Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Leadership with Trustworthy Associates

  • TORUN DEWAN (a1) and FRANCESCO SQUINTANI (a2)
Abstract

Group members value informed decisions and hold ideological preferences. A leader takes a decision on their behalf. Good leadership depends on characteristics of moderation and judgment. The latter emerges (endogenously) via advice communicated by “trustworthy associates.” Trustworthy advice requires ideological proximity to the leader. A group may choose a relatively extreme leader with a large number of such associates. Paradoxically, this can happen though it is in the group’s collective interest to choose a moderate leader. To assess whether these insights persist when political groups compete, we embed our analysis in a model of elections. Each of two parties chooses a leader who implements her preferred policy if elected. We find that a party may choose an extreme leader who defeats a moderate candidate chosen by the opposing party. Our results highlight the importance of party cohesion and the relations between a leader and her party. These can be more important to electoral success than proximity of a leader’s position to the median voter.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Torun Dewan is a Professor of Government London School of Economics and Political Science, Houghton Street, London, UK, WC2A 2AE (t.dewan@lse.ac.uk)
Francesco Squintani is a Professor of Economics Warwick University, Coventry, UK, CV4 7AL (F.Squintani@Warwick.ac.uk)
Footnotes
Hide All

We thank for their comments audiences at several seminars, including Harvard University, Stanford University, University of Chicago, Berkeley University, Princeton University, University of Rochester, and Washington University in St. Louis, and at several conferences, and Melissa Schwartzberg.

Footnotes
References
Hide All
Ansolabehere, Stephen D., and Snyder, James M.. 2000. “Valence Politics and Equilibrium in Spatial Election Models.” Public Choice 103 (3–4): 327–36.
Ansolabehere, Stephen D., Snyder, James M., and Stewart, Charles H. III. 2001. “Candidate Positioning in U.S. House Elections.” American Journal of Political Science 45: 136–59.
Aragones, Enriqueta, and Palfrey, Thomas R.. 2002. “Mixed Equilibrium in a Downsian Model with a Favored Candidate.” Journal of Economic Theory 103 (1): 131–61.
Bendor, Jonathan, Glazer, Ami, and Hammond, Thomas H.. 2001. “Theories of Delegation.” Annual Review of Political Science 4: 235–69.
Bendor, Jonathan, and Meirowitz, Adam. 2004. “Spatial Models of Delegation.” American Political Science Review 98 (2): 293310.
Bernhardt, Dan, Câmara, Odilon, and Squintani, Francesco. 2011. “Competence and Ideology.” Review of Economic Studies 78 (2): 487522.
Besley, Timothy J., and Reynal-Querol, Marta. 2011. “Do Democracies Select More Educated Leaders?American Political Science Review 105 (3): 552–66.
Besley, Timothy J., and Coate, Stephen. 1997. “An Economic Model of Representative Democracy.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 112 (1): 85114.
Black, Duncan. 1948. “On the Rationale of Group Decision-making”. Journal of Political Economy 56 (1): 2334.
Blair, Tony. 2010. A Journey. London: Random House.
Blaydes, Lisa, Grimmer, Justin, and McQueen, Alison. 2013. “Mirrors for Prices and Sultans: Advice on the Art of Governance in the Medieval Christian and Islamic Worlds.” Working Paper, Stanford University.
Brunnermeier, Markus K., Bolton, Patrick, and Veldkamp, Laura. 2013. “Leadership, Coordination and Corporate Culture.” Review of Economic Studies 80 (2): 512–37.
Burden, Barry C. 2004. “Candidate Positioning in US Congressional Elections.” British Journal of Political Science 34 (2): 211–27.
Callander, Steven, and Wilkie, Simon. 2007. “Lies, Damned Lies, and Political Campaigns.” Games and Economic Behavior 60 (2): 262–86.
Calvert, Randall L. 1995. “The Rational Choice Theory of Social Institutions: Cooperation, Coordination, and Communication.” In Modern Political Economy: Old Topics, New Directions, eds. Banks, Jeffrey S., and Hanushek, Eric A.. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 216–67.
Canes-Wrone, Brandice. 2006. Who Leads Whom? Presidents, Policy, and the Public. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
Canes-Wrone, Brandice, Herron, Michael C., and Shotts, Kenneth W.. 2001. “Leadership and Pandering: A Theory of Executive Policymaking.” American Journal of Political Science 45 (3): 332–50.
Carlyle, Thomas. 1841. On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and The Heroic in History. London: James Fraser.
Chari, Varadarajan V., Jones, Larry E., and Marimon, Ramon. 1997. “The Economics of Split-Ticket Voting in Representative Democracies.” American Economic Review 87 (5): 957–76.
Clark, Tom. 2012. “Bargaining and Opinion Writing in the US Supreme Court.” In New Directions in Judicial Politics, ed. McGuire, Kevin. London: Routledge, 186204.
Dewan, Torun, Galeotti, Andrea, Ghiglino, Christain, and Squintani, Francesco. 2015. “Information Aggregation and Optimal Structure of the Executive.” American Journal of Political Science 59 (2): 475–94.
Dewan, Torun, and Myatt, David P.. 2007. “Leading the Party: Coordination, Direction and Communication.” American Political Science Review 101 (4): 825–43.
Dewan, Torun, and Myatt, David P.. 2008. “The Qualities of Leadership: Communication, Direction and Obfuscation.” American Political Science Review 102 (3): 351–68.
Dewan, Torun, and Squintani, Francesco. 2016. “In Defence of Factions.” American Journal of Political Science 60 (4): 860–81.
Egorov, Georgy, and Konstantin Sonin. 2011. “Dictators and Their Viziers: Endogenizing the Loyalty-Competence Trade-off.” Journal of the European Economic Association 9 (5): 903–30.
Galasso, Vincenzo, and Nannicini, Tommaso. 2011. “Competing on Good Politicians.” American Political Science Review 105 (1): 7999.
Galeotti, Andrea, Ghiglino, Christian, and Squintani, Francesco. 2013. “Information Transmission Networks.” Journal of Economic Theory 148 (5): 136–59.
Gans, Joshua S., and Smart, Michael. 1996. “Majority Voting with Single Crossing Preferences.” Journal of Public Economics 59: 219–37.
Groseclose, Timothy. 2001. “A Model of Candidate Location When One Candidate Has a Valence Advantage.” American Journal of Political Science 45 (4): 862–86.
Harstad, Bård. 2010. “Strategic Delegation and Voting Rules.” Journal of Public Economics 94 (1-2): 102–13.
Heath, Anthony F., Jowell, Roger M., and Curtice, John K.. 1983. “1983 British Election Study Cross-Section.” University of Essex.
Heath, Anthony F., Jowell, Roger M., and Curtice, John K.. 1987. “1987 British Election Study Cross-Section.” University of Essex.
Heath, Anthony F., Jowell, Roger M., and Curtice, John K.. 1992. “1992 British Election Study Cross-Section.” University of Essex.
Heath, Anthony F., Jowell, Roger M., and Curtice, John K.. 1997. “1997 British Election Study Cross-Section.” University of Essex.
Hermalin, Benjamin E. 1998. “Toward an Economic Theory of Leadership: Leading by Example.” American Economic Review 88: 1188–206.
Huber, John D., and Shipan, Charles R.. 2002. Deliberate Discretion?: The Institutional Foundations of Bureaucratic Autonomy. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Kearns Goodwin, Doris. 2005. Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln. New York: Simon and Schuster.
Krehbiel, Keith. 2007. “Supreme Court Appointments as a Move-the-Median Game.” American Journal of Political Science 51 (2): 231–40.
Levi, Margaret, and Ahlquist, John S.. 2011. “Leadership: What it means, what it does, and what we want to know about it.” Annual Review of Political Science 14: 124.
McCurley, Carl, and Mondak, Jeffery J.. 1995. “The Influence of Incumbents’ Competence and Integrity in U.S. House Elections.” American Journal of Political Science 39 (4): 864– 85.
McGann, Anthony J. 2002. “The Advantages of Ideological Cohesion A Model of Constituency Representation and Electoral Competition in Multi-Party Democracies.” Journal of Theoretical Politics 14 (1): 3770.
McGann, Anthony J., Koetzle, William, and Grofman, Bernard. 2002. “How an Ideologically Concentrated Minority Can Trump a Dispersed Majority: Nonmedian Voter Results for Plurality, Run-off, and Sequential Elimination Elections.” American Journal of Political Science 46 (1): 134–47.
Michels, Robert. 1911. Zur Soziologie des Parteiwesens in der modernen Demokratie. Untersuchungen über die oligarchischen Tendenzen des Gruppenlebens. Leipzig, Germany: Werner Klinkhardt.
Osborne, Martin J., and Slivinski, Al. 1996. “A Model of Political Competition with Citizen-Candidates.” Quarterly Journal of Economics 111 (1): 6596.
Patty, John W. 2013. “A Theory of Cabinet-Making: The Politics of Inclusion, Exclusion, and Information.” Working Paper, Washington University at St. Louis.
Patty, John W., and Penn, Elizabeth Margaret. 2014. “Sequential Decision Making and Information Aggregation in Small Networks.” Political Science Research and Methods 2 (2): 243–71.
Penn, Elizabeth Margaret. 2016. “Engagement, Disengagement, or Exit: A Theory of Equilibrium Associations.” American Journal of Political Science 60 (2): 322–36.
Rohde, David W., and Shepsle, Kenneth. 2007. “Advising and Consenting in the 60-Vote Senate: Strategic Appointments to the Supreme Court.” Journal of Politics 69 (3): 664–77.
Schelling, Thomas C. 1960. The Strategy of Conflict. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Stokes, Donald E. 1963. “Spatial Models of Party Competition.” American Political Science Review 57 (2): 368–77.
Stone, Walter J., and Simas, Elizabeth N.. 2010. “Candidate Valence and Ideological Positions in U.S. House Elections.” American Journal of Political Science 54 (2): 371–88.
Uhl-Bien, Mary. 2006. “Relational Leadership Theory: Exploring the Social Processes of Leadership and Organizing.” Leadership Quarterly 17 (6): 654–76.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

American Political Science Review
  • ISSN: 0003-0554
  • EISSN: 1537-5943
  • URL: /core/journals/american-political-science-review
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×
Type Description Title
PDF
Supplementary materials

Dewan and Squintani supplementary material 1
Online Appendix

 PDF (266 KB)
266 KB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed