Books and Periodicals
Abramson, Paul R. 1983. Political Attitudes in America: Formation and Change. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman.
Abramson, Paul R., and Claggett, William. 1992. “The Quality of Record Keeping and Racial Differences in Validated Turnout.” Journal of Politics 54 (3): 871–80.
Aldrich, John H., and Nelson, Forrest D.. 1986. Linear Probability, Logit, and Probit Models. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
Bachrach, Peter, and Baratz, Morton S.. 1962. “The Two Faces of Power.” American Political Science Review 56 (4): 947–52.
Banfield, Edward C. 1974. The Unheavenly City Revisited. Boston: Little, Brown.
Barber, Benjamin. 1984. Strong Democracy: Participatory Politics for a New Age. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.
Berg, Bruce L. 1998. Qualitative Research Methods for the Social Sciences. 3d ed. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Campbell, Angus, Gurin, Gerald, and Miller, Warren. 1954. The Voter Decides. Evanston, IL: Row, Peterson.
Dahl, Robert A. 1967. Pluralist Democracy in the United States: Conflict and Consent. Chicago: Rand McNally.
Downs, Anthony. 1957. An Economic Theory of Democracy. New York: Harper & Row.
Eagly, Alice H., and Chaiken, Shelly. 1993. The Psychology of Attitudes. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
Easton, David. 1965. A Framework for Political Analysis. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Easton, David. 1971. The Political System. New York: Knopf.
Edelman, Murray. 1964. The Symbolic Uses of Politics. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.
Edelman, Murray. 1977. Political Language. New York: Academic Press.
Esping-Andersen, , Gøsta, . 1990. Three Worlds of Welfare Capitalism. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Fetterman, David M. 1979. Ethnography: Step by Step. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Fishbein, Martin, and Azjen, Icek. 1975. Belief, Attitude, Intention, and Behavior. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Gilder, George. 1981. Wealth and Poverty. New York: Basic Books.
Goodsell, Charles T. 1980. “Client Evaluations of Three Welfare Programs: A Comparison of Three Welfare Programs.” Administration & Society 12 (2): 123–36.
Gordon, Linda. 1994. Pitied but Not Entitled: Single Mothers and the History of Welfare. New York: Free Press.
Gurin, Gerald, and Gurin, Patricia. 1970. “Expectancy Theory in the Study of Poverty.” Journal of Social Issues 26 (2): 83–104.
Handler, Joel F. 1992. “Discretion: Power, Quiescence, and Trust.” In The Uses of Discretion, ed. Hawkins, Keith. Oxford: Clarendon Press, Pp. 331–60.
Handler, Joel F. 1996. Down from Bureaucracy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Handler, Joel F., and Hasenfeld, Yeheskel. 1991. The Moral Construction of Poverty: Welfare Reform in America. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Handler, Joel F., and Hollingsworth, Jane. 1971. The “Deserving Poor”: A Study of Welfare Administration. Chicago: Markham.
Head Start Bureau. 1992. Head Start Program Performance Standards. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (45-CFR 1304).
Heclo, Hugh. 1994. “Poverty Politics.” In Confronting Poverty: Prescriptions for Change, ed. Danziger, Sheldon, Sandefur, Gary, and Weinberg, Daniel. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Pp. 396–437.
Kane, Thomas J. 1987. “Giving Back Control: Long-Term Poverty and Motivation.” Social Service Review 61 (3): 405–18.
Katz, Michael. 1989. The Undeserving Poor: From the War on Poverty to the War on Welfare. New York: Pantheon.
King, Gary, Keohane, Robert O., and Verba, Sidney. 1994. Designing Social Inquiry: Scientific Inference in Qualitative Research. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Kirk, Jerome, and Miller, Marc L.. 1986. Reliability and Validity in Qualitative Research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Lipsky, Michael. 1980. Street-Level Bureaucracy: Dilemmas of the Individual in Public Services. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Lowi, Theodore J. 1964. “American Business, Public Policy, Case Studies, and Political Theory.” World Politics 16 (4): 677–715.
Luttbeg, Norman R. 1991. “Political Attitudes: A Historical Artifact or a Concept of Continuing Importance in Political Science?” In Political Science: Looking to the Future, ed. Crotty, William. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press. Pp. 13–30.
Marston, Sallie A. 1993. “Citizen Action Programs and Participatory Politics in Tucson.” In Public Policy for Democracy, ed. Ingram, Helen and Smith, Steven Rathgeb. Washington, DC: Brookings. Pp. 119–62.
McMiller, Darryl. 1995. “The Effects of Economic Circumstances and Attitudes on Blacks' Political Attitudes and Participation.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Chicago.
Mead, Lawrence M. 1992. The New Politics of Poverty: The Nonworking Poor in America. New York: Basic Books.
Mead, Lawrence, ed. 1997. The New Paternalism: Supervisory Approaches to Poverty. Washington, DC: Brookings.
Miles, Matthew, and Huberman, Michael. 1984. Qualitative Data Analysis. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Moynihan, Daniel P. 1969. Maximum Feasible Misunderstanding. New York: Free Press.
Niemi, Richard, Craig, Stephen, and Mattei, Franco. 1991. “Measuring Internal Political Efficacy in the 1988 National Election Study.” American Political Science Review 85 (December: 1407–13.
Olson, Mancur. 1965. The Logic of Collective Action. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Pateman, Carole. 1970. Participation and Democratic Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Pierson, Paul. 1993. “When Effect Becomes Cause: Policy Feedback and Political Change.” World Politics 45 (4): 595–628.
Piven, Frances Fox, and Cloward, Richard A.. 1971. Regulating the Poor. New York: Vintage Books.
Piven, Frances Fox, and Cloward, Richard A.. 1979. Poor People's Movements. New York: Vintage Books.
Rosenstone, Steven J., and Hansen, John Mark. 1993. Mobilization, Participation, and Democracy in America. New York: Macmillan.
Sapiro, Virginia. 1994. “Political Socialization During Adulthood: Clarifying the Political Time of Our Lives.” Research in Micropolitics 4: 197–223.
Sarat, Austin. 1990. “‘The Law Is All Over’: Power, Resistance and the Legal Consciousness of the Welfare Poor.” Yale Journal of Law & the Humanities 2 (2): 343–79.
Schneider, Anne, and Ingram, Helen. 1993. “Social Construction of Target Populations.” American Political Science Review 87 (June: 334–47.
Schneider, Anne, and Ingram, Helen. 1995. “Response.” American Political Science Review 89 (June: 441–6.
Schneider, Anne, and Ingram, Helen. 1997. Policy Design for Democracy. Lawrence: University of Kansas Press.
Silver, Brian D., Anderson, Barbara, and Abramson, Paul R.. 1986. “Who Overreports Voting?” American Political Science Review 80 (June: 613–24.
Smith, Steven Rathgeb, and Ingram, Helen. 1993. “Public Policy and Democracy.” In Public Policy for Democracy, ed. Ingram, Helen and Smith, Steven Rathgeb. Washington, DC: Brookings. Pp. 1–18.
Spradley, James P. 1979. The Ethnographic Interview. Fort Worth, TX: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
Strauss, Anselm. 1987. Qualitative Analysis for Social Scientists. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Turner, John C., Hogg, Michael A., Oakes, Penelope J., Reicher, S. D., and Wetherell, Margaret S.. 1987. Rediscovering the Social Group. New York: Basil Blackwell.
U.S. House of Representatives. Committee on Ways and Means. 1998. The Green Book. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Verba, Sidney, and Nie, Norman. 1972. Participation in America. New York: Harper & Row.
Verba, Sidney, Schlozman, Kay Lehman, and Brady, Henry E.. 1995. Voice and Equality: Civic Voluntarism in American Politics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Wilson, James Q. 1980. “The Politics of Regulation.” In The Politics of Regulation, ed. Wilson, J. Q.. New York: Basic Books. Pp. 357–94.
Yin, Robert K. 1989. Case Study Research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
Young, Rosalie. 1995. “Subsidized Legal Service Applicants: Perceptions of Legal and Political Issues.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Law and Society Association, Toronto, Canada.