nature, yield ambiguous results due to sorting effects and problems of endogeneity. We focus on internal political efficacy, a psychological condition that many see as necessary for high-quality participatory democracy. We identify a quasiexperiment, a large-scale municipal reform in Denmark, which allows us to estimate a causal effect of jurisdiction size on internal political efficacy. The reform, affecting some municipalities, but not all, was implemented by the central government, and resulted in exogenous, and substantial, changes in municipal population size. Based on survey data collected before and after the reform, we find, using various difference-in-difference and matching estimators, that jurisdiction size has a causal and sizeable detrimental effect on citizens' internal political efficacy.
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